Isra Wal Miraj The Opening Of The Universe For Mankind: Tafsir Surah al Najm (53)

084e4b734b8cd521b3d668c6006214bcIt is clear from the prophet Muhammad’s (saws) own words that He (saws) understood there is knowledge in everything which needs to be studied and discovered before it can be known, today for mankind science fulfils this role.

The Prophet – praise and peace be upon him – said, “Indeed, knowledge has a branch which resembles a hidden thing (it needs to be discovered); no one grasps it except those who know Allah.” Allah in the Quran speaks about all aspects of creation, but much of it was beyond the understanding of the desert Arabs living 1400 years ago, Allah says: “And we strike these similitudes for the people, but none understands them except those who know.” (29:42).

Regarding this the prophet (saws) said, “Indeed, there is an external meaning and an internal meaning to the Qur’an, a scope and a point.” Ali, pointing to his breast, said, “Indeed, herein lies abundant knowledge; would that there were some to (comprehend and) transmit it.”

It was because not every person was capable of understanding science that the prophet (saws) said, “We prophets were ordered to communicate with everyone according to his ability to understand.” This is because there was a danger in trying to teach people science they would not be able to prove for another 1400 years, so the prophet (saws) warned, “No one has ever recited a prophetic quotation to a people which their minds have failed to grasp without it being a temptation for them.”

The prophet taught the scientific meanings behind specific verses to the companions who could grasp them and they understood the dangers of trying to teach knowledge that could not be visibly proven. Allah said in the Quran, “It is Allah who has created the seven heavens and of (the) earth, their like (meaning the other planets); and between them the Command descends (the Laws of Physics governing space and every reaction in it)” (65:12). Ibn Abbas (r.a) said about this verse, “Were I to relate its interpretation you would stone me” or “you would have said, ‘He is an unbeliever’”.

Abu Hurrah similarly said, “I have received from the Prophet of Allah two things (types of knowledge), one of which I have made public. Were I to divulge the other, this throat would be cut.” The prophet (saws) said, “Abu-Bakr has excelled you not by excessive fasting and much prayer, but by a secret (knowledge) which rests in his chest.” His ability to understand science and everything the prophet (saws) taught him about the universe and Allah and so Allah generally valued those who could understand knowledge about this universe over those who couldn’t.

Allah said in the Quran “Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Are those who know equal with those who know not? But only men of understanding will pay heed.” (39:9)

The tafsir to Isra wal Miraj based on surah al Najm (53) was written according to the themes of each verse which outlined the topics and scientific themes Allah was mentioning, this then made the bigger picture Allah was drawing for us very clear. Isra wal Miraj was a spiritual journey through the universe to it’s limit called “sidrat al muntaha”, spiritual here means the prophet (saws) saw the spiritual world with his heart and eyes, keeping in mind Allah taught the Quran through revelation which was revealed to mans heart, how man is able to see spiritually and receive revelation in scientific terms I have written about in detail elsewhere, but understanding the how makes the connection between each verse very clear and the larger picture more obvious to those who already have knowledge, “but none understands them except those who (already) know” (29:42).

At present this tafsir is the latest tafsir we have written and builds upon our previous work which can be read at our site http://ghayb.com/tafsir-al-quran/, this will help people gain greater insight into our words, one in particular which should be kept in mind is the tafsir to surah al Shams (91), it has great relevance here, you will also find other resources relevant to this work at the end, Jazak Allah Khair.

Isra Wal Miraj Is What Allowed Mankind To Discover Science As We Know It
It is the reason why Allah revealed the verse; “In time We shall make them fully understand Our messages [through what they perceive] in the utmost horizons [of the universe] and within themselves, so that it will become clear unto them that this [revelation] is indeed the truth.” [Qur’an 41:53]

The prophet (saws) was the first to be shown the entire universe, on this night He (saws) was taken to the end of the subatomic universe called sidrat al muntaha, the furthest limit, located at the Arsh of Allah, He (saws) was Honoured by going further beyond this limit to a place Allah called the station of two bows length, surah al Najm (53) mentions this event. Continue reading

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Tafsir Surah al Najm (53:33-41)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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Allah continues…“Have you then seen him who turns his back? And gives a little and (then) withholds.” (53:33-34)

Allah then brings an example to the pagans from among themselves, Mujahid and Ibn Zayd said: “This was revealed about al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah. The latter had followed the religion of the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. But one of the idolaters reviled him for it, saying: ‘Why did you leave the religion of the elders whom you claimed were in error and are abiding in hellfire?’ He said: ‘I feared Allah’s chastisement’. The man gave him assurances that he will bear in his stead the chastisement of Allah, glorious and majestic is He, in exchange for some of his wealth and on condition that he reverts to his idolatry. Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah gave the man some of what they had agreed but then felt miserly and refused to give him the rest. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed this verse”. (Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi)

This is an example of a man from among them who was blind to the Laws governing the unseen, making deals about his afterlife from pure guess work, just as Allah pointed out to them earlier that they were making guesses about their idols, so this is meant to illustrate to them their own actions.

Allah continues…“Has he the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see? Or, has he not been informed of what is in the scriptures of Musa? And (of) Ibrahim who fulfilled (the commandments)”.(53:35-36)

Allah then questions if He has any knowledge of the unseen, the question is really a challenge to the pagans because the prophet (saws) who they were accusing did have knowledge of the Laws governing the unseen and their lives. Allah then reminds them that they were informed about what the scripture of Musa (as) and Abraham (as) said.

“(And Abraham who paid his debt) i.e. he conveyed the message of his Lord and acted upon that which Allah had commanded him; it is also said that this means: he did as he was told in his dream vision”(Tanwir al Miqbas min Tafsir ibn Abbas, 53:37)

Allah then points out the Laws most relevant to their actions… “That no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another. And that man shall have nothing but what he strives for. And that his striving shall soon be seen. Then shall he be rewarded for it with the fullest reward”(53:38-41) Continue reading

The Kufr of Not “Blindly Following”

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Kufr

The Kufr of Not “Blindly Following” (Pdf)

(Taqleed and Akhir al Zaman)

I have taken this book down temporarily to correct some minor mistakes, it will be up again soon insha Allah.

The Prophet (saws) established in a number of narration’s that we should stick to the main body of the Ummah: “My community will not come together on misguidance.”; “A group of my community will continue on truth until the coming of the Hour.”; “Whoever leaves the community or separates himself from it by the length of a span, dies the death of the Jahiliyya (period of kufr prior to Islam).”;”You have to follow the congregation for verily Allah will not make the largest group of Muhammad’s community agree on error.”; “Whoever among you wants to be in the middle of Paradise, let him cling to the congregation.”; “Shaytan is a wolf like the wolf that preys on sheep, taking the isolated and the stray among them; therefore, avoid factionalism and keep to the congregation and the collective and the masjid.”; “Verily Allah has protected my Community from agreeing upon error.”; “Allah’s hand is over the group, and whoever dissents from them departs to hell.”; “Allah’s hand is over the group, follow the largest group, for verily whoever dissents from them departs to hell.” Continue reading

Yajooj And Majooj (Gog And Magog)

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

After ‘Eesa ibn Maryam kills the Dajjaal, Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) will come out. And through the blessings of ‘Eesa’s supplications, Allah will then destroy them in a single night. Allah it said:

“Until when Yajooj and Maim] (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly stare in horror. (They will say): “Woe to us! We were indeed heedless of this; nay, but we were Zalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.). “Qur’an 21:96-97.

And Allah said regarding the story of Thil-Qarnain:

“Then he followed (another way), until, when he reached between two mountains, he found, before (near) them (those two mountains), a people who scarcely understood a word. They said: “O Dhul-Qarnain! Verily! Yalu] and Majuj (Gog and Magog) are doing great mischief in the land. Shall we then pay you a tribute in order that you might erect a barrier between us and them?” He said: “That (wealth, authority, and power) in which my Lord had established me is better (than your tribute). So help me with strength (of men). I will erect between you and them a barrier.”

“Give me pieces (blocks) of iron,” then, when he had filled up the gap between the two mountain-cliffs, he said: “Blow,” till when he had made it (red as) fire, he said: “Bring me molten copper to pour over it.” So they (Yajuj and Majuj (Gag and Magog)) were made powerless to scale it or dig through it. (Dhul-Qarnain) said: “This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the Promise of my Lord comes, He shall level it down to the ground. And the Promise of my Lord is ever true.” And on that Day (i.e. the Day Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog) will come out), We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another, and the Trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together.” Qur’an 18: 85-99.

In the Tafseer of the story of Dhul-Qarnain – that he built the barrier from iron and copper between two mountains – we mentioned that Dhul-Qarnain said, “This is a mercy from my Lord — that through the barrier, this people who spread corruption in the earth are separated from the people.” “But when the Promise of my Lord comes”. this is referring to the time when the barrier will be destroyed and leveled down to the ground. “And the Promise of my Lord is ever true”: i.e., this matter must come to pass. And at that time, Allah “shall leave them to surge like waves on one another.” And then they will go forth among the people, traveling quickly through every mound. After that time, the trumpet will be blown. In another Verse, Allah said:

“Until, when Ya’jooj and Majuj (Gag and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly stare in horror ‘ Qur’an 21:96, 97. Continue reading

Eesa Ibn Maryam

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

The Messenger of Allah ‘Eesa Ibn Maryam Will Descend From The Heaven Of The Earth To The Earth At The End Of Time

Allah said:

“And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah,” . but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of ‘Eesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). But Allah raised him (‘Eesa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise” Qur’an 4:157,158

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159

Regarding “before his death” in this last Verse, Ibn Jareer related in his Tafseer that Ibn ‘Abbaas) said, “Before the death of ‘Eesa Ibn Maryam.” The chain of this narration is authentic.

Did ‘Eesa Die Or Was He Raised Alive To The Sky?

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159

Regarding this verse, Abu Maalik said that it is referring to when ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend and that he is now alive with Allah When he will descend, all will believe in him. Ibn Jareer related this. Ibn Abee Haatim related that a man asked Al-Hasan about this Verse:

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159.

Al-Hasan said, “Before the death of ‘Eesa, Allah raised ‘Eesa to Him and He it will send him (back) before the Day of Resurrection, in a situation wherein both the righteous one and the wicked one will believe in him.” Qataadah ibn Du’aamah, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Yazeed Ibn Aslam, and others have said the same, which is also established in Bukhaaree and Muslim from Abu Hurairah. As we will mention, one narration is Matiqoof (i.e. Abu Hurairah said it) and another is Marfoo’ (i.e., Abu Hurairah related it from the Prophet A). And Allah’ knows best.

The point is that ‘Eesa ill is alive now in the heavens, and he was not, as the People of the Book claim, crucified; instead, Allah it raised Mm to Him. Before the Day of Resurrection, ‘Eesa will descend from the sky; such is related in Mutawaatir Hadeeth narrations, both in the Ahaadeeth we related regarding the Dajjaal and the Ahaadeeth we will mention shortly. We seek help from Allah and depend upon Him alone. There is neither might nor power except with Allah, the Most-Powerful, the All-Wise, the Most High,the All-Mighty. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Lord of the Noble ‘Arsh (Throne).

It is related from Ibn ‘Abbaas and others that the antecedent of the pronoun in “before his death” is every individual from the People of the Book; if this is authentically narrated from him, then it is contrary to what we have said. But in actuality, the correct meaning and chain of narration is what we have previously mentioned, and what we have explained in sufficient detail in the Book of Tafseer. All praise is for Allah, and all favors and blessings are from Him. Continue reading