Al Fiqh Al Akbar: An Accurate Translation

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Fiqh

Al Fiqh Al Akbar: An Accurate Translation (Pdf)

Modern translations of Imam Abu Hanifa’s al Fiqh al Akbar have attributed anthropomorphic (claiming that Allah has a form or body) views to the Imam. Salafi’s have claimed such beliefs regarding the Imam, despite the fact his most famous work on Aqeedah (Theology) was written to refute the heretical sects that arose in his time claiming the Anthramorphism of Allah, and to clearly define the Aqeedah of Ahl al Sunnah wal Jama’ah (Islam). This Work presents an accurate translation of al Fiqh al Akbar along with a discussion on the history of Aqeedah in relation to the work.

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Tasawwuf Established with Three Verses of the Quran and a Hadith

The Word Sufism is an english word, in our Deen we only use arabic to describe the Deen, the word in Arabic for Sufism is Tasawwuf, and the act you perform is called Tazkiyah an Nafs, purifying your self of evil and bad while promoting good qualities in your self, and what you try to achieve by it is Ihsan, Human Perfection.

1) Surah Shams, 91:9 Allah takes an oath in the Quran like no other and swears by the act of Tasawwuf, “Qad Aflaha man Zakaha” (Zakaha = Tazkiya an nafs), “He Who Purifies it succeeds”, This is talking about getting rid of your bad qualities, Tazkiya Nafs.

2) Surah Abbasa, 80:3 The Blind Man comes to the Prophet (saws) seeking Islam and the Prophet (saws) frowns upon Him as his attention is elsewhere, Allah responds by Saying, “Wama yudrika La-alahu Yazaka” (Yazaka = Tazkiyah an Nafs), “Yet for all thou didst know, [O Muhammad,] he might perhaps have grown in purity”, So in Surah al Shams Allah mentioned the first part of Tazkiyah an Nafs and that is Purifying your self of Evil, In Surah Abbasa he mentions the second part, learning and Promoting Good qualaties in your character and growing as a person.

3) Surah Ashurah, 26:88-89, Allah says, “The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, But only he (will prosper) that brings to Allah a sound heart”, “a heart free of sins and love for this worldly life” (Tanwir al miqbas Min Tafsir Ibn Abbas). You Have to know the Acts of Tazkiyah Nafs to Free your Heart from Sin and love for this Dunay (world), and Only One science in islam deals with this Subject in all of islams history and that is Tasawwuf, Fiqh does not cover Human Character and Psychology, it covers the Fiqh of Halal and Haram, how to actually change your self, the ullumah dealt with that in a different science of islam.

4) The most famous Hadith in all of Islam is the hadith of Jibril (hs), which occurred 86 days before the prophets (saws) death, it defines all the parts of Islam with out a Doubt, into Fiqh (Islam), Aqeedah (Iman), Ihsan (Tasawwuf) and the Sings of the Hour. Continue reading

Layla Nisf Sha‘ban – The Middle Night of Sha‘ban

The aim of this paper is to show that the middle night of Sha‘bān is an important night in the Islamic calendar. Unfortunately, there are many Muslims – of the Salafi/Wahhabī orientation – that argue that there is no evidence to suggest the religious significance of this night. They declare the worship associated with this night as a reprehensible innovation (bid’a). As the article will show, such an opinion stems from ignorance and neglect.

Introduction.

The fifteenth night of Sha‘bān is an important night in the Islamic calendar. In Arabic, this night is called ‘Layla Nisf Sha‘bān’, meaning the ‘middle night of Sha‘bān.’ It is also called Layla (or Shabe, Persian for ‘night’) Barā’at, which means ‘the night of immunity’. The night is so called because Allāh offers immunity from the fire of Hell for those who repent to Him sincerely on this night. From the Qur’ān, sunna and sayings & actions of our pious predecessors, there is ample evidence to suggest that this a time of devotion and excessive worship. This article is merely a small reflection of the wealth of material available highlighting the significance of Layla Nisf Sha‘bān.

Evidence from the Holy Qur’ān.

Allāh says in the Qur’ān: Hā-Mīm. By the manifest Book. Verily We sent it down on a blessed night; verily We are ever warning. Therein that night, every matter of ordainment is decreed. (44: 1-3).

Imām al-Qurtubī writes in his Tafsīr that the ‘blessed night’ being referred to in this verse is Layla al-Qadr. This is the opinion which most scholars allude to, include the Companion Ibn Abbās (may Allāh be pleased with him). However, Imām al-Qurtubī also accepts that some scholars believe it is referring to Layla Nisf Sha‘bān.1 Ikrama, for example, believes that the night in this verse is Layla Nisf Sha‘bān, the night when all decisions are decreed for the following year. Continue reading