The Reality of Humiliating Others

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ibn Hajar Haytami placed Humiliating Others in Islams list of Enormities and he defined it as, blackening a Muslim’s name and searching out his shameful points so as to disgrace and humiliate him before others.

Enormities are the Major sins of Islam which include acts like Murder, about which the Prophet (saws) said stay away from the enormities and i will guaranty you heaven and He (saws) similarly said Allah forgives a Muslim his minor sins.

It is not permissible in Islam to transmit knowledge from a person who is involved in humiliating others they are untrustworthy people as Narrators, Judges, Faqih or Leaders in the Community.

The transmitter must be an upright person (‘adl) at the time of reporting the Hadith. The minimum requirement of this condition is that the person has not committed a major sin and does not persist in committing minor ones; nor is he known for persistence in degrading profanities such as eating in the-public thoroughfare, associating with persons of ill repute and indulgence in humiliating jokes.

The ullumah have said, Merely making people feel that the way of his travel is unsafe is to commit an enormity, so how than if such a person should take money?

Allah Most High says to the people who Hurt and Revile Muslims:

(1) “Those who hurt believing men and women who have done nothing to deserve it shall bear the burden of calumny and open sin (Koran 33:58).

(2) ‘Do not spy and do not slander one another (Koran 49: 12).

(3) Woe to whoever disparages others behind their back or to their face” (Koran: 104:1).

(4) Verily, as for those who like [to hear] foul slander spread against [any of] those who have attained to faith grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to come: for God knows [the full truth], whereas you know [it] not. (Koran 24:19).

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

(1) The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He does not oppress him, hang back from coming to his aid, or belittle him. It is sufficiently wicked for someone to demean his fellow Muslim,”

(2) By Allah, he does not believe. By Allah, he does not believe. By Allah, he does not believe,” Someone asked, “Who. O Messenger of Allah?” And he said, “He whose neighbor is not safe from his evil conduct.”

(3) Someone said, O Messenger of Allah, So-and-so spends her nights praying and her days fasting, but there is something in her tongue that maliciously injures her neighbors.” He replied, “There is no good in her, she will go to hell”

(4) “When I was taken up in the Ascent (Mi’raj), I passed by people with fingernails of copper who were raking their faces and chests with them. I asked, ‘Who are they, Gabriel?’ and he said, ‘They are those who slandered others and attacked their reputations.” “

(5) “No man charges another with corruption or unbelief, save that the charge returns against himself if the other is not as he said,”

(6) Do not revile the dead, for they have gone on to what they have sent ahead.

“Verily, those who offend Allah and His messenger are cursed by Allah in this world and the next, and He has prepared for them a humiliating torment” (Koran 33:57),

The Reality of the Act of Humiliating Others

Muawiyah  said I heard the Apostle of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (Peace be upon him) say: If you search for the faults of the people, you will corrupt them, or will nearly corrupt them. Abu Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) said: These are the words which Muawiyah himself heard from the Apostle of Allah (Peace be upon him), and Allah benefited him by them.[Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith no. 4888]

Searching for people’s Faults is a source of corruption in society, in searching for the fault of a person your are also spying so in reality you are committing the Sin of searching for a persons fault, the Sin of Spying, the Sin of Slander and the Sin of spreading corruption on earth, and Allah said about people who do this from a place of Authority in the Quran;

The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His messenger and strive to make mischief in the land is only this, that they should be murdered or crucified or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides or they should be imprisoned; this shall be as a disgrace for them in this world, and in the hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement (5:33) 

إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُصْلِحُ عَمَلَ الْمُفْسِدِ ينَ

This is the reality of the Jassus (spy) who spreads corruption among people; 

“Allah loves not those who do mischief.” (28:77),

“And hold in your mind’s eye what was the end of those who did mischief” (7:86)

“So see what was the end of those who made mischief.”(7:103)

“Truly Pharaoh elated himself in the land and broke up its people into sections, depressing a small group among them: their sons he slew, but he kept alive their females: for he was indeed a maker of mischief.” (28:4) Continue reading

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The Sin of Spying on Others

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Allah Almighty says, “And do not spy on one another,” (49:12)

Imam Al-Nawawi (rh) said: Some of the scholars said that tahassus with letter HA, ‘snooping’ means listening to other people’s conversations, and tajassus with letter JEEM, ‘spying’ means seeking out other people’s faults. it was also suggested that tajassus means looking for secrets. The word is mostly used in the sense of evil. The Jasūs ‘spy’ is the one who seeks out secrets for evil purposes and the nāmūs is the one who seeks out secrets for good purposes. And it was suggested that tajassus refers to looking for information for someone else, and tahassus means looking for information for oneself. This was the view of Tha’lab. And it was said that they mean one and the same, which is seeking out information about people’s state of affairs.

Ibn Kathir, said in his Tafsir commenting upon this Ayah: “Allâh said ‘and spy not’ on each other. Tajassus, usually harbors ill intentions, and the spy is called a Jasus….In the Sahih it is recorded that the Messenger of Allâh said: “Neither commit Tajassus nor Tahassus nor hate each other nor commit Tadabur. And be brothers Oh servants of Allâh.”  Al-Awza’i said: ‘Tajassus means, to search for something, while Tahassus means listening to people when they are talking without their permission, or eavesdropping at their doors. Tadabur refers to shunning each other.’ Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this statement.[Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr, Vol. 9, pp. 201 / 202]

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Beware of suspicion. Suspicion is the falsest kind of speech. Do not spy or pry. Do not be rivals nor envy one another. Do not hate one another nor show enmity to one another. Be slaves of Allah, brothers, as you have been commanded to be. The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He does not wrong him nor disappoint him nor despise him. Godfearing is here,” and he pointed to his chest. “It is enough evil for a man that he should despise his Muslim brother. The blood, honour and property of every Muslim is sacred to another Muslim. Allah does not look at your bodies nor your forms, but He looks at your hearts and your actions.”

In one variant, “Do not envy one another nor hate one another nor spy nor pry nor bid against one another to raise the price and be slaves of Allah, brothers.” Continue reading

The Mysteries Of The Human Soul

(AL-MADNUN BIHI `ALA GHAIR AHLIHI)

ABU HAMID AL-GHAZZALI,

1058-1111

CONTENTS

I. The Meaning of Taswiyah

How and When is Matter Fit to Attract Soul?

The Meaning of Nafkh

God’s Benevolence

The Reality of the Human Soul

The Proof of the Non-Divisibility of the Soul

The Attachment or Non-Attachment of Soul to Body

The World of Matter and the World of Creation

II. How the Soul Comes into Existence

The Condition of Human Souls and Difference Among Them, After the Death of Bodies

The Meaning of Surat or Image

III. The Pen and the Preserved Tablet (Lawh al- Mahfuz)

The Doomsday and the Resurrection of Bodies

Attachment of Soul to Dead Bodies in Their Graves and on the Day of Resurrection

Belief in the Balance of the Day of Judgment

IV. Intercession of the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him)

The Bridge Stretched over Hell

Physical and Spiritual Pleasures in Paradise

V. The Punishment of the Grave and Man’s Suffering in Hell

Mutual Exchange between Virtue and Vice

Seeing God and the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a Vision

Difference between the Meaning of Example and Resemblance

CHAPTER I

THE MEANING OF TASWIYAH

After taking God’s name and praising Him, al-Ghaza1i said: Some of the inquirers have asked us to cast a ray of light on the mysteries of the human soul. As we found their question based on sincere faith, and since we believed that they could be profited in a general way from the personal vision of the sufis, we acceded to their request and begged the Almighty Allah to enable us to be of real service to them, for all the human beings will eventually return to Him. He guides whom He pleaseth to His own light and rewards His believing servants for their acts of obedience in the spirit of generosity and encouragement. Asking us the meaning of the Qur’anic verse:

“…”

[And when I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My spirit, then fall down before him prostrate (xv. 29).]

They first wanted us to explain what taswiyah meant.

How and When is Matter fit to attract Soul?

We said: When the matter is fit enough to attract the soul, and consequently the latter enters the former, this entry is called taswiyah. That matter is the refined and specially prepared dust in respect of Adam and sperm in respect of his descendants, i.e. human beings, for purely dry objects like earth and stone cannot be kindled into flames, nor does a wet thing like water attract fire, which is composed of various component parts, but this does not mean that all compound things like mud are capable of attracting fire. It is essential that the earth be compounded several times in order to become suitable for catching fire. In like manner Allah the Almighty, prepares the earth in a special manner till it becomes fit for vegetation, and when man eats it, it is introduced into the stomach, the liver receives the cream and essence of it and transmits it to the heart; the heart in like manner extracts the essence of this in the shape of pure blood, which is further purified in the form of sperm, as a result of the sexual intercourse, and when the womb receives it, it is assisted by the blood cf menses.

Then the compound becomes moderate enough to be heated by the womb, till, because of its purity and moderation, it is fit enough to attract and sustain the soul, like the candle which kindles a flame and sustains it. When God finds that the best of moulds in which man is created is ready to welcome the soul, He, in His infinite mercy and love, is pleased to send the soul to nourish the germ. Man’s life is the result of fertilization of a womb by a drop, which comes out of the marrow of a man’s body. Then this drop grows to be a lump, then a clot, then an infant, then a youth and then an old man. Wonderful are the ways of God in creation, and the love with which He guides His creatures’ destinies and gives them the means by which to strive for maturity by ordered steps and reach the end most fitted for their natures. God’s grace flows freely. His blessings are infinitely more than what the merits of man can ever deserve. Continue reading