An exposition of the sunna prayers not directly related to the obligatory prayers
Answered by Sidi Fadi Qutub Zada
In the name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate.
All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds.
And all blessings and peace to our Master Muhammad, his family, and companions
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) related from Allah Most High that He said,
“… And my servant continues to draw closer to me by voluntary actions until I love him…” [Bukhari]
There are ten main voluntary prayers not directly related to the obligatory prayers.
The Salutation of the Mosque Prayer (Tahiyyat al-Masjid)
On the authority of Abu Qatada (Allah be pleased with him) he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: ‘If any of you enters the Mosque, let him not sit until he prays two rakats.'” [Bukhari & Muslim]
And on the authority of Abu Dhar (Allah be pleased with him) he said, “I entered the mosque, and there was the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) sitting alone, so he said: ‘Oh Abu Dhar, Truly the mosque has a greeting, and indeed its greeting is two rakats, so stand up and pray them.'”[Reported by Ibn Hiban in his Sahih]
Ibn Abidin explains in his commentary Radd al-Muhtar on al-Durr al-Mukhtar that, “What’s intended by it (i.e. greeting the mosque) is drawing nearer to Allah not to the mosque, because a man if he enters the house of a king greets the king not his house.” [Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar, 1:456] Continue reading