Yajooj And Majooj (Gog And Magog)

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

After ‘Eesa ibn Maryam kills the Dajjaal, Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) will come out. And through the blessings of ‘Eesa’s supplications, Allah will then destroy them in a single night. Allah it said:

“Until when Yajooj and Maim] (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly stare in horror. (They will say): “Woe to us! We were indeed heedless of this; nay, but we were Zalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.). “Qur’an 21:96-97.

And Allah said regarding the story of Thil-Qarnain:

“Then he followed (another way), until, when he reached between two mountains, he found, before (near) them (those two mountains), a people who scarcely understood a word. They said: “O Dhul-Qarnain! Verily! Yalu] and Majuj (Gog and Magog) are doing great mischief in the land. Shall we then pay you a tribute in order that you might erect a barrier between us and them?” He said: “That (wealth, authority, and power) in which my Lord had established me is better (than your tribute). So help me with strength (of men). I will erect between you and them a barrier.”

“Give me pieces (blocks) of iron,” then, when he had filled up the gap between the two mountain-cliffs, he said: “Blow,” till when he had made it (red as) fire, he said: “Bring me molten copper to pour over it.” So they (Yajuj and Majuj (Gag and Magog)) were made powerless to scale it or dig through it. (Dhul-Qarnain) said: “This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the Promise of my Lord comes, He shall level it down to the ground. And the Promise of my Lord is ever true.” And on that Day (i.e. the Day Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog) will come out), We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another, and the Trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together.” Qur’an 18: 85-99.

In the Tafseer of the story of Dhul-Qarnain – that he built the barrier from iron and copper between two mountains – we mentioned that Dhul-Qarnain said, “This is a mercy from my Lord — that through the barrier, this people who spread corruption in the earth are separated from the people.” “But when the Promise of my Lord comes”. this is referring to the time when the barrier will be destroyed and leveled down to the ground. “And the Promise of my Lord is ever true”: i.e., this matter must come to pass. And at that time, Allah “shall leave them to surge like waves on one another.” And then they will go forth among the people, traveling quickly through every mound. After that time, the trumpet will be blown. In another Verse, Allah said:

“Until, when Ya’jooj and Majuj (Gag and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly stare in horror ‘ Qur’an 21:96, 97. Continue reading

Eesa Ibn Maryam

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

The Messenger of Allah ‘Eesa Ibn Maryam Will Descend From The Heaven Of The Earth To The Earth At The End Of Time

Allah said:

“And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah,” . but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of ‘Eesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). But Allah raised him (‘Eesa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise” Qur’an 4:157,158

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159

Regarding “before his death” in this last Verse, Ibn Jareer related in his Tafseer that Ibn ‘Abbaas) said, “Before the death of ‘Eesa Ibn Maryam.” The chain of this narration is authentic.

Did ‘Eesa Die Or Was He Raised Alive To The Sky?

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159

Regarding this verse, Abu Maalik said that it is referring to when ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend and that he is now alive with Allah When he will descend, all will believe in him. Ibn Jareer related this. Ibn Abee Haatim related that a man asked Al-Hasan about this Verse:

“And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his death” Qur’an 4:159.

Al-Hasan said, “Before the death of ‘Eesa, Allah raised ‘Eesa to Him and He it will send him (back) before the Day of Resurrection, in a situation wherein both the righteous one and the wicked one will believe in him.” Qataadah ibn Du’aamah, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Yazeed Ibn Aslam, and others have said the same, which is also established in Bukhaaree and Muslim from Abu Hurairah. As we will mention, one narration is Matiqoof (i.e. Abu Hurairah said it) and another is Marfoo’ (i.e., Abu Hurairah related it from the Prophet A). And Allah’ knows best.

The point is that ‘Eesa ill is alive now in the heavens, and he was not, as the People of the Book claim, crucified; instead, Allah it raised Mm to Him. Before the Day of Resurrection, ‘Eesa will descend from the sky; such is related in Mutawaatir Hadeeth narrations, both in the Ahaadeeth we related regarding the Dajjaal and the Ahaadeeth we will mention shortly. We seek help from Allah and depend upon Him alone. There is neither might nor power except with Allah, the Most-Powerful, the All-Wise, the Most High,the All-Mighty. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Lord of the Noble ‘Arsh (Throne).

It is related from Ibn ‘Abbaas and others that the antecedent of the pronoun in “before his death” is every individual from the People of the Book; if this is authentically narrated from him, then it is contrary to what we have said. But in actuality, the correct meaning and chain of narration is what we have previously mentioned, and what we have explained in sufficient detail in the Book of Tafseer. All praise is for Allah, and all favors and blessings are from Him. Continue reading

Who are Ahl Al Bayt

Q. A brother asked me about who exactly are the ahl al-bait, because all he knows is that when he hears ahl al-bait, he thinks the 12 imams. Is it just from Fatimah, or more than just from her…like Ibn Abbas?

Note to begin that Ahl and Al are the same in meaning. However, Ibn Manzur said in Lisan al-`arab, Al is nobler in usage. Note that in Arabic a man’s “bayt” denotes his wife, and that is also one of the meanings of a man’s “ahl.” See Lisan al-`arab under both entries, where it is also said that “Al” means “ahl” in all the senses of “family,” relatives,” and “wives.”

The following terms all have the same meaning:

a) Ahl al-Bayt = People of the House
b) Al al-Nabi (s) = Family of the Prophet; the Umma
c) Al Bayt al-Nabi (s) = Family of the House of the Prophet
d) `Itrat al-Nabi = [People of the] Mantle of the Prophet

However, in common usage, (a) and (d) have a more restrictive meaning, coinciding with (I) below, whereas (b) and (c) is more inclusive, usually coincide with (I), (II), and (III). The term “Al” (b) is the most inclusive of all, since Nawawi reports among its meanings: “All of the Community.” See his Tahdhib al-asma’ wa al-lughat as well as his Tahrir al-tanbih under the entry “Al.”

The People of the House of the Prophet are those for whom it is unlawful to receive zakat and whom the Prophet ordered all Muslims to respect, honor, and follow. They are:

I. `Ali, Fatima, Hasan, and Husayn (in addition to their descendants: Muhassan, Zaynab, and Umm Kulthum [other children of `Ali and Fatima]; among the children of al-Hasan: Zayd, al-Qasim, Abu Bakr, `Abd Allah, `Umar, al-Hasan, `Abd al-Rahman, al-Husayn, `Amr, Muhammad, Ya`qub, Ja`far, Hamza, and Talha; among the children of al-Husayn: Abu Bakr, `Abd Allah, `Ali al-Kabir, `Ali Zayn al-`Abidin, `Umar, Fatima, Sukayna, Zaynab al-Sughra, and Umm Kulthum al-Sughra). Continue reading

Various Ahaadeeth About The Dajjaal

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

The Hadeeth Of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq

Once, when Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq recovered from a sickness, he went out to the people, apologized for something, and then said, “Our intention was only for good.” He then said, “The Messenger of Allah related to us that, ‘the Dajjaal will come out in the land of the East; it is called Khurasaan. A group of people, who have faces like shields, will follow him.— (Ahmad) Ibn Maajah and At- Tirmidhee related it from Rooh ibn ‘Ubaadah, and At-Tirmidhee said, “Hasan Saheeh.”

The Hadeeth Of ‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib

‘Alee said, “We mentioned the Dajjaal in the presence of the Prophet he was sleeping. He woke up, red in color, and he said, “Other than that do I fear more upon you.” (Ahmad)

The Hadeeth Of Sa’ad Ibn Abee Waqqaas

Sa’ad related from Maalik from his father from his father, that the Messenger of Allah said, “Every single Prophet described the Dajjaal to his nation, and I will describe a quality of his that no one before me has described (regarding him). He is indeed one-eyed, and Allah ‘Azza wa-Jall (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) is not one-eyed.” (Ahmad)

The Hadeeth Of Abu ‘Ubaidah Ibn Al-Jarraah

Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al-Jarraah related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Indeed, there was never a Prophet except that he warned his people about the Dajjaal, and I am warning you about him.” Abu ‘Ubaidah said, “The Messenger of Allah, then described him for us and said, ‘Perhaps some who see (me) and hear my speech will reach him (i.e., will be alive when he comes out). —The Companions. said, “O Messenger of Allah, how will our hearts be at that time?” He said, “The same – as today – or better.” It is related by At-Tirmidhee, who said that it is Hasan. Abu Daawood related it as well, and Ahmad related a part of it.

The Hadeeth Of Ubai Ibn Ka’ab

‘Abdullah Ibn Khabbaab listened to Ubai Ibn Ka’ab as he was relating from the Messenger of Allah When the Dajjaal was mentioned in his presence, he said, “It is as if one of his two eyes is glass. And seek refuge in Allah from the punishment of the grave.” (Ahmad)

The Hadeeth Of Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree

Abu Sa’eed related that the Messenger of Allah said, “I am indeed the Seal of 1000 or more (Prophets). No followed Prophet was sent except that he warned his nation about the Dajjaal, and a matter has indeed been made clear to me, which has not hitherto been made clear to anyone. He is one-eyed and indeed your Lord is not one-eyed. It is his right eye that is ‘Aouraa (defected); it is not concealed but rather protrudes abnormally, as if it is phlegm on a plastered wall. And his left eye is like a glistening star. With him is every language and with him is a picture of Paradise, with greenery; and in it water flows; and (with him is) a picture of the Fire, black and giving off smoke.” (Ahmad) Continue reading

More Ahaadeeth About The Dajjaal

Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations

By Ibn Katheer

Some Narrations Concerning Ibn Sayyaad

Once, ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab and a small group went with the Messenger of Allah to Ibn Sayyaad; he found him to be playing with children beside the high structure of Banee Mughaalah. At the time, Ibn Sayyaad was at the age of puberty. He didn’t sense (their approach) until the Messenger of Allah struck his back with his hand. Then the Messenger of Allah said to Ibn Sayyaad, “Do you bear witness that I am indeed the Messenger of Allah Ibn Sayyaad stared and then said, “I bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of the illiterate ones. Do you bear witness that I am indeed the Messenger of Allah The Messenger of Allah said, “I believe in Allah and His Messengers.”

The Messenger of Allah then said to him, “What do you see?” Ibn Sayyaad said, “A truthful one and a liar come to me.” The Messenger of Allah said, “The matter has become mixed up to you.” The Messenger of Allah then said to him, “Indeed, I have hidden a concealed matter for you.” Ibn Sayyaad said, “It is Rukkh. [And in the narration of Muslim, he said, “Dukkh.” The Prophet concealed from him the verse about one of the signs of the Hour, Dukkhaan, or smoke. Because Ibn Sayyaad was no different from a soothsayer in that he received his words from devils, all that the devils were able to tell him from the Verse was a piece of a word, “Dukkh.” Since soothsayers are known to speak in broken syllables (because that is what they receive from the devils), the Prophets knew his situation.] ” The Messenger of Allah said, “Sit you down in ignominy, for you will not go beyond your position (i.e., you will not go beyond the level of being a mere soothsayer).”

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab said, “Order me, O Messenger of Allah, I will strike his neck.” The Messenger of Allah said, “If it is he (i.e. the Dajjaal), you will not be allowed to overcome him. And if it is not he, then there is no good in killing him.” Saalim ibn ‘Abdullah said that he heard ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar say, “Later on, the Messenger of Allah and Ubai Ibn Ka’ab went toward the date-trees among which Ibn Sayyaad was situated.

The Messenger of Allah entered the (cluster of) trees and he began to conceal himself at the root of a tree, trying to catch Ibn Sayyaad off guard so that he could hear something from him before Ibn Sayyaad would see him. The Messenger of Allah saw him to be lying down on a bed, wearing a coarse garment, from which a mumbling, incoherent speech could be heard. The mother of Ibn Sayyaad saw the Messenger of Allah as he was concealing himself behind the roots of trees. She said to Ibn Sayyaad, ‘O Saafee— it was the name of Ibn Sayyaad — this is Muhammad.’ And Ibn Sayyaad sprung up. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘had she left him as he was, he would have made matters clear (about himself and his situation).”‘ Saalim then related that ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah then stood before the people he praised Allah with (praises) that are suitable to His (Greatness and Majesty). He a then mentioned the Dajjaal, saying, ‘Indeed I am warning you. There was no Prophet except that he warned his people (about Ad-Dajjaal). Verily, Noah it warned his people about him, but I will say to you something about him that no Prophet said to his people — know that he is one-eyed, and that indeed, Allah is not one-eyed.” (Muslim)

Ibn Shihaab related from ‘Umar ibn Ath-Thaabit Al-Ansaaree that some of the Prophet’s Companions informed him that, “One day, the Messenger of Allah warned the people about the Dajjaal, saying, ‘Indeed, Kaafir is written between his eyes. Everyone who hates his deeds will read it or every believer will read it.’ And he said, ‘Learn that not a single one from you will see his Lord until he dies.’ ” Continue reading