Book Pertaining To The Turmoil And Portents Of The Last Hour – Sahih Muslim

KITAB AL-FITAN WA ASHRAT AS-SA’AH

Chapter 1 :

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Book 41, Number 6881:

Zainab bint Jahsh reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) got up from sleep saying: There is no god but Allah; there is a destruction in store for Arabia because of turmoil which is at hand, the barrier of Gog and Magog has opened so much. And Sufyan made a sign of ten with the help of his hand (in order to indicate the width of the gap) and I said: Allah’s Messenger, would we be perished in spite of the fact that there would be good people amongst us? Thereupon he said: Of course, but only when the evil predominates.

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Book 41, Number 6882:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zainab bint Jahsh with a slight variation in the chain of transmitters.

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Book 41, Number 6883:

Zainab bint Jahsh, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported that one day Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came out in a state of excitement with his face quite red. And he was saying: There is no god but Allah; there is a destruction in store for Arabia beciuse of the turmoil which is near at hand as the barrier of Gog and Magog has been opened like it, and he (in order to explain it) made a ring with the help o his thumb and forefinger. I said: Allah’s Messenger, would we be destroyed despite the fact that there would be pious people amongst us ? He said: Yes, when the evil would predominate.

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Book 41, Number 6884:

This hadith has been narrated oil the authority of Zuhri with a different chain of transmitters.

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Book 41, Number 6885:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Today the wall (barrier) of Gog and Magog has been opened so much, and WUhaib (in order to explain it) made the figure of ninety with the help of his hand.

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Chapter 2 : THE SINKING OF AN ARMY IN THE EARTH WHICH WOULD ATTACK THE HOUSE

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Book 41, Number 6:

Harith b Abi Rabi’a and ‘Abdullah b. Safwan both went to Umm Salama, the Mother of the Faithful, and they asked her about the army which would be sunk in the earth, and this relates to the time when Ibn Zubair (was the governor of Mecca). She reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had said that a seeker of refuge would seek refuge in the Sacred House and an army would be sent to him (in order to kill him) and when it would enter a plain ground, it would be made to sink. I said: Allah’s Messenger, what about him who would be made to accompany this army willy nilly? Thereupon he said: He would be made to sink along with them buf he would be raised on the Day of Resurrection on the basis of his intention. Abu Ja’far said.’ This plain,ground means the plain ground of Medina. Continue reading

Book of Trials – Sahih Bukhari

Translated By Aisha Bewley

I. What has come in the words of Allah Almighty, “Be fearful of trials which aill not afflict solely those among you who do wrong.” (8:25) and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, warning about trials

6641. Ibn Abi Mulayka reported from Asma’ that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I will be at my Basin waiting for those who come to me. Some people will be taken away from me and I will say, ‘My community!’ He will say, “You do not know. They reverted in apostasy.'”

Ibn Abi Mulayka said, “O Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning back on our heels and from being tempted.”

6642. Abu Wa’il related from ‘Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I will be your forerunner to the Basin. Some men from among you will be brought before me and when I want to hand them water, they will be wrested away from me. I say, ‘O Lord, my Companions!’ He will say, ‘You do not know what they innovated after you.'”

6643. Abu Hazim reported that he heard Sahl ibn Sa’d say that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “I will be your forerunner to the Basin. Whoever comes to it will drink from it. Whoever drinks from it will never be thirsty again. Some people will come to me whom I will recognise and they will recognise me but then a barrier will be put up between me and them.”

Abu Hazim said, “An-Nu’man ibn Abi ‘Ayyash heard me when I was reporting this. He asked, ‘Is that how you heard it from Sahl?’ ‘Yes,’ I replied. He said, ‘I was present with Abu Sa’id al-Khudri and I heard him add to it, “They are from me.” It will be said, ‘You do not know what they changed after you.’ I will say, ‘Far away! Far away with those who changed after me!'”‘”

II. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “You will see things which you disapprove of after me.”

‘Abdullah ibn Zayd said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Remain steadfast until you meet me at the Basin.”

6644. Zayd ibn Wahb said, “I heard ‘Abdullah say, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘After me you will encounter self-seeking and things you disapprove of.’ They asked, ‘What do you command us to do, Messenger of Allah?’ He replied, ‘Give them their rights and ask Allah for your right.'”

6645. Abu Raja’ related from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If someone dislikes what his ruler does, he should be patient. Anyone who separates himself from the ruler even a hand’s breadth will die the death of the Jahiliyya.”

6646. Abu Raja’ al-‘Utaridi said, “I heard from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If someone sees something in his amir which he dislikes, he should be patient. Anyone who separates from the Community a hand’s breadth and dies will only die the death of the Jahiliyya.”

6647. Busr ibn Sa’id related that Junada ibn Abi Umayya said, We visited ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit while he was ill and said, ‘May Allah restore you. Tell a hadith by which Allah will benefit you which you heard from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.’ He said, ‘The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned us and we gave allegiance to him.’ He added, ‘Part of that which he stipulated for us is that we gave allegiance to hear and obey when we were busy and in matters which we disliked and in both difficulty and ease, evn if our rights were not given to us, and not to contend with people for power unless we saw open disbelief which we would have as evidence with Allah.'”

6648. Anas ibn Malik related from Usayd ibn Hudayr that a man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “Messenger of Allah, you appointed so-and-so to an office and did not appoint me.” He said, “After me you will see self-seeking. Remain steadfast until you meet me.”

III. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “The destruction of my community will occur at the hands of some foolish young men.”

6649. ‘Amr ibn Sa’id said, “My grandfather told me, ‘I was sitting with Abu Hurayra in the mosque of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Madina while Marwan was with him. Abu Hurayra said, “I heard the truthful and trusted one say, ‘The destruction of my Community will occur at the hands of some young men of Quraysh.'” Marwan said, ‘May the curse of Allah be on them, those youths.’ Abu Hurayra said, “If I had wished, I could have said, ‘The Banu so-and-so and the Banu so-and-so, I would have done so.'”‘ I used to go with my grandfather to the Banu Marwan when they controlled Syria. When he saw that they were young men, he said to us, ‘Perhaps these are among them?’ We replied, ‘You know best.'”

IV. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Woe to the Arabs on account of an evil which has drawn near.”

6650. Zaynab bint Umm Salama related from Umm Habiba that Zaynab ibn Jahsh said, “The Prophet woke up from sleep and his face was red. He was saying, ‘ There is no god but Allah. Woe to the Arabs from an evil which is drawing near! An opening has been made in the wall of Ya’juj and Ma’juj like this,” and Sufyan made a circle with his thumb and forefinger for ninety or a hundred. It was asked, “O Messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed when the righteous are among us?” He said, “Yes, if there is a lot of wickedness. ”

6651. ‘Urwa related that Usama ibn Zayd said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked out from one of the fortresses of Madina and said, ‘Do you see what I see?’ ‘No,’ they replied. He said, ‘I see afflictions falling on your houses like drops of rain.'” Continue reading

Fiqh of The Sunna (Nafl) Prayers

An exposition of the sunna prayers not directly related to the obligatory prayers

Answered by Sidi Fadi Qutub Zada

In the name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate.

All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds.

And all blessings and peace to our Master Muhammad, his family, and companions

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) related from Allah Most High that He said,

“… And my servant continues to draw closer to me by voluntary actions until I love him…” [Bukhari]

There are ten main voluntary prayers not directly related to the obligatory prayers.

The Salutation of the Mosque Prayer (Tahiyyat al-Masjid)

On the authority of Abu Qatada (Allah be pleased with him) he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: ‘If any of you enters the Mosque, let him not sit until he prays two rakats.'” [Bukhari & Muslim]

And on the authority of Abu Dhar (Allah be pleased with him) he said, “I entered the mosque, and there was the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) sitting alone, so he said: ‘Oh Abu Dhar, Truly the mosque has a greeting, and indeed its greeting is two rakats, so stand up and pray them.'”[Reported by Ibn Hiban in his Sahih]

Ibn Abidin explains in his commentary Radd al-Muhtar on al-Durr al-Mukhtar that, “What’s intended by it (i.e. greeting the mosque) is drawing nearer to Allah not to the mosque, because a man if he enters the house of a king greets the king not his house.” [Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar, 1:456] Continue reading

The Fiqh of Sending Peace and Blessings on the Prophet

( Allah bless him with the best of blessings and give him the most perfect of peace)

Answered by Shaykh Sohail Hanif, SunniPath Academy Teacher

In the name of Allah, the inspirer of truth. All praise is to Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate, and all blessings and peace to our Master Muhammad, his family, companions, and those who follow them.

Allah most high says “Allah and his angels send blessings on the prophet, o you who believe, send blessings on him and salute him with all respect.” [Qur’an, 33:56]

The messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said “the one in whose presence I am mentioned and does not send blessings on me is a miser.” [reported by Tirmidhi, who declared it well and rigorously authenticated]. The meaning of sending blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)

The great 19thCentury Shaykh al-Azhar, Imam Bajuri mentions in his supercommentary (hashiya) on the Sanusiyyain aqida,

“There are three meanings for salat (‘sending blessings’):

The first is purely linguistic and it is prayer (du`a) in it’s most general sense.

The second is purely legal and it is the spoken elements and physical actions that start with the saying Allahu Akbar(‘Allah is most great’) and ends with the greetings of peace (taslim), with specific preconditions. [f: Namely, the ritual prayer.]

The third is both linguistic and legal. According to the majority, it is mercy when attributed to Allah; and seeking forgiveness (istighfar) when attributed to any other than Him, whether angels and others…

As for the word ‘salam’, it’s meaning is security. The purpose of this is to reassuring the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) about what he fears for his nation…Some have explained it as greeting, meaning, when attributed to Allah, that He address him with His beginninglessly eternal speech to indicate the loftiness of his immense rank.” [Ibrahim al-Bajuri, Hashiya al-Bajuri `ala al-Sanusiyya, pg 7, Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi] Continue reading

The Fiqh of Right and Wrong: How to command the good and forbid the wrong

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question:

If one is teaching a classroom filled with male and female youths that belong to Muslim parents, it would be permissible to teach them, regardless if one or two of them were adults but not wearing hijab?

Answer:

Walaikum assalam,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

This follows the ruling of commanding the good and forbidding the wrong. The essential purpose of commanding the good and forbidding the evil is to increase the good, and reduce wrong.

As such, it must be done after clear thinking and proper assessment of the situation, and possible outcomes. Until reasonably sure that one’s words or actions will be of benefit (the least of which would be to affirm the truth, even if it is not heeded), and bereft of harm, one should not act. The scholars deduce this from the Prophet’s words (Allah bless him and give him peace), “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him say what is good or remain silent.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Imam Nawawi (Allah have mercy on him) said,

“Every legally responsible person should refrain from saying anything except when there is a clear advantage to speaking. Whenever speaking and not speaking are of equal benefit, it is sunna to remain silent, for permissible speech easily leads to that which is unlawful or offensive, as actually happens much or even most of the time – and there is no substitute for safety. The Prophet (Allah) bless him and give him peace) said,

“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him say what is good or remain silent.”

This hadith, whose authenticity Bukhari and Muslim concur upon, is an explicit legal text indicating that a person should not speak unless what he intends to say is good, meaning that the benefit of it is apparent to him. Whenever one doubts that there is a clear advantage, one should not speak. Imam Shafi`i (Allah have mercy on him) said, “When one wishes to speak, one must first reflect, and if there is a clear interest to be served by speaking, one speaks, while if one doubts it, one remains silent until the advantage becomes apparent.” [Nawawi, al-Adhkar, as translated by Shaykh Nuh Keller, Reliance of the Traveller, r.1.1] Continue reading