بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
The language and rhythm of this surah is unique, Allah begins verse 33 with a short question “Have you then seen him who turns his back?” and follows this with a number of phrases begining with “And”. Here Allah is both setting the style and pacing of the verses to come and does this for almost the remainder of the surah, if we look at how this was done in the previous verses (33-41) it becomes clear why, towards the end of this pattern;
- 53:33 Have you then seen him who turns his back?
- 53:34 And gives a little and (then) withholds.
- 53:35 Has he the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see?
- 53:36 Or, has he not been informed of what is in the scriptures of Musa?
- 53:37 And (of) Ibrahim who fulfilled (the commandments):
- 53:38 That no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another-
- 53:39 And that man shall have nothing but what he strives for-
- 53:40 And that his striving shall soon be seen-
- 53:41 Then shall he be rewarded for it with the fullest reward-
By using this language, which is more apparent in Arabic, Allah is more clearly coupling subjects in the verses together over an extended number of verses, elsewhere in the Quran this is usually done within a verse by simply mentioning things side by side.
It then shouldn’t be a surprise how Allah continues the next verses…
- 53:42 And that to your Lord is the goal,
- 53:43 And He it is, Who makes you laugh and cry.
- 53:44 And that He it is Who causes death and gives life (creates in the next life)
- 53:45 And that He created the two spouses, the male and female,
- 53:46 From a drop (of sperm) if it gets lodged (in the womb),
- 53:47 And that upon Him is your last creation (resurrection).
- 53:48 And that it is He alone who frees from want and causes to possess;
- 53:49 And that He is the Lord of Sirius (the star);
- 53:50 And that He did destroy the Ad of old
- 53:51 And Samood, so He spared not
- 53:52 And the folk of Noah before, Truly they were more unjust and more rebellious;
- 53:53 And the overthrown cities did He overthrow, (Sodom and Gomorrah)
- 53:54 So there covered them (in rubble) that which covered.
- 53:55 So which of your Lord’s benefits will you then dispute about?
To your Lord is the return of all created beings after they die and their destination will be to Him in the Hereafter; and it is He Who makes you laugh, whomever He will He makes joyous, and makes you weep, whomever He will He makes him sorrowful, and it is He Who brings death, in this world, and gives life, for resurrection, and He [Himself] creates the two spouses, the two kinds, the male and the female, from a drop [of semen] once it is emitted, [once] it is poured forth into the womb, and that with Him rests the second genesis, the other creation, for the Resurrection, after the first creation. Continue reading
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Allah continues…“Have you then seen him who turns his back? And gives a little and (then) withholds.” (53:33-34)
Allah then brings an example to the pagans from among themselves, Mujahid and Ibn Zayd said: “This was revealed about al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah. The latter had followed the religion of the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. But one of the idolaters reviled him for it, saying: ‘Why did you leave the religion of the elders whom you claimed were in error and are abiding in hellfire?’ He said: ‘I feared Allah’s chastisement’. The man gave him assurances that he will bear in his stead the chastisement of Allah, glorious and majestic is He, in exchange for some of his wealth and on condition that he reverts to his idolatry. Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah gave the man some of what they had agreed but then felt miserly and refused to give him the rest. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed this verse”. (Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi)
This is an example of a man from among them who was blind to the Laws governing the unseen, making deals about his afterlife from pure guess work, just as Allah pointed out to them earlier that they were making guesses about their idols, so this is meant to illustrate to them their own actions.
Allah continues…“Has he the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see? Or, has he not been informed of what is in the scriptures of Musa? And (of) Ibrahim who fulfilled (the commandments)”.(53:35-36)
Allah then questions if He has any knowledge of the unseen, the question is really a challenge to the pagans because the prophet (saws) who they were accusing did have knowledge of the Laws governing the unseen and their lives. Allah then reminds them that they were informed about what the scripture of Musa (as) and Abraham (as) said.
“(And Abraham who paid his debt) i.e. he conveyed the message of his Lord and acted upon that which Allah had commanded him; it is also said that this means: he did as he was told in his dream vision”(Tanwir al Miqbas min Tafsir ibn Abbas, 53:37)
Allah then points out the Laws most relevant to their actions… “That no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another. And that man shall have nothing but what he strives for. And that his striving shall soon be seen. Then shall he be rewarded for it with the fullest reward”(53:38-41) Continue reading
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Allah continues, “Have you then considered al Lat and Uzza, And Manat, the third, the last? What! for you (pagans) the males and for Him (Allah) the females! (A reference to the Angles) This indeed is an unjust division! They are naught but names (for your idols) which you have named, you and your fathers; Allah has not sent for them any authority. They follow naught but conjecture and the low desires which (their) souls incline to; and certainly the guidance has come to them from their Lord. Or shall man have what he wishes? Nay! for Allah is the hereafter and the former (life).” (53:19-25)
“It was said that the verse means: do you deem that your worship of (the idols) al-Lat, al-‘Uzza and Manat in the life of the world will benefit you in the Hereafter. No, it will surely not benefit you. As for al-Lat it was an idol which was worshipped in Thaqif (by that tribe); al-‘Uzza was a tree in Batn al-Nakhlah which (the tribe of) Ghatafan worshipped; while Manat was an idol in Mecca which was worshipped beside Allah by (the tribes) Hudhayl and Khuza’ah.” (Tanwir al Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn Abbas, 53:20)
Allah switches the subject from highest state a person can achieve “Certainly he saw of the greatest signs of his Lord” to the lowest state of humanity that the pagans of Makkah were involved in, worshiping their idols, “Have you then considered Lat and Uzza, And Manat, the third, the last?”.
After establishing the prophets ability to receive revelation He now questions the pagans themselves and the lives they are living which was stopping them from comprehending.
If a person physically trains everyday his increased health gives him clarity in his self, if he is lethargic then his unhealthy state shapes his mind, character and heart in a bad way, in a similar way our moral or immoral actions shape who we are from the physiological level to the psychological and spiritual level, so Allah wants to point out this contrast between perfection and corruption to the pagans by switching the subject to them.
“The meaning then is, ‘Inform Me: do these idols have the power over anything, such that you worship them besides Allah Who has the power over all that has been mentioned?’ And because of their assertion also that the angels were Allah’s daughters, despite their aversion to daughters, the following was revealed: What! for you (pagans) the males and for Him (Allah) the females!” (Tafsir al Jalalayn, 53:20).
Allah begins the questioning of the pagans by mentioning the unjust reality they are painting against Him, He says to them ‘you worship Idols that have no power and relegate Allah to something that is unacceptable in your society’, since they hated the birth of females, How could you have a clear perspective of the truth when you bury it behind stories that push it away.
So Allah then accuses them of being unbalanced “This indeed is an unjust division!” because being unjust is a result of being unbalanced and that is the subtext of the surah, comparing the prophets (saws) inner nature to the pagans who are deluded by their made up religion.
Allah continues…“They are naught but names (for your idols) which you have named, you and your fathers; Allah has not sent for them any authority. They follow naught but conjecture and the low desires which (their) souls incline to; and certainly the guidance has come to them from their Lord.”(52:23)
Allah ties everything He is accusing them of back to mans nature by saying to them you only worship them because you follow your low desires “they worship them because they follow their own desires.” (Tafsir ibn Abbas) they accuse the prophet (saws) of not being capable of receiving revelation and seeing the unseen clearly all the while they worship stones and wood as their gods, so then how can you claim you see clearly when you can’t see beyond these pieces of stone and wood you say are your gods. Continue reading
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Table Of Contents
- The People Which The Hour Will Come Upon
- Notes On Different Topics
- The Complete List Of Ahadith In Bukhari
- The Ahadith In The Sunan Of Abu Dawud
Ya Allah, send prayers and salutations on Muhammad, his family, and his Companions.
“What are the disbelievers waiting for, other than the Hour which will come upon them unawares? Its signs are already here, but once the Hour has actually arrived, what use will it be then to take heed?” (47:18)
“Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away.” (Al-Anbiya’ 21:1)
“It is He who raised a messenger, among the people who had no Scripture, to recite His revelations (ayatihee, signs of the hour) to them, to make them grow spiritually and teach them the Scripture and wisdom, before that they were clearly astray”(62:2)
The Prophet (saws) said, whilst pointing with his index and middle fingers, “The time of my advent and the Hour are like these two fingers.”
In our book “The Syrian Uprising and Signs Of The Hour” we have chronologically arranged the Ahadith about the signs of the hour into the order the prophet (saws) said these events would occur in, what emerged from that effort is the fact that the prophet (saws) indeed foretold of all the events from his time to ours, one after the other, and because all the events can be placed in an order we can also know what will occur next and where we are in that order of events.
It is very clear then that we are now living in the time just before the major wars begin, their starting point is the Syrian civil war we see today, and then the Egyptian and North African wars with Europe will soon follow.
Hudhayfah (ra) said: “The Prophet stood up one day to speak to us, and told us everything that was going to happen until the Hour, and left nothing unsaid. Some of the listeners learnt it by heart, and some forgot it; these friends of mine learnt it. I do not remember it completely, but sometimes it springs to mind, just as one might remember and recognize the face of a man whom one had forgotten, when one sees him.” (Abu Dawud, Muslim)
Because we can place all the ahadtih on a timeline we can place names and years for when the events occur, which all leads to one question when will the end come. For muslims there are two “ends” they are waiting for in life, the hour itself and the end of Islam on earth before that time.
Abdullah bin Amr reported that a person came to him and said, “What is this Hadith that you narrate that the Last Hour would come at such and such time?” Thereupon he said, “Hallowed be Allah, there is no god but Allah (or the words to the same effect). I have decided that I would not narrate anything to anyone now. I had only said that you would see after some time an important event that the (sacred) House (Ka’ba) would be burnt and it would happen and definitely happen.” He then reported that Allah’s Messenger said: The Dajjal will appear in my Ummah and he will stay (in the world) for forty — I cannot say whether he meant forty days, forty months or forty years. Allah will then send Isa (a.s), son of Mary, who will resemble Urwah ibn Mas’ud. He (Isa (a.s) Christ) will chase him and kill him, (Isa will then live for 40 years and die). Then people will live for (a further) seven years, during which time there will be no rancor between any two persons. After that Allah will send a cold wind from the direction of Syria. None will survive on Earth, having a speck of good in him or faith in him: he will die. Even if some among you were to enter the innermost part of the mountain, this wind would reach that place also and cause your death. I heard Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) as saying: Only the wicked people will survive and they will be as careless as birds with the characteristics of beasts. They will never appreciate good nor condemn evil. (Muslim, Book 40, No.7023) Continue reading