- ~ What is a Madhhab? Why is it necessary to follow one?
- ~ Unity Through Schools of Thoughts
- ~ In the Spirit of Tradition
- ~ Shariah: The Clear Path
- ~ Shaykh Murabtal Haaj’s Fatwa on Following One of the Four Accepted Madhhabs
- ~ Understanding Taqleed
- ~ The Issue of Taqlid and Adopting a Madhhab
History of Fiqh – From the Sahabah to the Madhhabs
- ~ Understanding The Four Madhabs (Their place in islamic History)
- ~ Levels of Jurists and the Formulation of Fatawa
- ~ A Historical Narative of the Madhabs – Key elements for the works below
- ~ Conceptualisation and Insight – a precursor to the following sections
ο How we went from the Sahabah to the Madhhabs
→ The Sciences From Which Usul al Fiqh (legal theory) Derived its Academic Basis, Origins and Development of Usul al Fiqh, Methods For Deriving Rulings From the Sources (Quran and Sunnah).
→ The Era of the Great Sahabah, The Time of Abu Bakr al Siddiq ,Special Features of Fiqh in that Period, The Time of ‘Umar Ibn al Khattab, The Time of ‘Uthman Ibn ‘Affan, The Time of ‘Ali Ibn Abu Talib, The Fuqaha’ Among the Sahabah and the Tabi’un.
→ Law after the Tabi’un: The Time of the Mujtahid Imams, Rationalists and Traditionists: Ahl al Hadith and Ahl al Ra’i.
→ The Method of al Imam al Shafi’i in His Book: Al Risalah.
→ Developments in Usul Al Fiqh After al Imam al Shafi’i, The Role of the Followers of Abu Hanifah in the Writing of al Usul, The Methods of the Followers of al Imam al Shafi’i, or the Mutakallimun, and those of the Hanafiyah, The Method of the Hanafi Scholars of al Usul, The Science of Usul al Fiqh During the Sixth Century AH and The Following Period.
ο The Differences of The Imam’s – Why Differences of opinions Exist
→ varying commands for different people and circumstances. A special case is taken as a general order. A general order is taken as a special case. A difference of perception. Intentional action vs coincidence. Words have multiple meanings. Fundamental And Subsidiary Differences. Differences: A Source Of Mercy.
→ Narration by meaning. Abrogation. The problem of human error. Excessive links between narrators. Weak narrators. Fabrication of hadiths. Tampering with sound narrations. Weak hadiths in the later generations.
→ The main reason for the diffeences between the imams. Some principles of hadith. Types of hadiths .The basis of rejection and preference. Assessment of a narrator. Some principles of fiqh: principles of the jurists for the validity of hadiths. The most basic reason for differences. The four schools of fiqh: the opinions of the imams are all from the hadiths. Examples of the multi -faceted methods of inference
ο The Reason For Following a Madhhab – What did the Salaf do
→ The concept of Taqleed in the Quran. Taqleed in the Sunnah.
→ The Need For Following A Particular Imam. The Taqleed Of An Individual. Why The Four Schools Of Thought?
→ The Taqleed Of The Lay Person. The Taqleed Of An Expert Scholar. The Taqleed Of An Absolute Mujtahid.
→ The Following Of Forefathers Is Condemned In The Qur’an. The Condemnation Of Taqleed Of Savants And Sages. The Hadith Of ‘adi Ibn Hatim Ra. The Statement Of Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood Ra. The Statements Of Mujtahid Imams Themselves.
→ Is Taqleed A Defect?. The Taqleed Of An Individual And Following One’s Whims And Fancies. The Taqleed Of An Individual And New Issues.
Principles of Law
- ~ The Office of the Judge – Sunan Abu Dawud
- ~ What is the difference between Usul al Fiqh and al Qawaai’d al Fiqhiyyah?
- ~ The Types of Rulings of the Sacred Law
- ~ Definitions of the Principles of Fiqh (Islamic Law)
- ~ Explaining the Hanafi Classification of Legal Rulings
- ~ Fatwa and Qada’ [sentence] in the Maliki School
- ~ The concept of Bid’a in the Islamic Shari’ah
- ~ Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali’s understanding of Bid’ah
- ~ The Superiority of Fiqh Over Hadith
- ~ Learning from a Teacher & the Importance of Isnad
- ~ Islamic Law and its Jurists
Usul Al Fiqh
Usul al Fiqh (Usul is plural of Asl) the bases or roots of Islamic Law, expound the methods by which Fiqh (detailed Islamic law) is derived from their sources (Quran and Sunnah). In this view, Usul is the methodology (like Ijtihad, Qiyas (analogy) or Ijma (consensus) ) and the Fiqh is the product.
ο Introduction to Usul Al Fiqh
- The Quran – The first Source of Islamic Law
- The Sunnah – The second Source of Islamic Law
- Interpretation – Rules of Interpretation
- Command, Prohibition & Naskh (Abrogation)
- Ijma (Consensus of Opinion)
- Qiyas (Analogical Deduction)
- Revealed laws Prior To Shariah of Islam And Fatwa of Sahaba
- Istihsan (Juristic Preference) and Maslaha (public interest)
- Urf (custom) and Istishab (presumption of existence or non-existence of facts)
- Sadd al Dharai (Blocking the means) and Hukm Sharii (Value of Shariah Rules)
- Taarud (conflict of evidences) and Ijtihad (Inependant legal reasoning)
~ Hanafi Usul
→ The transmission of Hanafi fiqh. The Musnad of Abu Hanifa. Abu Hanifa’s knowledge transmitted by his students. Abu Yusuf. The books of Abu Yusuf. Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ash-Shaybani. Zafar ibn Hudhayl. The place of Abu Hanifa’s fiqh in relation to earlier fiqh. Abu Hanifa and hypothetical fiqh. The fundamental principles on which Abu Hanifa based his fiqh. Abu Hanifa and legal evidence. The Quran. The Sunna. Fatwas of the Companions. Consensus. Analogy. Istihsan (Discretion). Custom (‘urf).
~ Maliki Usul
- The Book of Allah
- The Sunna
- Fatwas of the Companions
- Fatwas of The Followers (Tabi’un)
- Consensus (Ijma’)
- The Practice of the People of Madina
- Analogy (Qiyas)
- The Principle of Istihsan (Discretion)
- The Principle of Istishab (Presumption of Continuity)
- The Principle of al-Masalih al-Mursala (Considerations of Public Interest)
- The Principle of Means (adh-Dhara’i’)
- Customs (‘Adat) and Customary Usage (‘Urf)
- Conclusion, About the Author and People and Texts Mentioned.
~ Hanbali Usul
Qawaid Al Fiqh
Legal maxims (qawa‘id al-kulliyah al-fiqhiyyah) are theoretical abstractions, usually in the form of short epithetical statements, that are expressive, often in a few words, of the goals and objectives of the Shari‘ah. While Usul al Fiqh is the method used, Like Ijtihad and Qiyas, Qwaid are the general rule’s of fiqh which apply to its related branches, for example “a person is presumed innocent until proven guilty”.
- ~ How Allah Expects us to Judge Matters and the Consequences of Zulm (Oppression)
- ~ The Foundations of the Islamic Belief – Imam Al Ghazali
- ~ On the Permissibility of Ruqyah
- ~ Punishment under Islamic Law for Practicing Sihr [Magic]
- ~ The Sin of spying on others
- ~ The Sin of Backbiting in Islam
- ~ Celeberating Eid Milad un Nabi by Imam Suyuti
- ~ The Fiqh of Friday Prayer
- ~ Fiqh of The Sunna (Nafl) Prayers
- ~ Fiqh of The Masjid and Musalla
- ~ The Fiqh of Eid
- ~ The Fiqh of Itikaf (spiritual retreat)
- ~ The Fiqh of Sending Peace & Blessings on the Prophet
- ~ The Fiqh of Travel
- ~ The Fiqh of Menstruation
- ~ The Fiqh of Right and Wrong: How to command the good & forbid the wrong
- ~ The Fiqh of Sports and Games
- ~ The Fiqh of Gambling
ο Mukhtasar al Quduri – A Manual of Hanafi Fiqh
- ~ An Introduction to Islamic Finance
- ~ An Introduction to Buying and Selling in Islam
- ~ Principles of Shariah Governing Islamic Investment Funds
- ~ Forward Sales and Manufacturing Contracts: Salam And Istisna
- ~ Islamic Investments: Shariah Principles Behind Them
- ~ “Fair Trade Commerce for a Better World” at RIS Canada 2011 – Shaykh Hamza Yusuf (Youtube)
- ~ The Majalla – a codification of Islamic commercial law by the Ottoman Caliphate