بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Tafsir Surah al Shams (The Sun): In General each of the objects in space, the sun, the moon and earth, generate there own quantum fields (such as magnetic fields), on top of this each object is affected by gravity and they in turn affect each other through gravity and the quantum fields they create.
The fields in space have a real affect on life here on earth and are needed so we can survive, for example High tide occurs when a body of water is facing the moon above it and the moon is pulling the water toward it with its gravity. High tide also occurs when an ocean is facing directly away from the moon, which is now on the opposite side of the earth, and the moon is pulling the mass of the Earth away from the water towards it.
The Earth itself affects other bodies in space with the fields and forces it creates like they affect us. Our entire planet is enveloped in a giant bubble of magnetism, which springs from the molten dynamo (Lava rotation) in the Earth’s hot core and its rotation in space.
The sun also has an impact on us, the sun creates giant solar winds, “the solar wind is a stream of plasma released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, this wind (made of electrons and protons) streams off of the Sun in all directions at speeds of about 400 km/s (about 1 million miles per hour), it can vary between 800 to 300 km/s.
These wind speed variations buffet the Earth’s giant magnetic field that surrounds it and can produce storms in the Earth’s magnetic bubble”, all creatures on earth can sense the earths magnetic bubble and get their sense of direction from it, it is part of life, so anything that affects it affects us.
“Out in space, the solar wind presses against the earths magnetic bubble and stretches it, creating a long tail in the downwind direction, making the earths magnetic buble look like the tail of a comet. The Earth’s magnetic tail is so great it extends well beyond the orbit of the Moon and once a month, when the Moon is full it orbits through it. This can have consequences on the moon ranging from lunar ‘dust storms’ to electrostatic discharges”.
Researchers have scientifically shown that historically, bursts of human creativity correlate with solar activity. The periods of greatest levels of human flourishing and creativity in science and the arts recorded in history were clearly shown to occur during solar activity (Solar wind) peaks.
Solar Activity was mapped by the Suns solar cycle which lasts for 11 years, in 1610 the first European observations of Sunspots were made, the number of sun spots indicates how much solar activity their is, in simple terms how strong the sun is shinning. From that time continuous daily observations were started at the Zurich Observatory in 1849 and earlier observations have been used to extend the records back to 1610. Monthly averages (updated monthly) of the sunspot numbers show that the number of sunspots visible on the sun increases and decreases with an approximate 11-year cycle, the peak of solar activity by the sun is roughly in the middle of the cycle (and weakest at the start and end of the 11 year period). Solar activity first affects the fields surrounding the earth, the ionosphere (upper regions of the atmosphere) then life on earth through the electromagnetic field that all creatures on earth produce and sense through.
The increase in solar activity in simple terms is an increase in energy which the Lataif (sensitive points) in the human body are receptive to (Issue #5 of the Journal is about the Lataif of Islam, which are similar to acupuncture points in the nervous system), they open the heart to deeper states of perception and creativity (it is clear from ahadith the prophet (saws) knew about the role of energy in the body and mans nervous system and used both, an in depth explanation is given in the journal). It was discovered that this increased solar activity increased creativity and inspiration in humans which was witnessed by the creative endeavors of mankind during the peak period in the suns solar cycle.
All of this is just as Allah mentioned in surah al Shams (91), he inspires man through the suns brightness, the moon as it reflects the sun, the day that reveals the sun’s peak brightness to the world and the night that covers it creating a daily cycle, along with the earths atmosphere created by it’s magnetic bubble which is affected by the sun, as well as the earth and it’s vastness affected by gravity in space.
Allah says: “BY the sun and its radiant brightness, By the moon as it reflects the sun! (It reflects the suns solar activity at night) BY the day as it reveals the (sun to the) world, By the night as it veils it darkly! (The day and night cycle is the period of increased and decreased solar activity) BY the sky and its wondrous make (the atmosphere is created because of the earth’s magnetic field shielding it from the sun and space creating it’s own independent cycles that affect us), By the earth and all its expanse! (The expanse of the earth is affected by gravity, it creates the atmosphere and different weather that exist around the world) BY the Soul (which is made from quantum particles, as all things are), and how it is formed (from these particles) in accordance with what it is meant to be (it is subject to the Laws of physics and because it is quantum, and Allah tied this subject to the previous verses, it is affected by the fields in space and the earth), And inspired it (through the quantum universe, the particles and forces that exist there, all of which are the context of this surah) with what is wrong for it and right for it. To a happy state shall indeed attain he who causes this [self] to grow in purity (human flourishing and creativity is part of this process), and truly lost is he who buries it [in darkness].
TO [THIS] TRUTH (that previous civilizations already knew) gave the lie, in their overweening arrogance, [the tribe of] Thamud”(91:1-11).
“A large variety of animals possess a magnetic sense. Migratory birds use magnetic clues (in addition to light polarization, star signs and position of the sun) to find their way south in fall and north in spring. Salamanders and frogs use the magnetic field for orientation when they have to find the direction of the nearest shore quickly, e.g., when they sense danger”. Many creatures like sharks, bats, homing pigeons have dedicated organs to sense and in reality see with the electromagnetic field.
If one thinks about how magnetic fields can be perceived in principle, three mechanisms immediately come to mind: Mechanical Reception – This is the principle behind a compass needle. A magnetic field exerts a torque on a ferromagnetic material. Electric Induction – Movement in a magnetic field (this can occur because of the sun) will result in an induced electric field. Many creatures can sense and perceive electric and magnetic fields with high accuracy. Man’s body is similar in this way because both the heart and brain produce an electrical and magnetic field, called the electromagnetic field, and these organs are the centers of mans sensory perception.
Chemical Reception – Chemical reactions that involve transitions between different spin states can be influenced by magnetic fields, so that one of the possible products (outcomes) in a chemical reaction is favored due to the influence of the magnetic field. In other words the magnetic field can influence chemical reactions in the body, or rather the body will produce chemical reactions according to the field, and scientists think a chemical compass exists in many animals.
When we consider Quantum Mechanics, which is the physics of particles smaller than an atom, other mechanisms based on the laws of physics can be enumerated such as the coherence of waves, when waves are in sync and pass on information from one to the other, and quantum entanglement, because of this law particles can affect each other over great distances. In the Human Body, our electromagnetic field will interact with other fields around it and our perceptive organs will be influenced by sensing the world around us. Scientist are beginning to realize that human consciousness (the self or nafs) is a state of matter, it is made from matter like a Liquid, Solid or Gas is, but from Quantum particles and like them it is subject to the same laws of physics that govern the rest of the universe.
What we know as consciousness is the result of the bodies interaction with the universe around it on all levels from the subatomic to the physical world, because the brain and our nervous system are a distributed parallel processing system (like a computer CPU with multiple CPU’s), it can compute multiple things at the same time and act on each simultaneously, so consciousness (the self or nafs) is born out of the sum of those interactions in the body, including what it can sense at the quantum level.
Who we are is what our body has recorded from the results and effects of our actions in life, the Prophet (saws) said “Your body has a right over you”(Bukhair), and Allah said on the day of judgment, “This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn.” (36:65) meaning we will be judged according to the different parts of our body, Allah breaks down the human body into it’s various parts and will judge us by them because our self is a result of the various parts of our body. The term earn is unique because it is akin to the term record in this context, how we use our body is how it will be molded and shaped as we age.
It is very significant that it was in Surah al Shams (The Sun) that Allah took one of the most important oaths in the Quran, only less important than the oath He took by the prophets (saws) own soul. The intent of the verses is to consider the things been sworn by in greater detail and how they relate to each other in context to the soul and self, Allah then mentions that this relationship the Tribe of Thamud (7:73) which the Prophet Saleh (saws) was sent to guide, knew of, lied about it, and ignored the reality between the things Allah swore by, consequently they where destroyed because of their evil.
‘Their depth of knowledge regarding the celestial bodies and their effect on humans shouldn’t be surprising since nearly all ancient cultures around the world had an advanced understanding of these celestial bodies and their effects on the human self, this reflected in their religion and the elaborate structures they constructed and left behind in perfect alignment with the celestial bodies that marked their elaborate movements through the sky, meaning they understood how the movement of the stars, sun and moon affected humans on earth and what it meant. Allah in surah al Rahman (55) affirms the influence of the stars on humans, we should keep in mind that when it comes to subatomic particles distance is not an obstacle or relevant, particles can influence each other over great distances in space.
But some took to worshiping these objects in space instead of Allah becouse they saw them as the source of inspiration, power and influence on human life, which Allah condemned because He was their creator and said that through them He inspired the soul (with conscience of) what is wrong for it and (what is) right for it (91:8).
[This tafsir was taken from Issue #5 of The Islamic Journal, as with the tafsir of surah al Rahman it was writen according to the themes of each verse.]