The Office of the Judge – Sunan Abu Dawud

Kitab Al-Aqdiyah

كتاب الأقضية

This is book 25 of Sunan Abi Dawud, containing 71 hadith.

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The Arabic text and reference numbering in this book has been checked to correspond with standard publications to the best of our ability. The numbering below corresponds with Shaykh Muhammad Muhi ad-Din `Abd al-Hameed’s (rahimahullah) numbering scheme. Numbering scheme details

(1)

Chapter: Regarding Seeking Appointment As A Judge

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(1)

باب فِي طَلَبِ الْقَضَاءِ

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: He who has been appointed a judge has been killed without a knife.

حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا فُضَيْلُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أَبِي عَمْرٍو، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ وَلِيَ الْقَضَاءَ فَقَدْ ذُبِحَ بِغَيْرِ سِكِّينٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3571

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3564

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Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: He who has been appointed a judge among the people has been killed without a knife.

حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَخْنَسِيِّ، عَنِ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، وَالأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ جُعِلَ قَاضِيًا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فَقَدْ ذُبِحَ بِغَيْرِ سِكِّينٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3572

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3565

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(2)

Chapter: Regarding The Judge Who Is Mistaken

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(2)

باب فِي الْقَاضِي يُخْطِئُ

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Judges are of three types, one of whom will go to Paradise and two to Hell. The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and gives judgment accordingly; but a man who knows what is right and acts tyrannically in his judgment will go to Hell; and a man who gives judgment for people when he is ignorant will go to Hell.

Abu Dawud said: On this subject this is the soundest tradition, that is, the tradition of Ibn Buraidah: Judges are of three types.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَسَّانَ السَّمْتِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا خَلَفُ بْنُ خَلِيفَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ الْقُضَاةُ ثَلاَثَةٌ وَاحِدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَاثْنَانِ فِي النَّارِ فَأَمَّا الَّذِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَرَجُلٌ عَرَفَ الْحَقَّ فَقَضَى بِهِ وَرَجُلٌ عَرَفَ الْحَقَّ فَجَارَ فِي الْحُكْمِ فَهُوَ فِي النَّارِ وَرَجُلٌ قَضَى لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى جَهْلٍ فَهُوَ فِي النَّارِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ شَىْءٍ فِيهِ يَعْنِي حَدِيثَ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ ‏”‏ الْقُضَاةُ ثَلاَثَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3573

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3566

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Narrated Buraidah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying: “Judges are of three types, one of who will go to Paradise and two to Hell. The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and gives judgement accordingly; by a man who knows what is right and acts tyrannically in his judgement will go to Hell; and a man who gives judgement for people when he is ignorant will go to Hell.”

Abu Dawud said: On this subject this is the soundest tradition, that is m the tradition of Ibn Buraidah: Judges are of three types.

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ مَيْسَرَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ – أَخْبَرَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي قَيْسٍ، مَوْلَى عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا حَكَمَ الْحَاكِمُ فَاجْتَهَدَ فَأَصَابَ فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ وَإِذَا حَكَمَ فَاجْتَهَدَ فَأَخْطَأَ فَلَهُ أَجْرٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَحَدَّثْتُ بِهِ أَبَا بَكْرِ بْنَ حَزْمٍ فَقَالَ هَكَذَا حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3574

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3567

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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: If anyone seeks the office of judge among Muslims till he gets it and his justice prevails over his tyranny, he will go to Paradise; but the man whose tyranny prevails over his justice will go to Hell.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّاسٌ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُلاَزِمُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو، حَدَّثَنِي مُوسَى بْنُ نَجْدَةَ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ – وَهُوَ أَبُو كَثِيرٍ – قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ طَلَبَ قَضَاءَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ حَتَّى يَنَالَهُ ثُمَّ غَلَبَ عَدْلُهُ جَوْرَهُ فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ وَمَنْ غَلَبَ جَوْرُهُ عَدْلَهُ فَلَهُ النَّارُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3575

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3568

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Ibn ‘Abbas said:

“If any do fail to judge (by the light of) what Allah has revealed, they are (no better than) unbelievers” up to “wrongdoers.” These three verses were revealed about the Jews, particularly about Quraizah and al-Nadir.

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ أَبِي يَحْيَى الرَّمْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ أَبِي الزَّرْقَاءِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ ‏{‏ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ ‏}‏ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ ‏{‏ الْفَاسِقُونَ ‏}‏ هَؤُلاَءِ الآيَاتُ الثَّلاَثُ نَزَلَتْ فِي الْيَهُودِ خَاصَّةً فِي قُرَيْظَةَ وَالنَّضِيرِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3576

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3569

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(3)

Chapter: Regarding Seeking The Position Of Judge and Hastening To Accept That Position

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(3)

باب فِي طَلَبِ الْقَضَاءِ وَالتَّسَرُّعِ إِلَيْهِ

AbdurRahman ibn Bishr al-Ansari al-Azraq said:

Two men from the locality of Kindah came while AbuMas’ud al-Ansari was sitting n a circle. They said: Is there any man who decides between us. A man from the circle said: I, AbuMas’ud took a handful of pebbles and threw at him, saying: Hush! It is disapproved to make haste in decision.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، قَالاَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ رَجَاءٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ بِشْرٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ الأَزْرَقِ، قَالَ دَخَلَ رَجُلاَنِ مِنْ أَبْوَابِ كِنْدَةَ وَأَبُو مَسْعُودٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ جَالِسٌ فِي حَلْقَةٍ فَقَالاَ أَلاَ رَجُلٌ يُنَفِّذُ بَيْنَنَا فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْحَلْقَةِ أَنَا ‏.‏ فَأَخَذَ أَبُو مَسْعُودٍ كَفًّا مِنْ حَصًى فَرَمَاهُ بِهِ وَقَالَ مَهْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ يُكْرَهُ التَّسَرُّعُ إِلَى الْحُكْمِ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3577

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3570

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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: If anyone desires the office of Judge and seeks help for it, he will be left to his own devices; if anyone does not desire it, nor does he seek help for it, Allah will send down an angel who will direct him aright.

Waki’ said: (This tradition has also been transmitted) by Isra’il, from ‘Abd al-A’la, from Bilal bin Abi Musa, from Anas, from the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).

Abu ‘Awanah said: from ‘Abd al-A’la, from Bilal bin Mirdas al-Fazari, from Khaithamah al-Basri from Anas.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، عَنْ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَنْ طَلَبَ الْقَضَاءَ وَاسْتَعَانَ عَلَيْهِ وُكِلَ إِلَيْهِ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَطْلُبْهُ وَلَمْ يَسْتَعِنْ عَلَيْهِ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ مَلَكًا يُسَدِّدُهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ وَكِيعٌ عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى عَنْ بِلاَلِ بْنِ أَبِي مُوسَى عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَوَانَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى عَنْ بِلاَلِ بْنِ مِرْدَاسٍ الْفَزَارِيِّ عَنْ خَيْثَمَةَ الْبَصْرِيِّ عَنْ أَنَسٍ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3578

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3571

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Abu Buradah reported the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying:

“We will never employ or we shall not employ (the narrator is doubtful) in our work one who wants it.”

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا قُرَّةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بُرْدَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لَنْ نَسْتَعْمِلَ – أَوْ لاَ نَسْتَعْمِلُ – عَلَى عَمَلِنَا مَنْ أَرَادَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3579

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3572

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(4)

Chapter: Regarding Bribery Being Disliked

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(4)

باب فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ الرِّشْوَةِ

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) cursed the one who bribes and the one who takes bribe.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الرَّاشِيَ وَالْمُرْتَشِيَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3580

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3573

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(5)

Chapter: Regarding gifts for workers

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(5)

باب فِي هَدَايَا الْعُمَّالِ

Narrated Adi ibn Umayrah al-Kindi:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: O people, if any of you is put in an administrative post on our behalf and conceals from us a needle or more, he is acting unfaithfully, and will bring it on the Day of Resurrection. A black man from the Ansar, as if I am seeing him, stood and said: Messenger of Allah, take back from me my post. He asked: What is that? He replied: I heard you say such and such. He said: And I say that. If we appoint anyone to an office, he must bring what is connected with it, both little and much. What he is given, he may take, and he must refrain from what is kept away from him.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنِي قَيْسٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَدِيُّ بْنُ عُمَيْرَةَ الْكِنْدِيُّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَنْ عَمِلَ مِنْكُمْ لَنَا عَلَى عَمَلٍ فَكَتَمَنَا مِنْهُ مِخْيَطًا فَمَا فَوْقَهُ فَهُوَ غُلٌّ يَأْتِي بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ أَسْوَدُ كَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اقْبَلْ عَنِّي عَمَلَكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَمَا ذَاكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَمِعْتُكَ تَقُولُ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَأَنَا أَقُولُ ذَلِكَ مَنِ اسْتَعْمَلْنَاهُ عَلَى عَمَلٍ فَلْيَأْتِ بِقَلِيلِهِ وَكَثِيرِهِ فَمَا أُوتِيَ مِنْهُ أَخَذَهُ وَمَا نُهِيَ عَنْهُ انْتَهَى ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3581

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3574

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(6)

Chapter: How to Judge

(6)

باب كَيْفَ الْقَضَاءُ

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) sent me to the Yemen as judge, and I asked: Messenger of Allah, are you sending me when I am young and have no knowledge of the duties of a judge? He replied: Allah will guide your heart and keep your tongue true. When two litigants sit in front of you, do not decide till you hear what the other has to say as you heard what the first had to say; for it is best that you should have a clear idea of the best decision. He said: I had been a judge (for long); or he said (the narrator is doubtful): I have no doubts about a decision afterwards.

حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ حَنَشٍ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ بَعَثَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى الْيَمَنِ قَاضِيًا فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ تُرْسِلُنِي وَأَنَا حَدِيثُ السِّنِّ وَلاَ عِلْمَ لِي بِالْقَضَاءِ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَيَهْدِي قَلْبَكَ وَيُثَبِّتُ لِسَانَكَ فَإِذَا جَلَسَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ الْخَصْمَانِ فَلاَ تَقْضِيَنَّ حَتَّى تَسْمَعَ مِنَ الآخَرِ كَمَا سَمِعْتَ مِنَ الأَوَّلِ فَإِنَّهُ أَحْرَى أَنْ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكَ الْقَضَاءُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَمَا زِلْتُ قَاضِيًا أَوْ مَا شَكَكْتُ فِي قَضَاءٍ بَعْدُ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3582

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3575

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(7)

Chapter: Regarding the Judges judge when he is mistaken

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(7)

باب فِي قَضَاءِ الْقَاضِي إِذَا أَخْطَأَ

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ وَإِنَّكُمْ تَخْتَصِمُونَ إِلَىَّ وَلَعَلَّ بَعْضَكُمْ أَنْ يَكُونَ أَلْحَنَ بِحُجَّتِهِ مِنْ بَعْضٍ فَأَقْضِيَ لَهُ عَلَى نَحْوِ مَا أَسْمَعُ مِنْهُ فَمَنْ قَضَيْتُ لَهُ مِنْ حَقِّ أَخِيهِ بِشَىْءٍ فَلاَ يَأْخُذْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا فَإِنَّمَا أَقْطَعُ لَهُ قِطْعَةً مِنَ النَّارِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3583

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

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Umm Salamah reported the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying:

“I am only a human being, and you bring your disputes to me, some perhaps being more eloquent in their plea than others, so that I give judgement on their behalf according to what I hear from them. Therefore, whatever I decide for anyone which by right belongs to his brother, he must not take anything, for I am granting him only a portion of Hell.

حَدَّثَنَا الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ أَبُو تَوْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ أُسَامَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، مَوْلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَتْ أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَجُلاَنِ يَخْتَصِمَانِ فِي مَوَارِيثَ لَهُمَا لَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُمَا بَيِّنَةٌ إِلاَّ دَعْوَاهُمَا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ فَبَكَى الرَّجُلاَنِ وَقَالَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا حَقِّي لَكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُمَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ أَمَّا إِذْ فَعَلْتُمَا مَا فَعَلْتُمَا فَاقْتَسِمَا وَتَوَخَّيَا الْحَقَّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ اسْتَهِمَا ثُمَّ تَحَالاَّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3584

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3576

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Umm Salamah said:

Two men came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) who were disputing over their inheritance. They had no evidence except their claim. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then said in a similar way. Thereupon both the men wept and each of them said: This right of mine go to you. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then said: Now you have done whatever you have done ; do divide it up, aiming at what is right, then drew lots, and let each of you consider the other to have what is legitimately his”

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا أُسَامَةُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ يَخْتَصِمَانِ فِي مَوَارِيثَ وَأَشْيَاءَ قَدْ دَرَسَتْ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنِّي إِنَّمَا أَقْضِي بَيْنَكُمْ بِرَأْيِي فِيمَا لَمْ يُنْزَلْ عَلَىَّ فِيهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3585

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3577

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Umm Salamah reported the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying when two men were disputing over inheritance and old things:

I decide between you on the basis of my opinion in cases about which no revelation has been sent down to me.

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْمَهْرِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ الرَّأْىَ إِنَّمَا كَانَ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُصِيبًا لأَنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ يُرِيهِ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ مِنَّا الظَّنُّ وَالتَّكَلُّفُ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3586

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3578

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Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:

Umar said while he was (sitting) on the pulpit: O people, the opinion from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was right, because Allah showed (i.e. inspired) him; but from us it is sheer conjecture and artifice.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ الضَّبِّيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو عُثْمَانَ الشَّامِيُّ، وَلاَ إِخَالُنِي رَأَيْتُ شَامِيًّا أَفْضَلَ مِنْهُ يَعْنِي حَرِيزَ بْنَ عُثْمَانَ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3587

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3579

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(8)

Chapter: How should the disputants sit before the judge

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(8)

باب كَيْفَ يَجْلِسُ الْخَصْمَانِ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْقَاضِي

Mu’adh bin Mu’adh said:

Abu ‘Uthman al-Shami, whose name is Hariz bin ‘Uthman, told me. I think I did not see anyone from Syria better than him.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، حَدَّثَنَا مُصْعَبُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، قَالَ قَضَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ الْخَصْمَيْنِ يَقْعُدَانِ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْحَكَمِ ‏.‏

         

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3588

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3580

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(9)

Chapter: A judge passing judgement while he is angry

(9)

باب الْقَاضِي يَقْضِي وَهُوَ غَضْبَانُ

Narrated Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) gave the decision that the two adversaries should be made to sit in front of the judge.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَى ابْنِهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لاَ يَقْضِي الْحَكَمُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ وَهُوَ غَضْبَانُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3589

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3581

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(10)

Chapter: Judgement between ahl adh-dhimmah

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(10)

باب الْحُكْمِ بَيْنَ أَهْلِ الذِّمَّةِ

‘Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Bakrah reported on the authority of his father that he wrote to his son:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: A judge should not decide between the two while he is in anger.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُسَيْنٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ النَّحْوِيِّ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ ‏{‏ فَإِنْ جَاءُوكَ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ أَوْ أَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ ‏}‏ فَنُسِخَتْ قَالَ ‏{‏ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3590

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3582

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Ibn ‘Abbas said:

The Qur’anic verse: “If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or decline to interfere” was abrogated by the verse: “So judge between them by what Allah hath revealed.”

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ ‏{‏ فَإِنْ جَاءُوكَ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ أَوْ أَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ ‏}‏ ‏{‏ وَإِنْ حَكَمْتَ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْقِسْطِ ‏}‏ الآيَةَ قَالَ كَانَ بَنُو النَّضِيرِ إِذَا قَتَلُوا مِنْ بَنِي قُرَيْظَةَ أَدَّوْا نِصْفَ الدِّيَةِ وَإِذَا قَتَلَ بَنُو قُرَيْظَةَ مِنْ بَنِي النَّضِيرِ أَدَّوْا إِلَيْهِمُ الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً فَسَوَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَهُمْ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3591

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3583

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(11)

Chapter: Struggling for an opinion when passing judgements

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(11)

باب اجْتِهَادِ الرَّأْىِ فِي الْقَضَاءِ

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

When this verse was revealed: “If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or decline to interfere….If thou judge, judge in equity between them.” Banu an-Nadir used to pay half blood-money if they killed any-one from Banu Qurayzah. When Banu Qurayzah killed anyone from Banu an-Nadir, they would pay full blood-money. So the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) made it equal between them.

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَوْنٍ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَخِي الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أُنَاسٍ، مِنْ أَهْلِ حِمْصَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ قَالَ ‏”‏ كَيْفَ تَقْضِي إِذَا عَرَضَ لَكَ قَضَاءٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَقْضِي بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِسُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ فِي سُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلاَ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَجْتَهِدُ رَأْيِي وَلاَ آلُو ‏.‏ فَضَرَبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَدْرَهُ وَقَالَ ‏”‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي وَفَّقَ رَسُولَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ لِمَا يُرْضِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3592

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3584

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Some companions of Mu’adh ibn Jabal said:

When the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) intended to send Mu’adh ibn Jabal to the Yemen, he asked: How will you judge when the occasion of deciding a case arises?

He replied: I shall judge in accordance with Allah’s Book. He asked: (What will you do) if you do not find any guidance in Allah’s Book? He replied: (I shall act) in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).

He asked: (What will you do) if you do not find any guidance in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and in Allah’s Book?

He replied: I shall do my best to form an opinion and I shall spare no effort.

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then patted him on the breast and said: Praise be to Allah Who has helped the messenger of the Messenger of Allah to find something which pleases the Messenger of Allah.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَوْنٍ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ نَاسٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَمَّا بَعَثَهُ إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَذَكَرَ مَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏


Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3593

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3585

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(12)

Chapter: Regarding reconciliation

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(12)

باب فِي الصُّلْحِ

Mu’adh bin Jabal said that when the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) sent him to the Yemen… He then narrated the rest of the tradition to the same effect.

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْمَهْرِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ – حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، أَوْ عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ – شَكَّ الشَّيْخُ – عَنْ كَثِيرِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ الصُّلْحُ جَائِزٌ بَيْنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ أَحْمَدُ ‏”‏ إِلاَّ صُلْحًا أَحَلَّ حَرَامًا أَوْ حَرَّمَ حَلاَلاً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَزَادَ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ الْمُسْلِمُونَ عَلَى شُرُوطِهِمْ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3594

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3586

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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Conciliation between Muslims is permissible. The narrator Ahmad added in his version: “except the conciliation which makes lawful unlawful and unlawful lawful.” Sulayman ibn Dawud added: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Muslims are on (i.e. stick to) their conditions.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ كَعْبَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، تَقَاضَى ابْنَ أَبِي حَدْرَدٍ دَيْنًا كَانَ لَهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَارْتَفَعَتْ أَصْوَاتُهُمَا حَتَّى سَمِعَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ فِي بَيْتِهِ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى كَشَفَ سِجْفَ حُجْرَتِهِ وَنَادَى كَعْبَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا كَعْبُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَبَّيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَشَارَ لَهُ بِيَدِهِ أَنْ ضَعِ الشَّطْرَ مِنْ دَيْنِكَ قَالَ كَعْبٌ قَدْ فَعَلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ قُمْ فَاقْضِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3595

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3587

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(13)

Chapter: Regarding testimonies

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(13)

باب فِي الشَّهَادَاتِ

Ka’b bin Malik said that in the time of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) he made demand in the mosque for payment of a debt due to him from Ibn Abi Hadrad, and their voices rose till the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), who was in his house, heard them. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then went out to them and, removing the curtain of his apartment, he called to Ka’b bin Malik, addressing:

“Ka’b!” He said: “At your service, Messenger of Allah.” Thereupon he made a gesture with is hand indicating: Remit half the debt due to you. Ka’b said: “I shall do so, Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then said: “Get up and discharge”

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ السَّرْحِ، قَالاَ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، أَنَّ أَبَاهُ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ الأَنْصَارِيَّ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيَّ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِخَيْرِ الشُّهَدَاءِ الَّذِي يَأْتِي بِشَهَادَتِهِ أَوْ يُخْبِرُ بِشَهَادَتِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُسْأَلَهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ شَكَّ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَيَّتَهُمَا قَالَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الَّذِي يُخْبِرُ بِشَهَادَتِهِ وَلاَ يَعْلَمُ بِهَا الَّذِي هِيَ لَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ وَيَرْفَعُهَا إِلَى السُّلْطَانِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ السَّرْحِ أَوْ يَأْتِي بِهَا الإِمَامَ ‏.‏ وَالإِخْبَارُ فِي حَدِيثِ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ السَّرْحِ ابْنَ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَقُلْ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3596

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3588

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(14)

Chapter: Regarding a man who helps someone in a dispute without knowing about the case

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(14)

باب فِيمَنْ يُعِينُ عَلَى خُصُومَةٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَعْلَمَ أَمْرَهَا

Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhani reported the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying:

“Shall I not tell you of the best witnesses ? He is the one who produces his deposition or gives his evidence (the narrator is doubtful) before he is asked for it.” ‘Abd Allah bin Abi Bakr dobted which of them he said.

Abu Dawud said: Malis said: This refers to a man gives his evidence, but he does not know for whom it is meant. Al-Hamdani said: “He should inform the authorities. Ibn al-Sarh said: “He should give it to the ruler. The work ikhbar (inform) occurs in the version of al-Hamdani.” Ibn al-Sarh said: “Ibn Abi ‘Amrah and not ‘Abd al-Rahman.”

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَارَةُ بْنُ غَزِيَّةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، قَالَ جَلَسْنَا لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا فَجَلَسَ فَقَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَنْ حَالَتْ شَفَاعَتُهُ دُونَ حَدٍّ مِنْ حُدُودِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَادَّ اللَّهَ وَمَنْ خَاصَمَ فِي بَاطِلٍ وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُهُ لَمْ يَزَلْ فِي سَخَطِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى يَنْزِعَ عَنْهُ وَمَنْ قَالَ فِي مُؤْمِنٍ مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ أَسْكَنَهُ اللَّهُ رَدْغَةَ الْخَبَالِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِمَّا قَالَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3597

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3589

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Yahya ibn Rashid said:

We were sitting waiting for Abdullah ibn Umar who came out to us and sat. He then said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying: If anyone’s intercession intervenes as an obstacle to one of the punishments prescribed by Allah, he has opposed Allah; if anyone disputes knowingly about something which is false, he remains in the displeasure of Allah till he desists, and if anyone makes an untruthful accusation against a Muslim, he will be made by Allah to dwell in the corrupt fluid flowing from the inhabitants of Hell till he retracts his statement.

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَاصِمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ الْعُمَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي الْمُثَنَّى بْنُ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ مَطَرٍ الْوَرَّاقِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ ‏ “‏ وَمَنْ أَعَانَ عَلَى خُصُومَةٍ بِظُلْمٍ فَقَدْ بَاءَ بِغَضَبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3598

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3590

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(15)

Chapter: Regarding false witness

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(15)

باب فِي شَهَادَةِ الزُّورِ

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn ‘Umar from the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) through different chain of narrators to the same effect. In this version he also said:

“He who assits in a dispute unjustly deserves the anger of Allah, Most High.

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مُوسَى الْبَلْخِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنِي سُفْيَانُ، – يَعْنِي الْعُصْفُرِيَّ – عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ الأَسَدِيِّ، عَنْ خُرَيْمِ بْنِ فَاتِكٍ، قَالَ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَامَ قَائِمًا فَقَالَ ‏”‏ عُدِلَتْ شَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ بِالإِشْرَاكِ بِاللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثَ مِرَارٍ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ ‏{‏ فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الأَوْثَانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوا قَوْلَ الزُّورِ * حُنَفَاءَ لِلَّهِ غَيْرَ مُشْرِكِينَ بِهِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3599

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3591

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(16)

Chapter: The one whose testimony is to be rejected

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(16)

باب مَنْ تُرَدُّ شَهَادَتُهُ

Narrated Khuraym Ibn Fatik:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) offered the morning prayer. When he finished it, he stood up and said three times: False witness has been made equivalent to attributing a partner to Allah. He then recited: “So avoid the abomination of idols and avoid speaking falsehood as people pure of faith to Allah, not associating anything with Him.

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَاشِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَدَّ شَهَادَةَ الْخَائِنِ وَالْخَائِنَةِ وَذِي الْغِمْرِ عَلَى أَخِيهِ وَرَدَّ شَهَادَةَ الْقَانِعِ لأَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ وَأَجَازَهَا لِغَيْرِهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ الْغِمْرُ الْحِنَةُ وَالشَّحْنَاءُ وَالْقَانِعُ الأَجِيرُ التَّابِعُ مِثْلُ الأَجِيرِ الْخَاصِّ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3600

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3592

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‘Amr bin Shu’aib on his father’s authority told that his grandfather said:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) rejected the testimony of a deceitful man and woman, of one who harbours rancour against his brother, and he rejected the testimony of one who is dependent on a family, and he allowed his testimony for other.

Abu Dawud said: Ghimr means malice and enimity ; qani (dependant), a subordinate servant like a special servant.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ خَلَفِ بْنِ طَارِقٍ الرَّازِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ الْخُزَاعِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى، بِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لاَ تَجُوزُ شَهَادَةُ خَائِنٍ وَلاَ خَائِنَةٍ وَلاَ زَانٍ وَلاَ زَانِيَةٍ وَلاَ ذِي غِمْرٍ عَلَى أَخِيهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3601

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3593

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(17)

Chapter: Testimony of a bedouin against townpeople

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(17)

باب شَهَادَةِ الْبَدَوِيِّ عَلَى أَهْلِ الأَمْصَارِ

The tradition mentioned above (No. 3593) has also been transmitted by Sulayman ibn Musa through a different chain of narrators.

This version has:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: The testimony of a deceitful man or woman, of an adulterer and adulteress, and of one who harbours rancour against his brother is not allowable.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَنَافِعُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ لاَ تَجُوزُ شَهَادَةُ بَدَوِيٍّ عَلَى صَاحِبِ قَرْيَةٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3602

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3594

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(18)

Chapter: Testimony with regard to breastfeeding

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(18)

باب الشَّهَادَةِ فِي الرَّضَاعِ

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: The testimony of a nomad Arab against a townsman is not allowable.

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، وَحَدَّثَنِيهِ صَاحِبٌ، لِي عَنْهُ – وَأَنَا لِحَدِيثِ، صَاحِبِي أَحْفَظُ – قَالَ تَزَوَّجْتُ أُمَّ يَحْيَى بِنْتَ أَبِي إِهَابٍ فَدَخَلَتْ عَلَيْنَا امْرَأَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ فَزَعَمَتْ أَنَّهَا أَرْضَعَتْنَا جَمِيعًا فَأَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنِّي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهَا لَكَاذِبَةٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏ وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ وَقَدْ قَالَتْ مَا قَالَتْ دَعْهَا عَنْكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3603

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3595

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‘Uqbah bin al-Harith said:

“I married Umm Yahya daughter of Abu Ihab. A black woman entered upon us. She said that she had suckled both of us. So I came to the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), and amentioned it to him. He turned away from me. I said (to him): Messenger of Allah! she is a liar. He said: What do you know? She has said what she has said. Separate yourself from her (wife).

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ أَبِي شُعَيْبٍ الْحَرَّانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْحَارِثُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ الْبَصْرِيُّ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ، عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، – وَقَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ، عُقْبَةَ وَلَكِنِّي لِحَدِيثِ عُبَيْدٍ أَحْفَظُ – فَذَكَرَ مَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ نَظَرَ حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ إِلَى الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ فَقَالَ هَذَا مِنْ ثِقَاتِ أَصْحَابِ أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏


Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3604

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3596

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(19)

Chapter: The testimony od ahl adh-dhimmah and a will made when traveling

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(19)

باب شَهَادَةِ أَهْلِ الذِّمَّةِ وَفِي الْوَصِيَّةِ فِي السَّفَرِ

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by ‘Uqbah bin al-Harith to the same effect through a different chain of narrators.

Abu Dawud said:

Hammad bin Zaid looked at al-Harith bin ‘Umair and said: He is from reliable narrators from Ayyub.

حَدَّثَنَا زِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا زَكَرِيَّا، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ حَضَرَتْهُ الْوَفَاةُ بِدَقُوقَاءَ هَذِهِ وَلَمْ يَجِدْ أَحَدًا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ يُشْهِدُهُ عَلَى وَصِيَّتِهِ فَأَشْهَدَ رَجُلَيْنِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ فَقَدِمَا الْكُوفَةَ فَأَتَيَا أَبَا مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيَّ فَأَخْبَرَاهُ وَقَدِمَا بِتَرِكَتِهِ وَوَصِيَّتِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الأَشْعَرِيُّ هَذَا أَمْرٌ لَمْ يَكُنْ بَعْدَ الَّذِي كَانَ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَأَحْلَفَهُمَا بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ بِاللَّهِ مَا خَانَا وَلاَ كَذِبَا وَلاَ بَدَّلاَ وَلاَ كَتَمَا وَلاَ غَيَّرَا وَإِنَّهَا لَوَصِيَّةُ الرَّجُلِ وَتَرِكَتُهُ فَأَمْضَى شَهَادَتَهُمَا ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3605

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3597

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Ash-Sha’bi said:

A Muslim was about to die at Daquqa’, but he did not find any Muslim to call him for witness to his will. So he called two men of the people of the Book for witness. Then they came to Kufah, and approaching AbuMusa al-Ash’ari they informed him (about his) will. They brought his inheritance and will. Al-Ash’ari said: This is an incident (like) which happened in the time of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and never occurred after him. So he made them to swear by Allah after the afternoon prayer to the effect that they had not misappropriated, nor told a lie, nor changed, nor concealed, nor altered, and that it was the will of the man and his inheritance. He then executed their witness.

حَدَّثَنَا الْ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي زَائِدَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ خَرَجَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سَهْمٍ مَعَ تَمِيمٍ الدَّارِيِّ وَعَدِيِّ بْنِ بَدَّاءَ فَمَاتَ السَّهْمِيُّ بِأَرْضٍ لَيْسَ بِهَا مُسْلِمٌ فَلَمَّا قَدِمَا بِتَرِكَتِهِ فَقَدُوا جَامَ فِضَّةٍ مُخَوَّصًا بِالذَّهَبِ فَأَحْلَفَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ وُجِدَ الْجَامُ بِمَكَّةَ فَقَالُوا اشْتَرَيْنَاهُ مِنْ تَمِيمٍ وَعَدِيٍّ فَقَامَ رَجُلاَنِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءِ السَّهْمِيِّ فَحَلَفَا لَشَهَادَتُنَا أَحَقُّ مِنْ شَهَادَتِهِمَا وَإِنَّ الْجَامَ لِصَاحِبِهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَنَزَلَتْ فِيهِمْ ‏{‏ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا شَهَادَةُ بَيْنِكُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ ‏}‏ الآيَةَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3606

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3598

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(20)

Chapter: If the judge knows that the testimony of one person is true, is it permissible for him to pass judgment on the basis of that

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(20)

باب إِذَا عَلِمَ الْحَاكِمُ صِدْقَ الشَّاهِدِ الْوَاحِدِ يَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يَحْكُمَ بِهِ

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:

A man from Banu Sahm went out with Tamim ad-Dari and Adi ibn Badda’. The man of Banu Sahm died in the land where no Muslim was present. When they returned with his inheritance, they (the heirs) did not find a silver cup with lines of gold (in his property). The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) administered on oath to them. The cup was then found (with someone) at Mecca. They said: We have bought it from Tamim and Adi.

Then two men from the heirs of the man of Banu Sahm got up and swore saying: Our witness is more reliable than their witness. They said that the cup belonged to their man.

He (Ibn Abbas) said: The following verse was revealed about them: “O ye who believe! when death approaches any of you…..”

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ فَارِسٍ، أَنَّ الْحَكَمَ بْنَ نَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَهُمْ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ خُزَيْمَةَ، أَنَّ عَمَّهُ، حَدَّثَهُ وَهُوَ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ابْتَاعَ فَرَسًا مِنْ أَعْرَابِيٍّ فَاسْتَتْبَعَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِيَقْضِيَهُ ثَمَنَ فَرَسِهِ فَأَسْرَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَشْىَ وَأَبْطَأَ الأَعْرَابِيُّ فَطَفِقَ رِجَالٌ يَعْتَرِضُونَ الأَعْرَابِيَّ فَيُسَاوِمُونَهُ بِالْفَرَسِ وَلاَ يَشْعُرُونَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ابْتَاعَهُ فَنَادَى الأَعْرَابِيُّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنْ كُنْتَ مُبْتَاعًا هَذَا الْفَرَسَ وَإِلاَّ بِعْتُهُ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ سَمِعَ نِدَاءَ الأَعْرَابِيِّ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدِ ابْتَعْتُهُ مِنْكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الأَعْرَابِيُّ لاَ وَاللَّهِ مَا بِعْتُكَهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ بَلَى قَدِ ابْتَعْتُهُ مِنْكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَطَفِقَ الأَعْرَابِيُّ يَقُولُ هَلُمَّ شَهِيدًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ خُزَيْمَةُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَنَا أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَايَعْتَهُ ‏.‏ فَأَقْبَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى خُزَيْمَةَ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ بِمَ تَشْهَدُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ بِتَصْدِيقِكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَهَادَةَ خُزَيْمَةَ بِشَهَادَةِ رَجُلَيْنِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3607

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3599

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(21)

Chapter: Judgement on the basis of oath and one witness

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(21)

باب الْقَضَاءِ بِالْيَمِينِ وَالشَّاهِدِ

Narrated Uncle of Umarah ibn Khuzaymah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) bought a horse from a Bedouin. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) took him with him to pay him the price of his horse. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) walked quickly and the Bedouin walked slowly. The people stopped the Bedouin and began to bargain with him for the horse as and they did not know that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) had bought it.

The Bedouin called the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) saying: If you want this horse, (then buy it), otherwise I shall sell it. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) stopped when he heard the call of the Bedouin, and said: Have I not bought it from you? The Bedouin said: I swear by Allah, I have not sold it to you. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Yes, I have bought it from you. The Bedouin began to say: Bring a witness. Khuzaymah ibn Thabit then said: I bear witness that you have bought it. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) turned to Khuzaymah and said: On what (grounds) do you bear witness?

He said: By considering you trustworthy, Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)! The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) made the witness of Khuzaymah equivalent to the witness of two people.

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَالْ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ الْحُبَابِ، حَدَّثَهُمْ حَدَّثَنَا سَيْفٌ الْمَكِّيُّ، – قَالَ عُثْمَانُ سَيْفُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ – عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَضَى بِيَمِينٍ وَشَاهِدٍ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3608

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3600

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Ibn ‘Abbas said:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) gave a decision on the basis of an oath and a single witness.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، وَسَلَمَةُ بْنُ شَبِيبٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ وَمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَلَمَةُ فِي حَدِيثِهِ قَالَ عَمْرٌو فِي الْحُقُوقِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3609

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3601

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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by ‘Amr bin Dinar through a different chain of narrators and to the same effect. Salamah has in his version:

‘Amr said: In the rights (of the people).

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَبُو مُصْعَبٍ الزُّهْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الدَّرَاوَرْدِيُّ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَضَى بِالْيَمِينِ مَعَ الشَّاهِدِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَزَادَنِي الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الشَّافِعِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ قَالَ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِسُهَيْلٍ فَقَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي رَبِيعَةُ – وَهُوَ عِنْدِي ثِقَةٌ – أَنِّي حَدَّثْتُهُ إِيَّاهُ وَلاَ أَحْفَظُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ وَقَدْ كَانَ أَصَابَتْ سُهَيْلاً عِلَّةٌ أَذْهَبَتْ بَعْضَ عَقْلِهِ وَنَسِيَ بَعْضَ حَدِيثِهِ فَكَانَ سُهَيْلٌ بَعْدُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ ‏.‏

         

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3610

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3602

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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) gave a decision on the basis of an oath and a single witness.

Abu Dawud said: Al-Rabi’ bin Sulaiman al-Mu’adhdhin told me some additional words in this tradition: Al-Shafi’i told me from ‘Abd al-‘Aziz. I then mentioned it fo Suhail who said: Rabi’ah told me – and he is reliable in my opinion – that I told him this (tradition) and I do not remember it. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz said: Suhail suffered from some disease which caused him to lose a little of his intelligence, and he forgot some of his traditions. Thereafter Suhail would narrate traditions from Rabi’ah on the authority of his father.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الإِسْكَنْدَرَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زِيَادٌ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ يُونُسَ – حَدَّثَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ، بِإِسْنَادِ أَبِي مُصْعَبٍ وَمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ فَلَقِيتُ سُهَيْلاً فَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ مَا أَعْرِفُهُ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ رَبِيعَةَ أَخْبَرَنِي بِهِ عَنْكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانَ رَبِيعَةُ أَخْبَرَكَ عَنِّي فَحَدِّثْ بِهِ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ عَنِّي ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3611

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3603

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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Rabi’ah through the chain of Abu Mus’ab and to the same effect. Sulaiman said:

I then met Suhail and asked him about this tradition. He said: I do not know it. I said to him: Rabi’ah transmitted it to me from you. He said: If Rabi’ah transmitted it to you from me, then retransmit it from Rabi’ah on my authority.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَمَّارُ بْنُ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْبِ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي قَالَ، سَمِعْتُ جَدِّيَ الزُّبَيْبَ، يَقُولُ بَعَثَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَيْشًا إِلَى بَنِي الْعَنْبَرِ فَأَخَذُوهُمْ بِرُكْبَةٍ مِنْ نَاحِيَةِ الطَّائِفِ فَاسْتَاقُوهُمْ إِلَى نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَكِبْتُ فَسَبَقْتُهُمْ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ أَتَانَا جُنْدُكَ فَأَخَذُونَا وَقَدْ كُنَّا أَسْلَمْنَا وَخَضْرَمْنَا آذَانَ النَّعَمِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ بَلْعَنْبَرُ قَالَ لِي نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ هَلْ لَكُمْ بَيِّنَةٌ عَلَى أَنَّكُمْ أَسْلَمْتُمْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُؤْخَذُوا فِي هَذِهِ الأَيَّامِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ مَنْ بَيِّنَتُكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ سَمُرَةُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي الْعَنْبَرِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ سَمَّاهُ لَهُ فَشَهِدَ الرَّجُلُ وَأَبَى سَمُرَةُ أَنْ يَشْهَدَ فَقَالَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ قَدْ أَبَى أَنْ يَشْهَدَ لَكَ فَتَحْلِفُ مَعَ شَاهِدِكَ الآخَرِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَاسْتَحْلَفَنِي فَحَلَفْتُ بِاللَّهِ لَقَدْ أَسْلَمْنَا يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَخَضْرَمْنَا آذَانَ النَّعَمِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ اذْهَبُوا فَقَاسِمُوهُمْ أَنْصَافَ الأَمْوَالِ وَلاَ تَمَسُّوا ذَرَارِيَهُمْ لَوْلاَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ ضَلاَلَةَ الْعَمَلِ مَا رَزَيْنَاكُمْ عِقَالاً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ الزُّبَيْبُ فَدَعَتْنِي أُمِّي فَقَالَتْ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ أَخَذَ زِرْبِيَّتِي فَانْصَرَفْتُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم – يَعْنِي فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ – فَقَالَ لِي ‏”‏ احْبِسْهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَأَخَذْتُ بِتَلْبِيبِهِ وَقُمْتُ مَعَهُ مَكَانَنَا ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَيْنَا نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَائِمَيْنِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مَا تُرِيدُ بِأَسِيرِكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَأَرْسَلْتُهُ مِنْ يَدِي فَقَامَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ ‏”‏ رُدَّ عَلَى هَذَا زِرْبِيَّةَ أُمِّهِ الَّتِي أَخَذْتَ مِنْهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ إِنَّهَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ يَدِي ‏.‏ قَالَ فَاخْتَلَعَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَيْفَ الرَّجُلِ فَأَعْطَانِيهِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ ‏”‏ اذْهَبْ فَزِدْهُ آصُعًا مِنْ طَعَامٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَزَادَنِي آصُعًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3612

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3604

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(22)

Chapter: Two men who claim something but have no proof

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(22)

باب الرَّجُلَيْنِ يَدَّعِيَانِ شَيْئًا وَلَيْسَتْ لَهُمَا بَيِّنَةٌ

Narrated Zubayb ibn Tha’labah al-Anbari:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) sent an army to Banu al-Anbar. They captured them at Rukbah in the suburbs of at-Ta’if and drove them to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).

I rode hurriedly to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and said: Peace be on you, Messenger of Allah, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Your contingent came to us and arrested us, but we had already embraced Islam and cut the sides of the ears of our cattle.

When Banu al-Anbar arrived, the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to me: Have you any evidence that you had embraced Islam before you were captured today?

I said: Yes. He said: Who is your witness? I said: Samurah, a man from Banu al-Anbar, and another man whom he named. The man testified but Samurah refused to testify. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: He (Samurah) has refused to testify for you, so take an oath with your other witness. I said: Yes. He then dictated an oath to me and I swore to the effect that we had embraced Islam on a certain day, and that we had cut the sides of the ears of the cattle.

The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Go and divide half of their property, but do not touch their children. Had Allah not disliked the wastage of action, we should not have taxed you even a rope.

Zubayb said: My mother called me and said: This man has taken my mattress. I then went to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and informed him.

He said to me: Detain him. So I caught him with a garment around his neck, and stood there with him . Then the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) looked at us standing there. He asked: What do you intend (doing) with your captive?

I said: I shall let him go free if he returns to this (man) the mattress of his mother which he has taken from her.

He said: Prophet of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), I no longer have it.

He said: The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) took the sword of the man and gave it to me, and said to him: Go and give him some sa’s of cereal. So he gave me some sa’s of barley.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مِنْهَالٍ الضَّرِيرُ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ أَبِي مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ، ادَّعَيَا بَعِيرًا أَوْ دَابَّةً إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْسَتْ لِوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا بَيِّنَةٌ فَجَعَلَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَهُمَا ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3613

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3605

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Narrated AbuMusa al-Ash’ari:

Two men claimed a camel or an animal and brought the case to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). But as neither of them produced any proof, the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) declared that they should share it equally.

حَدَّثَنَا الْ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحِيمِ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ وَمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏


Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3614

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3606

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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Sa’id through a different chain of narrators to the same effect.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مِنْهَالٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، بِمَعْنَى إِسْنَادِهِ أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ، ادَّعَيَا بَعِيرًا عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَبَعَثَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا شَاهِدَيْنِ فَقَسَمَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَهُمَا نِصْفَيْنِ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3615

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3607

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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Qatadah through a different chain of narrators to the effect that two men laid claim camel and both of them produced witness so the prophet (peace be upon him) divided it in halves between them.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مِنْهَالٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ خِلاَسٍ، عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ، اخْتَصَمَا فِي مَتَاعٍ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْسَ لِوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا بَيِّنَةٌ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ اسْتَهِمَا عَلَى الْيَمِينِ مَا كَانَ أَحَبَّا ذَلِكَ أَوْ كَرِهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3616

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3608

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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

Two men disputed about some property and brought the case to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), but neither of them could produce any proof. So the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Cast lots about the oath whatever it may be, whether they like it or dislike it.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، وَسَلَمَةُ بْنُ شَبِيبٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، – قَالَ أَحْمَدُ قَالَ – حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ هَمَّامِ بْنِ مُنَبِّهٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا كَرِهَ الاِثْنَانِ الْيَمِينَ أَوِ اسْتَحَبَّاهَا فَلْيَسْتَهِمَا عَلَيْهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَلَمَةُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ وَقَالَ إِذَا أُكْرِهَ الاِثْنَانِ عَلَى الْيَمِينِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3617

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3609

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Abu hurairah reported the holy prophet (peace be upon him) as saying:

When two men dislike the oath or like it,lots will be cost about it. Salamah said on the authority of Ma’mar who said: when the two are compelled to take an oath.

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، بِإِسْنَادِ ابْنِ مِنْهَالٍ مِثْلَهُ قَالَ فِي دَابَّةٍ وَلَيْسَ لَهُمَا بَيِّنَةٌ فَأَمَرَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يَسْتَهِمَا عَلَى الْيَمِينِ ‏.‏


Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3618

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3610

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(23)

Chapter: The defendent should swear on oath

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(23)

باب الْيَمِينِ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by sa’id b. ‘Urubah through the chain as narrated by Ibn Minhal. This version has :

About an animal and they had no proof. So the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) ordered to cast lots about the oath.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا نَافِعُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، قَالَ كَتَبَ إِلَىَّ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَضَى بِالْيَمِينِ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3619

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3611

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(24)

Chapter: How the oath should be sworn

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(24)

باب كَيْفَ الْيَمِينُ

Ibn Abi Mulaikah said:

Ibn ‘Abbas wrote to me that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)had defendant should take an oath.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَطَاءُ بْنُ السَّائِبِ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ – يَعْنِي لِرَجُلٍ حَلَّفَهُ – ‏ “‏ احْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ مَا لَهُ عِنْدَكَ شَىْءٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي لِلْمُدَّعِي ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ أَبُو يَحْيَى اسْمُهُ زِيَادٌ كُوفِيٌّ ثِقَةٌ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3620

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3612

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(25)

Chapter: If a defendent is a dhimmi, should he swear on oath?

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(25)

باب إِذَا كَانَ الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ ذِمِّيًّا أَيَحْلِفُ

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to a man whom he asked to take an oath: Swear by Allah except whom there is no god that you have nothing belonging to him, i.e. the plaintiff.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ شَقِيقٍ، عَنِ الأَشْعَثِ، قَالَ كَانَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ أَرْضٌ فَجَحَدَنِي فَقَدَّمْتُهُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لِيَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أَلَكَ بَيِّنَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ لِلْيَهُودِيِّ ‏”‏ احْلِفْ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِذًا يَحْلِفَ وَيَذْهَبَ بِمَالِي ‏.‏ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ‏{‏ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَيْمَانِهِمْ ‏}‏ إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3621

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3613

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(26)

Chapter: When a man swears an oath on a basis of what he knows and not on the basis of what he has witnessed

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(26)

باب الرَّجُلِ يَحْلِفُ عَلَى عِلْمِهِ فِيمَا غَابَ عَنْهُ

Al-Ash’ath b. Qais said:

A Jew and I shared some land and he denied my right, so I took him to the holy prophet (may peace be upon him). The holy prophet (may peace be upon him) said to me: Have you have proof. I said: No. He then said to the Jew: Swear an oath I said Messenger of Allah,he will swear an oath and go off my property. So Allah sent down: “Those who barter for a small price Allah’s covenant and their oaths….” to the end of the verse.

حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْفِرْيَابِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْحَارِثُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنِي كُرْدُوسٌ، عَنِ الأَشْعَثِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنْ كِنْدَةَ وَرَجُلاً مِنْ حَضْرَمَوْتَ اخْتَصَمَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي أَرْضٍ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ أَرْضِي اغْتَصَبَنِيهَا أَبُو هَذَا وَهِيَ فِي يَدِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏ هَلْ لَكَ بَيِّنَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ وَلَكِنْ أُحَلِّفُهُ وَاللَّهِ مَا يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهَا أَرْضِي اغْتَصَبَنِيهَا أَبُوهُ ‏.‏ فَتَهَيَّأَ الْكِنْدِيُّ يَعْنِي لِلْيَمِينِ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3622

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3614

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Al-Ash’ath b. Qais said:

A men from Kindah and a men from Hadramawt came to the Holy Prophet(may peace be upon him)with their dispute about a land in the Yemen. The Hadrami said: Messenger of Allah, the this (man)had usurped land belonging to me, and it is his possession. He asked: Have you any proof ?He replied:No, but I can have him swear on oath. Allah knows that it is my land, and father seized it from me. The Kindi was prepared to take oath. He then narrated the rest of the tradition.

حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ حَضْرَمَوْتَ وَرَجُلٌ مِنْ كِنْدَةَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ هَذَا غَلَبَنِي عَلَى أَرْضٍ كَانَتْ لأَبِي فَقَالَ الْكِنْدِيُّ هِيَ أَرْضِي فِي يَدِي أَزْرَعُهَا لَيْسَ لَهُ فِيهَا حَقٌّ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِلْحَضْرَمِيِّ ‏”‏ أَلَكَ بَيِّنَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَلَكَ يَمِينُهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ فَاجِرٌ لَيْسَ يُبَالِي مَا حَلَفَ لَيْسَ يَتَوَرَّعُ مِنْ شَىْءٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ لَيْسَ لَكَ مِنْهُ إِلاَّ ذَلِكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3623

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3615

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(27)

Chapter: How should a dhimmi be asked to swear an oath?

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(27)

باب كَيْفَ يَحْلِفُ الذِّمِّيُّ

‘Alqamah b. Wa’il b. Hujr al-Hadrami said on the authority of the father:

A man from Hadramaw and a man from kindah came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). The hadrami said: Messenger of Allah, this (man) has seized land which belonged to my father. Al-Kindi said: That is my land in my possession and I cultivate it; he has no right to it. The Holy prophet (may be peace upon him) said to the Hadrami: Have you any proof? We said : No. he (the Prophet)said: Then he will swear an oath for you . He said: Messenger of Allah, he is a reprobate and he would not care to swear to anything and stick at nothing. He said: That is only your recourse

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ فَارِسٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا رَجُلٌ، مِنْ مُزَيْنَةَ – وَنَحْنُ عِنْدَ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ – عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَعْنِي لِلْيَهُودِ ‏ “‏ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ عَلَى مُوسَى مَا تَجِدُونَ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ عَلَى مَنْ زَنَى ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ فِي قِصَّةِ الرَّجْمِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3624

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3616

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Abu Hurairah said:

The holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) said to the Jew : I adjure you by Allah Who sent down the Torah to Moses ! do you not find in the Torah(a rule about a man) who commits adultery. He then narrated the rest of the tradition relating to the stoning.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ يَحْيَى أَبُو الأَصْبَغِ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدٌ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلَمَةَ – عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَبِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ، مِنْ مُزَيْنَةَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ يَتَّبِعُ الْعِلْمَ وَيَعِيهِ يُحَدِّثُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ بِمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3625

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3617

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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by al-Zuhri through a different chain of narrator. This version has:

A man from Muzainah who followed the knowledge and memorized it to me that sa’id b.al-Musayyab transmitted it. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَهُ يَعْنِي لاِبْنِ صُورِيَا ‏ “‏ أُذَكِّرُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي نَجَّاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ وَأَقْطَعَكُمُ الْبَحْرَ وَظَلَّلَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَى وَأَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكُمُ التَّوْرَاةَ عَلَى مُوسَى أَتَجِدُونَ فِي كِتَابِكُمُ الرَّجْمَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ذَكَّرْتَنِي بِعَظِيمٍ وَلاَ يَسَعُنِي أَنْ أَكْذِبَكَ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3626

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3618

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(28)

Chapter: A man who swears to establish his right

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(28)

باب الرَّجُلِ يَحْلِفُ عَلَى حَقِّهِ

Narrated Ikrimah:

The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to Ibn Suriya’: I remind you by Allah Who saved you from the people of Pharaoh, made you cover the sea, gave you the shade of clouds, sent down to you manna and quails, sent down you Torah to Moses, do you find stoning (for adultery) in your Book? He said: You have reminded me by the Great. It is not possible for me to belie you. He then transmitted the rest of the tradition.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ بْنُ نَجْدَةَ، وَمُوسَى بْنُ مَرْوَانَ الرَّقِّيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا بَقِيَّةُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ، عَنْ بَحِيرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ مَعْدَانَ، عَنْ سَيْفٍ، عَنْ عَوْفِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُمْ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَضَى بَيْنَ رَجُلَيْنِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الْمَقْضِيُّ عَلَيْهِ لَمَّا أَدْبَرَ حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَلُومُ عَلَى الْعَجْزِ وَلَكِنْ عَلَيْكَ بِالْكَيْسِ فَإِذَا غَلَبَكَ أَمْرٌ فَقُلْ حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3627

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3619

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(29)

Chapter: Regarding a person in debt, should he be detained?

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(29)

باب فِي الْحَبْسِ فِي الدَّيْنِ وَغَيْرِهِ

Narrated Awf ibn Malik:

The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) gave a decision between two men, and the one against whom the decision was given turned away and said: For me Allah sufficeth, and He is the best dispenser of affairs. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Allah, Most High, blames for falling short, but apply intelligence, and when the matter gets the better of you, say; For me Allah sufficeth, and He is the best disposer of affairs.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ وَبْرِ بْنِ أَبِي دُلَيْلَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الشَّرِيدِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ لَىُّ الْوَاجِدِ يُحِلُّ عِرْضَهُ وَعُقُوبَتَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ يُحِلُّ عِرْضَهُ يُغَلَّظُ لَهُ وَعُقُوبَتَهُ يُحْبَسُ لَهُ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3628

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3620

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Narrated Ash-Sharid:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: Delay in payment on the part of one who possesses means makes it lawful to dishonour and punish him. Ibn al-Mubarak said that “dishonour” means that he may be spoken to roughly and “punish” means he may be imprisoned for it.

حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ أَسَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا النَّضْرُ بْنُ شُمَيْلٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا هِرْمَاسُ بْنُ حَبِيبٍ، – رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ – عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِغَرِيمٍ لِي فَقَالَ لِي ‏”‏ الْزَمْهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي ‏”‏ يَا أَخَا بَنِي تَمِيمٍ مَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ بِأَسِيرِكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3629

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3621

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Narrated Grandfather of Hirmas ibn Habib:

I brought my debtor to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). He said to me: Stick to him. He again said to me: O brother of Banu Tamim, what do you want to do with your prisoner.

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ بَهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَبَسَ رَجُلاً فِي تُهْمَةٍ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3630

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3622

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Bahz bin Hakim, on his father’s authority, said that his grandfather told that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) imprisoned a man on suspicion.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ قُدَامَةَ، وَمُؤَمَّلُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، – قَالَ ابْنُ قُدَامَةَ – حَدَّثَنِي إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ بَهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، – قَالَ ابْنُ قُدَامَةَ – إِنَّ أَخَاهُ أَوْ عَمَّهُ وَقَالَ مُؤَمَّلٌ – إِنَّهُ قَامَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يَخْطُبُ فَقَالَ جِيرَانِي بِمَا أَخَذُوا ‏.‏ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهُ مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ شَيْئًا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ خَلُّوا لَهُ عَنْ جِيرَانِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَذْكُرْ مُؤَمَّلٌ وَهُوَ يَخْطُبُ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3631

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3623

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(30)

Chapter: Regarding authorization

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(30)

باب فِي الْوَكَالَةِ

Bahz ibn Hakim reported from his grandfather:

(Ibn Qudamah’s version has: His grandfather’s brother or uncle reported:) – the narrator Mu’ammal said: – He (his grandfather Mu’awiyah) got up before the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) who was giving sermon: and he said: Why have your companions arrested my neighbours? He turned away from him twice. He (his grandfather Mu’awiyah) then mentioned something. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then said: Let his neighbours go.

(Mu’ammal did not mention the words “He was giving sermon.”)

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَمِّي، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي نُعَيْمٍ، وَهْبِ بْنِ كَيْسَانَ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهُ يُحَدِّثُ، قَالَ أَرَدْتُ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى خَيْبَرَ فَأَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ وَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّي أَرَدْتُ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى خَيْبَرَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا أَتَيْتَ وَكِيلِي فَخُذْ مِنْهُ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ وَسْقًا فَإِنِ ابْتَغَى مِنْكَ آيَةً فَضَعْ يَدَكَ عَلَى تَرْقُوَتِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

        

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3632

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3624

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(31)

Chapter: Regarding judicial matters

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(31)

باب فِي الْقَضَاءِ

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

I intended to go (on expedition) to Khaybar. So I came to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), greeted him and said: I am intending to go to Khaybar. He said: When you come to my agent, you should take from him fifteen wasqs (of dates). If he asks you for a sign, then place your hand on his collar-bone.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُثَنَّى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ بُشَيْرِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْعَدَوِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا تَدَارَأْتُمْ فِي طَرِيقٍ فَاجْعَلُوهُ سَبْعَةَ أَذْرُعٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3633

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3625

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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: If you dispute over a pathway, leave the margin of seven yards.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، وَابْنُ أَبِي خَلَفٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا اسْتَأْذَنَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَخَاهُ أَنْ يَغْرِزَ خَشَبَةً فِي جِدَارِهِ فَلاَ يَمْنَعْهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَنَكَسُوا فَقَالَ مَا لِي أَرَاكُمْ قَدْ أَعْرَضْتُمْ لأُلْقِيَنَّهَا بَيْنَ أَكْتَافِكُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا حَدِيثُ ابْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ وَهُوَ أَتَمُّ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3634

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3626

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Abu Hurairah reported the Holy Prophet(may peace be upon him) as saying:

When one of you asks permission for inserting a wooden peg in his wall, he should not prevent him. So they (the people) lowered down their heads. Then he (Abu Hurairah) said: What is the matter ? I am seeing you are neglecting (to hear this tradition), I shall spread it among you.

Abu Dawud said:This is the tradition of Ibn Abi Khalaf is more perfect.

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَحْيَى، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنْ لُؤْلُؤَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي صِرْمَةَ، – قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ غَيْرُ قُتَيْبَةَ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ عَنْ أَبِي صِرْمَةَ صَاحِبِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم – عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ ضَارَّ أَضَرَّ اللَّهُ بِهِ وَمَنْ شَاقَّ شَاقَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3635

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3627

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Narrated AbuSirmah:

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: If anyone harms (others), Allah will harm him, and if anyone shows hostility to others, Allah will show hostility to him.

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَاصِلٌ، مَوْلَى أَبِي عُيَيْنَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ، مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَتْ لَهُ عَضُدٌ مِنْ نَخْلٍ فِي حَائِطِ رَجُلٍ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ قَالَ وَمَعَ الرَّجُلِ أَهْلُهُ قَالَ فَكَانَ سَمُرَةُ يَدْخُلُ إِلَى نَخْلِهِ فَيَتَأَذَّى بِهِ وَيَشُقُّ عَلَيْهِ فَطَلَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يَبِيعَهُ فَأَبَى فَطَلَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُنَاقِلَهُ فَأَبَى فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَطَلَبَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يَبِيعَهُ فَأَبَى فَطَلَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُنَاقِلَهُ فَأَبَى ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَهَبْهُ لَهُ وَلَكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ أَمْرًا رَغَّبَهُ فِيهِ فَأَبَى فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَنْتَ مُضَارٌّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِلأَنْصَارِيِّ ‏”‏ اذْهَبْ فَاقْلَعْ نَخْلَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3636

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3628

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Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin ‘Ali reported from Samurah ibn Jundub that he had a row of palm-trees in the garden of a man of the Ansar. The man had his family with him. Samurah used to visit his palm-trees, and the man was annoyed by that and felt it keenly. So he asked him (Samurah) to sell them to him, but he refused. He then asked him to take something else in exchange, but he refused.

So he came to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and mentioned it to him. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) asked him to sell it to him, but he refused. He asked him to take something else in exchange, but he refused.

He then said:

Give it to him and you can have such and such, mentioning something with which he tried to please him, but he refused. He then said: You are a nuisance. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then said to the Ansari: Go and uproot his palm-trees.

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً خَاصَمَ الزُّبَيْرَ فِي شِرَاجِ الْحَرَّةِ الَّتِي يَسْقُونَ بِهَا فَقَالَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ سَرِّحِ الْمَاءَ يَمُرُّ ‏.‏ فَأَبَى عَلَيْهِ الزُّبَيْرُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِلزُّبَيْرِ ‏”‏ اسْقِ يَا زُبَيْرُ ثُمَّ أَرْسِلْ إِلَى جَارِكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَغَضِبَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنْ كَانَ ابْنَ عَمَّتِكَ فَتَلَوَّنَ وَجْهُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ اسْقِ ثُمَّ احْبِسِ الْمَاءَ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الْجَدْرِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الزُّبَيْرُ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَحْسِبُ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ نَزَلَتْ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏{‏ فَلاَ وَرَبِّكَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ ‏}‏ الآيَةَ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3637

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3629

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Narrated Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr:

A man disputed with az-Zubayr about streamlets in the lava plain which was irrigated by them. The Ansari said: Release the water and let it run, but az-Zubayr refused. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to az-Zubayr: Water (your ground), Zubayr, then let the water run to your neighbour. The Ansari then became angry and said: Messenger of Allah! it is because he is your cousin! Thereupon the face of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) changed colour and he said: Water (your ground), then keep back the water till it returns to the embankment. Az-Zubayr said: By Allah! I think this verse came down about that: “But no , by thy Lord! they can have no (real) faith, until they make thee judge…..”

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ كَثِيرٍ – عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكِ بْنِ ثَعْلَبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ أَبِي مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ كُبَرَاءَهُمْ، يَذْكُرُونَ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ كَانَ لَهُ سَهْمٌ فِي بَنِي قُرَيْظَةَ فَخَاصَمَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي مَهْزُورٍ – يَعْنِي السَّيْلَ الَّذِي يَقْتَسِمُونَ مَاءَهُ – فَقَضَى بَيْنَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ الْمَاءَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ لاَ يَحْبِسُ الأَعْلَى عَلَى الأَسْفَلِ ‏.‏



Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3638

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3630

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Narrated Tha’labah ibn AbuMalik:

Tha’labah heard his elders say that a man from the Quraysh had his share with Banu Qurayzah (in water). He brought the dispute to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) about al-Mahzur, a stream whose water they shared together. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then decided that when water reached the ankles waters should not be held back to flow to the lower.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَضَى فِي السَّيْلِ الْمَهْزُورِ أَنْ يُمْسَكَ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُرْسِلُ الأَعْلَى عَلَى الأَسْفَلِ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3639

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3631

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‘Amr bin Shu’aib on his father’s authority said that his grandfather told that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) decided regarding the stream al-Mahzur that its water should be held back till it reached the ankles, and that the upper waters should then be allowed to flow to the lower.

حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عُثْمَانَ، حَدَّثَهُمْ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي طُوَالَةَ، وَعَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ اخْتَصَمَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَجُلاَنِ فِي حَرِيمِ نَخْلَةٍ – فِي حَدِيثِ أَحَدِهِمَا فَأَمَرَ بِهَا فَذُرِعَتْ فَوُجِدَتْ سَبْعَةَ أَذْرُعٍ وَفِي حَدِيثِ الآخَرِ – فَوُجِدَتْ خَمْسَةَ أَذْرُعٍ فَقَضَى بِذَاكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ فَأَمَرَ بِجَرِيدَةٍ مِنْ جَرِيدِهَا فَذُرِعَتْ ‏.‏

    

Reference          : Sunan Abi Dawud 3640

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3632

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Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

Two men brought their dispute about the precincts of a palm-tree to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). According to a version of this tradition, he ordered to measure and it was measured. It was found seven yards. According to another version, it was found five yards. He made a decision according to that. AbdulAziz said: He ordered to measure with a branch of its branches. It was then measured.


Reference     : Sunan Abi Dawud

In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 0

English translation     : Book 24, Hadith 3633

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