Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations
By Ibn Katheer
The Hadeeth Of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq
Once, when Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq recovered from a sickness, he went out to the people, apologized for something, and then said, “Our intention was only for good.” He then said, “The Messenger of Allah related to us that, ‘the Dajjaal will come out in the land of the East; it is called Khurasaan. A group of people, who have faces like shields, will follow him.— (Ahmad) Ibn Maajah and At- Tirmidhee related it from Rooh ibn ‘Ubaadah, and At-Tirmidhee said, “Hasan Saheeh.”
The Hadeeth Of ‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib
‘Alee said, “We mentioned the Dajjaal in the presence of the Prophet he was sleeping. He woke up, red in color, and he said, “Other than that do I fear more upon you.” (Ahmad)
The Hadeeth Of Sa’ad Ibn Abee Waqqaas
Sa’ad related from Maalik from his father from his father, that the Messenger of Allah said, “Every single Prophet described the Dajjaal to his nation, and I will describe a quality of his that no one before me has described (regarding him). He is indeed one-eyed, and Allah ‘Azza wa-Jall (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) is not one-eyed.” (Ahmad)
The Hadeeth Of Abu ‘Ubaidah Ibn Al-Jarraah
Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al-Jarraah related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Indeed, there was never a Prophet except that he warned his people about the Dajjaal, and I am warning you about him.” Abu ‘Ubaidah said, “The Messenger of Allah, then described him for us and said, ‘Perhaps some who see (me) and hear my speech will reach him (i.e., will be alive when he comes out). —The Companions. said, “O Messenger of Allah, how will our hearts be at that time?” He said, “The same – as today – or better.” It is related by At-Tirmidhee, who said that it is Hasan. Abu Daawood related it as well, and Ahmad related a part of it.
The Hadeeth Of Ubai Ibn Ka’ab
‘Abdullah Ibn Khabbaab listened to Ubai Ibn Ka’ab as he was relating from the Messenger of Allah When the Dajjaal was mentioned in his presence, he said, “It is as if one of his two eyes is glass. And seek refuge in Allah from the punishment of the grave.” (Ahmad)
The Hadeeth Of Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree
Abu Sa’eed related that the Messenger of Allah said, “I am indeed the Seal of 1000 or more (Prophets). No followed Prophet was sent except that he warned his nation about the Dajjaal, and a matter has indeed been made clear to me, which has not hitherto been made clear to anyone. He is one-eyed and indeed your Lord is not one-eyed. It is his right eye that is ‘Aouraa (defected); it is not concealed but rather protrudes abnormally, as if it is phlegm on a plastered wall. And his left eye is like a glistening star. With him is every language and with him is a picture of Paradise, with greenery; and in it water flows; and (with him is) a picture of the Fire, black and giving off smoke.” (Ahmad)
A Hadeeth Related From Anas Ibn Maalik
Anas ibn Maalik related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal will come and step on every part of the earth except for Makkah and Al-Madeenah. He will come to Al-Madeenah and find at each of its mountain-passes rows of angels. Then he will go the side of a land that is barren and salty, and he will strike his tent (or place where he is seated). Al-Madeenah will shake three times, and every male and female hypocrite will come out of it and go to him.” (Ahmad) Muslim related it as well, but through another chain.
Another Chain From Anas
Anas related that the Prophet said, “Indeed the Dajjaal is oneeyed, from the left (eye), over which is coarse skin. Written between his eyes is Kafara (the past-tense verb for disbelief) or Kaafir (disbelief).” (Ahmad) This narration fulfills the conditions of Bukhaaree and Muslim.
Another Chain From Anas
Anas ibn Maalik related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal will come out from the Jews of Asbahaan; with him are 70,000 Jews, and upon them are crowns.” (Ahmad) And Anas related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal has an eye that is effaced, and between his eyes is written Kaafir (disbeliever).”
Then the Prophet spoke the letters (of Kaafir): Ka-Fa-Ra. He, then said, “Every Muslim will read it.” (Ahmad) And in another narration, Anas ibn Maalik related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal is one-eyed, and indeed, your Lord is not oneeyed. Written between the eyes of the Dajjaal is Kaafir, which every believer will read, regardless of whether he is literate or illiterate.” (Ahmad) Muslim related it as well, but through another chain.
Yet Another Chain From Anas
Anas related that the Messenger of Allah it said, “No Prophet was sent except that he warned his nation about the One-Eyed Liar; except he is indeed one-eyed, and your Lord is not one-eyed. Written between the eyes of the Dajjaal is Kaafir (disbeliever).” (Ahmad) Bukhaaree and Muslim related it from Sho’bah.
A Hadeeth From Safeenah
Safeenah, a freed slave of the Messenger of Allah, said, “The Messenger of Allahgave us a sermon and said, ‘Lo! Verily, there was no Prophet before me except that he warned his nation about the Dajjaal; he is ‘Aawar (one-eyed) from the right eye. On his right eye is coarse skin, and written between his eyes is Kaafir (disbeliever). Two valleys will come out with him; one of them is his paradise and the other is his fire: in reality, his fire is paradise and his paradise is fire. With him are two angels who resemble two Prophets had I wished to give their names (i.e. of the two Prophets) and the name of their fathers, I would have done so. One of them is on his right, and the other is on his left, and that is Fitnah (trial). The Dajjaal will say: ‘Am I not your Lord? Do I not give life and cause death?’ One of the two angels will say: ‘You have lied.’
But none of the people will hear him; only his companion (the other angel) hears him, and he will respond: ‘You have spoken the truth.’ The people will hear him and think that he is approving of and confirming the Dajjaal — and that is Fitnah (trial). He will continue moving until he tries to enter Al-Madeenah, but permission to enter it will not be given to him. He will say: ‘This is the village of that man.’ Then he will continue to travel until he reaches Ash-Sham, and Allah will destroy him at ‘Aqabah Afeeq.”‘ (Ahmad) Ahmad alone related it; its chain is okay but the text has Gharaabah and Nakaarah in it. And Allah if, knows best.
The Hadeeth Of Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal
Abu Lailah ibn Abee Umayyah related that a group of people entered upon Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal when he was sick. They said to him, “Relate to us a Hadeeth that you heard from the Messenger of Allah and that you have not forgotten?” He said, “Help me sit down.” Some of the people took him by the hand while others seated themselves behind him. He said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, “There was no Prophet that did not warn his nation about the Dajjaal, and I am indeed warning you about his affair.
He is one-eyed, and indeed, my Lord ‘Azza wa-Jall (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) is not one-eyed. Written between the eyes of the Dajjaal is Kaafir (disbeliever). Every literate and illiterate one will read it. He will have with him a paradise and a fire; in reality, his fire is paradise and his paradise is fire.” Our Shaikh, Al-Haafidh Adh-Dhahabee, said, “Khunais was the only one who related it, and we know of nothing to take away from his reputation as a narrator. And its chain is authentic.”
Samarah related this from the Prophet “The Dajjaal is ‘Aawar (oneeyed) from the left eye; upon it is coarse skin.” This narration is mentioned by Adh-Dhahabee in his book about the Dajjaal. However, this Hadeeth with this chain is not in the Musnad, nor is it in any of the Six Books. And it would have been more worthy of the Shaikh to give. its chain or to ascribe it to a well-known book. And Allah It is the granter of success.
A Hadeeth Related From Samarah Ibn Janaadah Ibn Jundub
Tha’labah ibn ‘Ibaad Al-‘Abdee, from the people of Basrah, said, “One day, I attended the Khutbah of Samarah. In it, he mentioned a Hadeeth about the eclipse prayer. He mentioned that the Messenger of Allah gave a sermon after the eclipse prayer, and in it he said, ‘By Allah, the Hour will not arrive until 30 come out, the last of them being the One-Eyed Dajjaal, whose left eye is effaced, as if it is the eye of Abee Yahyaa. When he comes out — or whenever he comes out — he will indeed claim that he is Allah. Whoever has faith in him, believes in him, and follows him, his past good deeds will not benefit him. And whoever disbelieves in him and rejects him will not be punished for any of his deeds – Al-Hasan said, ‘for any of his past deeds’ — and he will appear on all of the earth except for the Haram and Jerusalem. And he will besiege the believers in Jerusalem.
They will be shaken violently and then Allah will destroy him. Then the base of a garden and the root of a tree will call out: O believer, this is a Jew — and this is a disbeliever — so kill him. But that will not come to pass like that until you see matters intensify in significance within your own selves, and you will ask one another— did your Prophet mention to you some of those matters…” (Ahmad) Tha’labah then attended another Khutbah of Samarah, and he repeated the exact same words, without changing anything in the least. The basis for this Hadeeth is with the compilers of the Four Sunan. At-Tirmidhee ruled it to be authentic; Ibn Hibbaan related it as well and Al-Haakim related it in his Mustadrak.
Another Hadeeth From Samarah
Samarah ibn Junaadah ibn Jundub related that the Messenger of Allah used to say, “Indeed the Dajjaal will come out, and he is ‘Aawar (one-eyed) from the left eye; over it is coarse skin. He will heal the one who was born blind and the leper, and he will bring life to the dead. He will say: ‘I am your lord.’ Whoever says, ‘you are my lord,’ then he has been put to trial. And whoever says, ‘my Lord is Allah,’ until he dies, then he is protected from the Fitnah of the Dajjaal and there is no Fitnah (trial) upon him, nor any punishment.
He will stay on earth for a period that Allah wills, and then ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will come from the West, confirming Muhammad upon his Millah (his creed and Shariah), and he will kill the Dajjaal. Then all that remains is the arrival of the Hour.” (Ahmad)
Samarah. reported that the Messenger of Allah used to say, “Indeed, the Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal is ‘Aawar (one-eyed) from the left eye; upon it is coarse skin that covers it. He will heal the one who is born blind and the leper, and he will bring life to the dead. And he will say, ‘I am your lord’ Whoever seeks protection in Allah and then says, ‘My Lord is Allah,’ and then continues to refuse (the Dajjaar s invitation to follow him) until he dies, then there is neither punishment upon him nor Fitnah (trial). And whoever says, ‘You are my lord,’ then he will have been put to trial. The Dajjaal will remain on earth for a period that Allah wills for him to remain. Then ‘Eesa will come from the East, confirming Muhammad upon his Millah (i.e. his creed and Shariah). Then he will kill the Dajjaal.” (Tabaraanee) This Hadeeth is Ghareeb.
A Hadeeth From Jaabir
Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah as he overlooked one among other lowlands between hills in Al-Harrah (literally, rocks that are black, as if they were burned. The Harrah of Madeenah is a well-known place). He said, blessed is the land of AI-Madeenah; when the Dajjaal comes out, there hill be an angel at each of its mountain-passes. He will not enter it When that will occur, Al-Madeenah will shake its inhabitants with three quakes, and then every single male and female hypocrite will go out to him — most of them will be women. That is the Day of Deliverance, the day that Al-Madeenah gets rid of filth just as bellows get rid of the filth of metal.
The Dajjaal will have with him 70,000 Jews, and upon each one of them is a shawl and an adorned sword. He will strike his tent (and the place he is sitting upon) on this side where the streams meet.” The Messenger of Allah then said, “There was never a Fitnah (trial) nor will there be one, until the coming of the Hour, that is greater than the Fitnah of the Dajjaal.
Every single Prophet warned his nation about him. I will give you some information that no Prophet ever gave to his nation.” He then placed his hands over his head and said, “I bear witness that Allah is not one-eyed (i.e., the Dajjaal is one-eyed).” (Ahmad) Imam Ahmad alone related this Hadeeth; its chain is good, and Al-Haakim ruled it to be authentic.
Another Chain From Jaabir
Jaabir related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Verily, I am the Seal of 1000 or more Prophets, and every single one of them warned his people about the Dajjaal. A matter has been made clear to me that was not made clear to anyone from them: He is one-eyed, and indeed, your Lord is not one-eyed.” (Related by Abu Bakr Al-Bazzaar) Al-Bazzaar alone related it; its chain is Hasan but its wording is extremely Ghareeb. And in another narration, Jaabir related that the Messenger of Allah mentioned the Dajjaal and said, “Verily, he is one-eyed, and indeed your Lord is not one-eyed.” (Related by ‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad in As-Sunnah) ibn Abee Shaibah related it as well.
Another Chain From Jaabir
Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah. related that the Prophet said, “Ad-Dajjaal is one-eyed and he is the most severe of the liars.” (Ahmad) And in another narration, Jaabir related that the Prophet said, “A group, from my nation will remain victorious upon the truth until ‘Eesa ibn Maryam descends.” (Muslim)
A Hadgeth Related From Ibn ‘Abbaas
Ibn ‘Abbaas related that the Prophet said regarding the Dajjaal: “He is one-eyed, white and shiny as if his head is an Asalah (the most foul kind of snake). The closest person in resemblance to him is ‘Abdul-‘Uzzah ibn Qatan (a man from Khuzaa’ah, who died during the days of ignorance). And verily, your Lord is not one-eyed.” (Ahmad) And in a narration about the Israa, Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “With his own eyes, and not with a vision from a dream, he saw the Dajjaal in his appearance as well as ‘Eesa and Ibraheem. When he was asked about the Dajjaal, he said, ‘I saw him, and one of his eyes was standing as if it was a glistening star, and it was as if his hair was like the branches of a tree!” (Ahmad)
There Is No Fitnah (Trial) In This World Greater Than The Fitnah Of The Dajjaal
Hishaam ibn ‘Aamir Al-Ansaaree related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Between the creation of Adam and the arrival of the Hour, there is no Fitnah greater than the Dajjaal.” (Ahmad)
Hishaam ibn ‘Aamir Al-Ansaaree said to his neighbors, “You go beyond me to men who were not more often present with the Messenger of Allah (than me) nor more absorbing of his Hadeeth than I. And verily, I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘Between the creation of Adam and the arrival of the Hour, there is no Fitnah greater than the Dajjaal.”‘ (Ahmad) Muslim related this Hadeeth from Ayyoob.
Hishaam ibn ‘Aamir related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed, the head of the Dajjaal is Hubuk Hubuk (very curly) from behind. Whoever says (to him), ‘You are my lord,’ then he will be put to trial. And whoever says, ‘You have lied; my Lord is Allah and upon him I place my trust,’ then the Dajjaal will not harm him,” or he said, “then there is no trial upon him.” (Ahmad)
A Hadeeth Related From Ibn ‘Umar
Ibn ‘Umar related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The place of the Dajjaal is in this barren, salty land. The most people w b will come out to him will be women, to the extent that a man will return to his wife, his mother, his daughter, his sister, and his aunt, and he will tie her (or them) up with cord, fearing that she (or they) kill go out to him. Then Allah will give control to the Muslims over him, and they will kill him and kill his supporters. A Jew will hide underneath a tree and a rock, and the rock and tree will say to the Muslims, ‘This is a Jew underneath me, so kill him.”‘ (Ahmad)
Another Chain From Saalim
Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah stood before the people. Next, he praised Allah with praises that He is worthy of (in terms of His Greatness and Exaltedness). He then mentioned the Dajjaal, saying, “Indeed, I am warning you about him, and every single Prophet warned his people about him. Noah warned his people about him. But I will say to you something about him that no Prophet said to his people: know that he is one-eyed and that, verily, Allah is not one-eyed.”
The Prophet Foretold That The Muslims Will Fight The Jews And Be Victorious Over Them, To The Extent That A Jew Will Not Find A Hiding Place To Protect Him From The Sword Of A Muslim
We already related this from As-Saheeh in the Hadeeth about Ibn Sayyaad; in it, Ibn ‘Umar related that the Messenger of Allah said, “You will fight the Jews and you will be given power over them, to the extent that a rock will say, “0 Muslim, this is a Jew behind me, so kill him.” The source of this narration is in Bukhaaree and Muslim.
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “We were speaking during the farewell pilgrimage, yet we did not know then that it was a farewell from the Messenger of Allah During the farewell pilgrimage, the Messenger of Allah delivered a sermon; in it, he mentioned the Dajjaal, actually speaking at length about him. He said, ‘Allah did not send a Prophet except that he warned his nation about the Dajjaal. Verily, Noah warned his nation about him, and the Prophets after him warned their respective nations about him. Lo! Something that was hidden from them regarding his affair will not be hidden from you: he is indeed one-eyed, and verily, your Lord is not one-eyed.” (Ahmad, who was alone in relating it through this chain)
Ibn ‘Umar related that the Messenger of Allah said, “There was not a single Prophet that did not describe the Dajjaal to his nation, and I will describe him with an attribute than no one before me described him with. Indeed he is one-eyed, and verily, Allah is not one-eyed.” (Ahmad)
Ibn ‘Umar related that the Prophet was asked about the Dajjaal, and he answered, “Lo! Indeed your Lord ‘Azza wa-Jall (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) is not one-eyed, and verily, Ad-Dajjaal is ‘Aawar (one-eyed) from the right eye, as if it is a floating grape.” (At-Tirmidhee, who said, “This Hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh”)
The Hadeeth Of ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar
Shahr ibn Haushab said, “When the time came to pledge allegiance to Yazeed ibn Mu’aawiyah, I went to Ash-Shaam, and I was informed about the place where ‘Aouf Al-Bakkaalee was staying. When I went to him, another man came, over whom the people were lowering a garment — he was ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aaas, When ‘Aouf saw him, he refrained from speaking.
‘Abdullah said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: ‘There will indeed be migration after migration; people will resort to the place of Ibraheem’s migration. None will remain on earth except for the most evil of people; their lands will expel them, and the fire will gather them with the apes and pigs; it will spend the night with them wherever it is they spend the night, and it will be with them during the day wherever it is they take their day nap And it will consume those who remain behind.”‘ (Ahmad) And ‘Abdullah said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, “People from my nation will come out from the East; they will recite the Qur’an but it will not go beyond their collarbone.
Every time a group from them appears, it will be cut off,” and he counted that to be more than ten times. “Every time a group from them appears, it will be cut off, until the Dajjaal comes out among those who remain from them.” (Ahmad) And Abu Daawood related it through another chain.
A Hadeeth That Is Ghareeb In Its Chain And Its Text
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr related that the Prophet said regarding the Dajjaal, “Verily, he is one-eyed, and indeed Allah is not one-eyed. He will come out and remain on earth for 40 mornings, going to every place of water except for the Ka’bah, Jerusalem, and Al-Madeenah. A month will be like a week and week will be like a day.
He will have with him a paradise and a fire; his fire is in actuality paradise, and his paradise is in actuality fire. With him will be a mountain of bread and a river of water. He will call for a man to be brought to him, and Allah will not allow for him to have power over anyone except for him. The Dajjaal will say to him, ‘What do you say regarding me?’ The man will say, ‘You are the enemy of Allah; you are Ad-Dajjaal, the Liar’ The Dajjaal will call for a saw to be brought; he will lay him down, cut him in half, and then revive him.
Then he will say to him, ‘What do you say?’ The man will say, ‘By Allah, I never had a clearer understanding of you than I do now. You are the enemy of Allah ‘Azza wa-Jall (To Him belongs Might and Majesty); (you are) the Dajjaal that the Messenger of Allah informed us about.’ The Dajjaal will pounce down on him with his sword but he will not be able to (harm him), and then he will say, ‘Take him away from me.”‘ (At-Tabaraanee) Our Shaikh, Adh- Dhahabee, said, “This Hadeeth is Ghareeb.”
The Hadeeth Of Asmaa Bint Yazeed Al-Ansaariyyah
Asmaa bint Yazeed Al-Ansaariyyah said, “When the Messenger of Allah was in my house, he mentioned the Dajjaal, saying, ‘Before him are three years: a year in which the sky will hold back one-third of its rain, and the earth one-third of its crops; the second year, in which the sky will hold back two-thirds of its rain, and the earth two-thirds of its crops; and the third, in which the sky will hold back all of its rain, and the earth all of its crops. Every beast that has a molar or a hoof will be destroyed. His greatest Fitnah (trial) will be that he will go to a Bedouin and say, ‘Suppose that I were to bring your father and your brother back to life, would you then know that I am indeed your lord?’ He will say, ‘Yes.’ Two devils will then appear before him in the shape of his father and brother.
” Asmaa said, “Then the Messenger of Allah went out to fulfill a need, and by the time he returned, the people were in a state of anxiety over that which he related to them. He took the two rings of the door and said, ‘what is it, Asmaa!’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, you have extracted our hearts with the mention of the Dajjaall” The Prophet said, “If he comes out while I am alive, then I am his opponent; otherwise, my Lord is indeed my Khaleefah over every believer (i.e. their Guardian and Protector).”
Asmaa said, “O Messenger of Allah, by Allah, we knead our dough and we bake so as to not go hungry. What will be the situation of the believers at that time?” He said, “That which is sufficient for the inhabitants of the sky in terms of At-Tasbeeh (to say: Subhaanallah, how perfect Allah is!) and At-Taqdees (glorification of Allah) will be sufficient for them.” (Ahmad) Ahmad related it through another chain as well, a chain that is okay.
In another narration, Asmaa related that the Messenger of Allah said, “As for whoever attends my gathering and hears my speech, then let the one who is present convey (my words) to the one who is absent. And know that Allah is Saheeh (well, perfect, and without defect) and not one-eyed. He (the Dajjaal) has an eye that is effaced, and written between his eyes is ‘Kaafir (disbeliever),’ which every believer will read, regardless of whether he is literate or illiterate.” We will mention a similar narration from Asmaa bint ‘Umais, yet this is the one that is Mahfooz (memorized by the trustworthy ones), and Allah knows best.
The Hadeeth Of ‘Aaisha
‘Aaisha related that the Messenger of Allah mentioned extremely difficult times just before the arrival of the Dajjaal. The Companions asked, “What wealth will be of most value at that time?” He said, “A black boy (or servant) giving water to his family; as for food, there is none.” They asked, “At that time, what will be the food of the believers?” He said, “At-Tasbeeh (to say ‘Subhaanallah,’ how perfect Allah is!), At-Takbeer ( Allahuakbar,’ Allah is the greatest), and At-Tahleel (‘Laailaha illallaah,’ none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).” ‘Aaisha said, “Where will the Arabs be at that time?” He said, “They will be few.” (Ahmad)
Only Ahmad related it, and its chain contains some Gharaabah. But we have already mentioned the Ahaadeeth of Asmaa and Abee Umaamah, both of which attest to this one, and Allah knows best.
Another Chain From ‘Aaishah
‘Aaisha said, “The Messenger of Allah entered upon me as I was crying.” He said, “And what makes you cry.” “0 Messenger of Allah, I remembered the Dajjaal, and I cried.” The Messenger of Allah, said, “If the Dajjaal comes out while I am alive, then I will be enough for you (against) him. And if he comes out after me, then indeed, your Lord is not one-eyed. The Dajjaal will issue forth from the Jews of Asbahaan until he arrives at Al-Madeenah. He will descend beside it, and at that time it will have seven gates, and at each of its mountain-passes there will be two angels (blocking the entry of the Dajjaal). Its evil inhabitants will come out to him (while the righteous inhabitants remain in Al-Madeenah). Then he will go to Ash-Sham, to the city Palestine, to the door Lud. ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend and kill him. ‘Eesa will remain on the earth for 40 years — a just Imam and a fair ruler.” (Ahmed)
The Dajjaal Will Neither Enter Makkah Al-Mukarramah Nor AI-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah
‘Aaisha related that the Prophet said, “The Dajjaal will not enter Makkah and Al-Madeenah.” (Ahmed) An-Nasaaee related it through another chain. And it is established in As-Saheeh that Asmaa bint Abu Bakr said in the Hadeeth of the Eclipse Prayer, “That day the Messenger of Allah said in his sermon, ‘It has indeed been revealed to me that you will be put to trial shortly or before the Fitnah of Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal.’ I do not know which of the two he said.”
Umm Shareek reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “The people will flee from the Dajjaal until they reach the peaks of mountains.” Umm Shareek said, “O Messenger of Allah, where will the Arabs be at that time?” He said, “They will be few.”
A Hadeeth From Umm Salamah
Umm Salamah said, “One evening, I remembered the Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal and sleep did not come to me. When I woke up, I entered upon the Messenger of Allah and I informed him (of what happened). He said, “Do not do that, for indeed, if he comes out while I am among you, Allah will make me enough for you; and if he comes out after I die, Allah will make the righteous ones sufficient for him sufficient to fight him, and it will be ‘Eesa who will kill him).” He then stood and said, “Every single Prophet warned his nation about him (i.e. the Dajjaal), and I am indeed warning you about him. He is one-eyed, and verily, Allah is not one-eyed.” Adh-Dhahabee said, “Its chain is strong.”
And the following is mentioned in the Hadeeth of Ibn Khadeej, which is related by At-Tabaree: in it, the Qadariyyah are censured and are said to be the Zanaadiqah of this nation. During their time, there will be the oppression of the ruler, as well as his injustice and his haughtiness. Then Allah will send a plague, and most of them will perish. Then there will be Al-Khasf (swallowing of the earth with those who are on it). Few are they who will be saved from them. At that time, the believer will rarely be happy, and his anxiety will be extreme.
Then Al-Maseeh will come, and Allah will transform their general population into apes and pigs. Right after that, the Dajjaal will come out.” Raafai ibn Khadeej said, “Then the Messenger of Allah cried until we began to cry because of his crying. We said, ‘What makes you cry?’ He said, ‘Mercy for those people, for among them is the just one and among them is the Mujtahid.—
A Hadeeth From ‘Uthmaan Ibn Abee Waqqaas
Abu Nazrah said, “We went to ‘Uthmaan ibn Abee Ali on Friday in order to compare our Mushaf (copy of the Qur’an) with his Mushaf. When the time for the Jumu’ah (prayer) arrived, he ordered us and we took a shower. Then Teeb (perfume) was brought to us, and we applied it. We then went to the Masjid and sat beside a man who was speaking to us about the Dajjaal. When ‘Uthmaan ibn Abee Al-‘Aas came, we stood, but then he sat, and so we sat also.
” ‘Uthmaan said to them, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘The Muslims will have three countries: a country at the meeting of two seas, a country in Al-Jazeerah, and a country in Ash-Sham. People will become alarmed three times, and the Dajjaal will come out in the ‘Aaraadh of the people. He will defeat those in the East. The first country he will go to is the one that is at the meeting of two seas. Its people will become divided into three groups: a group that will settle down in Ash-Sham and see what he a group that will catch up to the Bedouins, and a group that will go to the country next to them. With the Dajjaal there will be 70,000, and upon them there will be crowns. Most of those who are with him will be Jews and women.
Then he will go the country beside it, and they will become divided into three groups: a group that will settle down in Ash-Sham and see what he is, a group that will go to the Bedouins, and a group that will go to the country that is beside theirs, and it is in Western Sham. And the Muslims will betake themselves to ‘Aqabah Afeeq; they will send their livestock forth, and their livestock will become afflicted. That will be hard upon them, for they will be afflicted with severe hunger and harsh difficulties, to the extent that one of them will bum the string of his bow and eat it. While they are upon that state, a caller will call out in the late night, just before Al-Fajr, ‘O people, rescue has come to you.’
He will repeat that three times. People will say to one another, ‘Indeed that is the voice of a man who is full. “Eesa ibn Maryam will descend at the time of the Fajr Prayer, and the leader of the people will say, ‘O Roohullah, go forward and lead the prayer.’ He will say, ‘In this Nation, some of its members are leaders for the rest.’ So their leader will step forward and lead the prayer. When he will complete his prayer, ‘Eesa will take his spear and go toward the Dajjaal. When the Dajjaal will see him, he will melt like lead does.
‘Eesa will place his spear underneath the chest of the Dajjaal, and he will kill him. The Dajjaal’s companions will be defeated, and at that time, they will not have anything to hide behind. Even the tree will say, ‘O believer, this is a disbeliever.’ And the rock will say, ‘O believer, this is a disbeliever.'” (Ahmad) Only Ahmad related this narration. By dint of what Imam Ahmad related, perhaps the two countries (or cities) referred to are Basrah and Kufa.
‘Abdullah ibn Abee Bakrah said that when he was in the Masjid of Basrah, his father related to him that the Messenger of Allah said, “A group from my nation will settle in a land called Basrah. Its inhabitants will increase in number and there will be many datetrees in it. Then the children of Qantoor, who have small eyes, will descend on a bridge of theirs, which is called Dijlah.
The Muslims will be divided into three groups: one group will take camels by their tails and go to the desert, and it will perish; another group will remain behind, being fearful for itself, and this is the same as that (i.e. it will perish); the last group will put their families behind their backs — these will be the best of them, (and they will be) martyrs.
Allah will make victorious those who remain from them (i.e. from this last group).” (Ahmad) Ahmad related it through another chainas well; in it, Abu Bakrah said that the children of Qantoor are the Turks (i.e., the Tatars). And Abu Daawood also related it. ‘Abdullah ibn Buraidah related from his father this Hadeeth from the Prophet “Following you are the small-eyed ones — meaning the Turks (i.e., the Tatars).
They will drive you on three times, until they reach you in the Arabian Peninsula. The first time around, those who flee will be saved. The second time around, some will be saved and some will perish. And the third time around, they will be uprooted.” (Ahmad) [This is the narration of Ahmad; the narration of Abu Daawood is in absolute contrast, for in it, it is the Muslims who chase the Turks three
times, and it is the Turks who perish in the second and third times (‘Aoun Al-Ma’bood)]
Ibn Mas’ood said, “When the Dajjaal comes out, people will be divided into three groups: one group will follow him; one group will go to a land that has Manaabit Ash-Sheeh; and the last group will go the shores of Iraq; he will fight them and they will fight him until the believers gather in the villages of Ash-Sham. They will send an advance party, among whom there will be a rider whose horse is white with redness or it is black and white. They will be killed, with not a single one of them returning.” (Related by Ath-Thauree)
The Hadeeth Of ‘Abdullah Ibn Yusr
‘Abdullah ibn Yusr related that he heard the Prophet say, “The Dajjaal will reach whomsoever he sees.” Our Shaikh, Adh-Dhahabee said that Abu Az-Zaaraf, one of the narrators, is not known and that the Hadeeth is Munkar. However, there is a Hadeeth of Abu ‘Ubaidah which attests to it.
The Hadeeth Of Salamah Ibn Al-Akwa
Salamah ibn Al-Akwa’ said, “I advanced with the Messenger of Allah, from Al-‘Afeeq until we reached Ath-Thunayyah. He said, ‘I am indeed looking at the places where the enemy of Allah, Al-Maseeh (Ad-Dajjaal), will be. He will come until he descends…and he will wait until the mob (i.e. the hypocrites) comes out to him. There is no mountain-pass from the mountain passes of Al-Madeenah except that over it is an angel or two angels to protect it.
The Dajjaal will have with him two pictures — a picture of Paradise and a picture of the Fire. There will be devils (with him) that will appear in the shape of parents, and one of them will say to the living, ‘Do you know me? I am your father (or) I am your brother (or) I am a relative of yours. Did I not die? This is our lord, so follow him.’ Allah will decree whatsoever He pleases regarding him. Allah will send a man from the Muslims to the Dajjaal; that man will silence him and reproach him. He will say, ‘O people, do not be deceived by him, for he is indeed a liar who speaks falsehood.
And indeed your Lord is not one-eyed.’ The Dajjaal will say to him, ‘Will you not follow me?’ Then he will go to him and cut him into two pieces, separating between the two (pieces). Then he will say, ‘Shall I bring him back for you?’ Allah will raise him, making him disbelieve more vehemently (in the Dajjaal) and making him more severe in his denunciation. He will say, ‘O people, all that you saw was a tribulation that your were afflicted with and a trial that you were tested with. Lo! If he is truthful, let him do the same to me a second time. Lo! He is a liar.’ The Dajjaal will order that he be brought to (his) fire, which in actuality is Paradise. Then the Dajjaal will head toward Ash-Sham.” (At-Tabaraanee) Moosa ibn ‘Ubaidah Al-Yazeedee, one of the narrators, is weak in this context.
The Hadeeth Of Maihjin Ibn Al-Adra’
Maihjin ibn Al-Adra’ reported that, one day, the Messenger of Allah addressed the people, saying, “The Day of Deliverance — and what is the Day of Deliverance?” He A repeated this three times, and it was said, “And what is the Day of Deliverance?” Hem’, said, “The Dajjaal will come, climb (Mount) Uhud, and look at Al-Madeenah. Then he will say to his companions, ‘Do you know this white castle? This is the Masjid of Ahmad.’ Then he will come to Al-Madeenah, but will find at each of its mountain-passes an angel with an unsheathed sword. He will go to the side of a salty, barren land, and he will strike his tent (and the ground). Next, Al-Madeenah will quake three times: every single male and female hypocrite and every single male and female wicked-doer will leave it, going out to him. That is the Day of Deliverance.” (Ahmad)
The Best Of Your Religion Is The Easiest Of It
Maihjin ibn Al-Adra’ said, “The Messenger of Allah took my hand, climbed (Mount) Uhud, and looked over Al-Madeenah. He said, ‘Alas! It is the pleasure of my eye, and I will leave it upon the best state it will be upon – or as good as the best state it will be upon. The Dajjaal will come to it, and he will find an angel with an unsheathed sword at each of its gates, and he will not enter it.’
Taking hold of my hand, he A descended and then entered the Masjid. Inside, a man was praying, and the Prophet said to me, ‘Who is this?’ I praised him well. He said, ‘Be quiet and do not let him hear you; otherwise you will destroy him.’ He then went to an apartment of one of his wives; he released my hand from his and said, ‘Indeed, the best of your religion is the easiest of it; indeed, the best of your religion is the easiest of it.— (Ahmad)
The Hadeeth Of Abu Hurairah
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah. said, “The Hour will not come to pass until the Muslims fight the Jews, and the Muslims will kill them. A Jew will hide behind a rock and a tree; the rock and tree will say, ‘O Muslim – O ‘Abdullah, this is a Jew behind me, so come and kill him.’ The only exception is the Gharqad tree (a tree that grows anywhere between 1 and 3 meters high; its root and
its branches are white), for it is the tree of the Jews.” (Ahmad) With the same chain, Muslim related the following Hadeeth from Qateebah: “The Hour will not arrive until you will fight the Turks (“Turks” means the Tatars and their descendants)…” We have already mentioned this Hadeeth with its different chains and wordings. It appears — and Allah knows best — that the Turks (referred to) are Jews as well, and the Dajjaal is from the Jews, which we know from a previously mentioned Hadeeth narrated by Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq m and related in Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee, and Ibn Maajah.
Another Chain From Abu Hurairah
Abu Hurairah related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “The Dajjaal will descend with Hooraan and Kirmaan, with 70,000 (people), as if their faces are shields.” The chain of this Hadeeth is good, strong, and Hasan.
Another Chain From Abu Hurairah
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah gave a sermon to the people and he mentioned the Dajjaal, saying, “There was not a Prophet that did not warn his nation about him (i.e. the Dajjaal), and I will describe him for you, mentioning an attribute that no Prophet before me described him with. Indeed, he is oneeyed, and written between his eyes is Kaafir (disbeliever). Every believer will read it, regardless of whether he writes or doesn’t write (i.e. whether he is literate or illiterate).” (Related by Hanbal Ibn Ishaaq)
By The Command Of Allah, Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah And Makkah Al-Mukarramah Are Guarded By Angels
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Al-Madeenah and Makkah are surrounded by angels; upon each of their mountain-passes are angels. The Dajjaal will not enter it, nor will plague.” (Ahmad) This narration is very much Ghareeb. The mention of “Makkah” and “plague” is not what is memorized. And Allah knows best.
The Hadeeth Of ‘Ubaadah Ibn As-Saamit
‘Ubaadah ibn As-Saamit reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed, I spoke to you about the Dajjaal, and then I feared that you would not comprehend. Indeed Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjjaal is a short man, Abha (there is a large gap separating between his calves), and Ja’ad (i.e., possessing a compact and powerful physique). One of his eyes is effaced. If he makes you confused, then know that your Lord ‘Azza wa-Jail (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) is not oneeyed.” (Abu Daawood) Ahmad And An-Nasaaee related it as well, and each with his own chain.
The Prophet Attested To The Merits of Banu Tameem
Abu Hurairah said, “I continue to love Banu Tameem for three reasons: (1) I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘From my nation, they are most stern with the Dajjaal.’ (2) When charity from them arrived, he said, ‘These are donations from my people.’ (3) A female prisoner (or slave) of theirs was with ‘Aaisha ), and the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Free her, for she is from the progeny of Ismaateel.'” (Bukhaaree and Muslim)
The Hadeeth Of ‘Umraan Ibn Husain
‘Umraan ibn Husain S reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “As for he who hears from the Dajjaal, then we are not from him. For by Allah, a man will indeed go to him, thinking that he is a believer, but then will follow him because of the Shubuhaat (doubts or specious arguments to make one have doubts) that the Dajjaal stirs up in him…” (Abu Daawood) Abu Daawood alone related this narration.
In another narration, ‘Umraan ibn Husain related that the Prophet said, “As for he who hears from the Dajjaal, then we are not from him; as for he who hears from the Dajjaal, then we are not from him. For indeed, a man will go to him, thinking that he is a believer, but he will remain with the Dajjaal because of the specious (and enticing) arguments he has with him, until he ends up following him.” (Ahmad) The chain of this narration is good.
In yet another narration from ‘Umraan ibn Husain, the Messenger of Allah said, “He has indeed eaten food and walked in the marketplace,” and this is referring to the Dajjaal. This narration is related by Sufyaaan ibn ‘Uyainah.
The Hadeeth Of Mugheerah Ibn Sho’bah
Al-Mugheerah ibn Sho’bah 44 said, “No one asked the Prophet about the Dajjaal more than I did. He said, ‘What will harm you from him? Indeed, he will not harm you.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, they say that he has food and rivers with him.’ He said, ‘He is Ahwan (easier) for Allah than that (i.e., the apparent miracles he has with him are only tests for the people, and not attestations to his truthfulness. Even with those apparent miracles, the true believers will increase in their faith in Allah and in their disbelief in the Dajjaal).”‘ (Muslim) In another narration, Mugheerah ibn Shotbah said, “No one asked the Prophet about the Dajjaal more than I did. Once, he gr said, ‘And what is your question?’
Mugheerah asked, “They say that he has with him mountains of bread and meat and a river of water.” The Prophet said, “He is Ahwan (easier) for Allah than that.” (Muslim)
And in yet another narration from Al-Mugheerah Ibn Sho’bah he said, “No one asked the Prophet about the Dajjaal more than I did. Once, he said, ‘And what is your question?'” Mugheerah said, “They indeed say that he has with him a mountain of bread and meat and a river of water.” The Prophet said, “He is Ahwan (easier) for Allah than that.” (Muslim) We have already related in the Hadeeth of Hudhaifah and others that his water is fire and that his fire is cold water — it is only the eyes that see those things as being otherwise. A group of scholars — among whom are Ibn Hazm and At-Tahaawee — hold that the Dajjaal is a magician and charlatan, there being no reality to the things he makes people see; what the people see, then, is not reality, but rather imagined things.
Shaikh Abu ‘Alee Al-Jibaaee, the Shaikh of the Mo’tazilah, said, “His doings cannot be realities, for the miraculous acts of the magician must not be confused with the miraculous acts of the Prophet. Al-Qaadee ‘Iyaadh – and others – answered that argument, saying that the Dajjaal claims godhood (and not prophethood), and that is of course impossible for human beings; in that case, it is not impossible that a miracle can occur through him (as a medium; i.e., that Allah it allows for miracles to occur at the hands of the Dajjaal, so as to test the people).
At any rate, many groups from the Khawaarij and Jahmiyyah — as well as some groups from the Mo’tazilah – do not believe that the Dajjaal will even come out, and so they reject all Ahaadeeth that are related regarding him. In doing so, they have taken themselves outside of the sphere of scholarship because they reject narrations related through different chains and in Mutawaatir form (Mutawaatir narrations are those narrations that are related by so many narrators at each level of the chain that it is impossible for them to have made a mistake or for them to have colluded upon fabricating a lie) from the Messenger of Allah And we have related only a portion of the narrations that speak on this subject, for they are sufficient (for our purpose here). And we seek help from Allah.
Based on the preceding narrations, it appears that Allah will test his slaves with the Dajjaal through the extraordinary actions that he will have with him. The Dajjaal will order for the sky to give rain and for the earth to give crops to those who answer his call, and that will happen; furthermore, their livestock will come back to them in a fattened state.
On the other hand, those who do not answer his call and reject him will be afflicted with drought, the death of their livestock, and a decrease in wealth, fruits, and life itself. The treasures of the earth will follow him like groups of bees. And he will kill the aforementioned youth and will then bring him back to life. These matters are realities through which Allah at will test his slaves at that time: He ac will lead many astray through it and He will guide many as well. The doubting ones will disbelieve whereas those who have Eemaan (faith) will increase in Eemaan.
The explanation we have just given is how Al-Qaadee ‘Iyaad and others have interpreted the Hadeeth, “He is Ahwan (easier) for Allah than that.” This means that he is too insignificant to be able to lead Allah’s believing slaves astray. He is defective, and he is inclined to wickedness and wrongdoing. He cannot lead Allah’s believing slaves astray even if he does have with him some extraordinary feats.
Written in clear writing between his eyes is “Kaafir (disbeliever)”; the Prophet established that when he read out the letters of the word, “Kaaf,” “Faa,” “Raa.” Therefore the writing is material and real, and not immaterial as is claimed by some people. His one eye is repulsive in appearance, abnormally protrusive; this is the meaning of the Prophet’s saying, “As if it is a floating grape.” So it is as if it is floating on the surface of water. Regarding some narrations that only say, “Taafiyah (literally, floating),” then the intended meaning is, ‘there is no light in it.’ As for the Hadeeth, “It is like phlegm on a plastered wall,” this means that it is vile in appearance. In some narrations it is related that his right eye is ‘Aouraa’ (here meaning defected) and the left is the same. Either one of the two narrations is not Mahfoozah (not the one memorized by the stronger narrators) or it means that he is ‘Aour in both eyes, i.e., both of his eyes are faulty and defected.
This explanation is strengthened by the narration of At-Tabaree. In it, Ibn ‘Abbaas related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal is Ja’ad (compact with a powerful physique), Hajeen (white or wicked and obscene), and Akhun (sounds of his voice come out from his nose). It is as if his head is the branch of a tree. His right eye is effaced and the other one is like a floating grape.” Sufyaan At-Thauree related the same from Sammaak; however, in another narration, which we mentioned earlier, it is related that his other eye is like a glistening star.
Therefore one of the narrations is a mistake, but the following explanation may be the intended meaning: one eye is thoroughly defective and the other is defected in the sense that it is abnormally protrusive. And Allah Subhaanahu Wa-Ta-‘Aala (how perfect Allah is, the Exalted!) knows best which is correct.
Why Was Not The Dajjaal Explicitly Mentioned In the Noble Qur’an?
One might ask, “Since the Dajjaal will perpetrate so much evil, since that evil will be widespread, and since he will lie and claim godhood for himself, what is the wisdom behind the Qur’an not mentioning him, warning against him, clarifying his name, and establishing his lies and wickedness when all of the Prophets did warn their people about him?” This question is answered from various angles:
First, the Dajjaal is alluded to in this Verse:
“The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will
it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned
good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his faith. Qur’an 6:158
When explaining the meaning of this verse, Abu ‘Eesa At-Tirmidhee mentioned the following Hadeeth which is related by Abu Hurairah; the Prophet said, “When three come out, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his faith: the Dajjaal, the Beast, and the rising of the sun from the West — or from its Maghrib (its place of setting).” At-Tirmidhee said, “This Hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh.”
Second, ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend from the sky of the earth, and he will kill the Dajjaal; this we have mentioned and will mention again later on. And Allah mentioned that the ‘Eesa will descend:
“And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Eesa
(Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah,” but they
killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of ‘Eesa
(Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and
those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain)
knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they
killed him not (i.e. ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). But Allah
raised him (‘Eesa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he
is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise.
And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and
Christians), but must believe in him (‘Eesa, as only a Messenger of
Allah and a human being), before his death. And on the Day of
Resurrection, he (‘Eesa) will be a witness against them” [Qur’an 4:157-159]
We have established in the Tafseer of this Verse that the antecedent of the pronoun in “before his death” is ‘Eesa I. This means that he will descend to the earth and that the People of the Scripture will believe in him, though before that time, they differed about him greatly. Some, such as the Christians, claimed divinity for him; and others, namely the Jews, perpetrated a great wrong when they ascribed sin to the (mother of ‘Eesa) as regards the birth of ‘Eesa When ‘ Eesa will descend before the arrival of the Hour, both groups will realize their own falsehood and lies.
The mention of Al-Maseeh ‘Eesa ibn Maryam descending alludes to Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal, the Shaikh of misguidance and the opposite of the Maseeh of guidance. It is customary among Arabs to mention one of two opposites only, without mentioning the other, but nonetheless alluding to it through mentioning the first.
Third, in belittling the Dajjaal who will claim divinity, the Qur’an did not explicitly mention his name. With Allah the affair of the Dajjaal is too insignificant and minor to mention; it is enough for the Messengers to clarify the matter of the Dajjaal to their nations and to mention the trials and extraordinary feats that he will have with him. In Mutawaatir narrations, the chief of the children of Adam and the Imam of the righteous ones, Prophet Muhammad mentioned the Dajjaal, and his affair is too insignificant in relation to the Majesty and Exaltedness of Allah to be mentioned in the Qur’an.
The duty of clarifying his matter was charged to every Prophet. One might say, “In spite of false claims and lies, Fir’aun was mentioned in the Qur’an.” This is related in the following Verses:
“Saying: “I am your lord, most high.” Qur’an 79:24
“Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilaah (a god) other than me”
But the affair of Fir’aun is different: it is over with, and his lies have been exposed to every believer and person of sound mind. The Fitnah (trial) of the Dajjaal is to occur in the future as a test for people. Furthermore, that he is not mentioned in the Qur’an shows how insignificant his affair is; his lies are too plain to be pointed out.
Sometimes, so clear is a matter that one chooses not to mention it. For example, as the Prophet was enduring his death sickness, he intended to write a declaration, appointing Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq as the Khaleefah after him, but then he A abstained from doing so, saying, “Allah and the believers refuse anyone other than Abu Bakr (i.e. to be the Khaleefah after me).”
Therefore the Prophet refrained from explicitly appointing Abu Bakr s as Khaleefah because he knew his superiority, but more so he knew that the Companions acknowledged that superiority; and that is why the above-mentioned Hadeeth is mentioned as being one of the proofs of prophethood. The point is that the matter was so clear that the Prophet didn’t need to make any additional remark on the point, for it had already been settled in the hearts of the Companions. In a similar way, it is clear and plain that the Dajjaal is wicked, vile, and furthermore, is too plainly defected to make the claim for divinity that he will make. Allah did not mention him, knowing that his affair will have no other effect on the believer than to increase his faith, his submission to Allah his belief for the truth, and his rejection of falsehood.
And that is why the believer who is killed and brought back to life by the Dajjaal will say, “By Allah, I have only gained a clearer understanding about you: you are the One-Eyed Liar that the Messenger of Allah verbally spoke to us about.” Some have taken the apparent meaning of this narration and said that that believer is Khidr (apparent here signifies the literal meaning: because that believer will say, ‘spoke to us about,’ some have said that he was alive during the lifetime of the Prophet, and so he must be Khidr); Al-Qaadee ‘Iyaadh related this from Ma’mar in his Jaamai’.
Abu ‘Ubaidah related that the Messenger of Allah at said, “Perhaps he who has seen me and heard my speech will reach him (i.e. the Dajjaal).” (Ahmad, Abu Daawood, and At-Tirmidhee) This narration might have strengthened the opinion of those who say that the believer mentioned is Khidr, but its chain has some Charaabah to it. And perhaps the Prophet spoke these words before the matter of the Dajjaal became more clear to him, and Allah knows best. When relating the story of Al-Khidr, we mentioned the different opinions of people regarding him, and we furnished proofs which indicate that he did in fact die.
Whoever wants to see those proofs can refer to the section on the stories of the Prophets in this book (i.e. Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, in a previous volume). And Allah knows best what is correct.
How To Protect Oneself From The Dajjaal
Our Shaikh, Al-Haafiz Abu ‘Abdullah Adh-Dhahabee, said, “Seeking protection from the Dajjaal is related in Mutawaatir form from the Prophet.” Abu Ad-Dardaa related the following from the Prophet: “Whoever memorizes ten Verses from Suratul-Kahf (“The Chapter Of The Cave”) is protected from the Fitnah (trial) of the Dajjaal.” (Alm Daawood) Abu Daawood said, “Hishaam ibn Distawai said the same from Qataadah except that he said, ‘Whoever memorizes the end Verses of…” Sho’bah also related from Qataadah that it is the end of Al-Kahf. Muslim related the same from Qataadah with different wordings. And At-Tirmidhee said, “Hasan Saheeh.” In some narrations this is related: “…verses from the beginning of Suratul-Kahf is protected from the Dajjaal.” The following is also related from Qataadah, “Whoever memorizes ten verses from the end of Suratul-Kahf is protected from the Fitnah (trial) of the Dajjaal.”
Another way to protect oneself from his trials is to stay far away from him, this is indicated in the Hadeeth of ‘Umraan ibn Husain “As for he who hears from the Dajjaal, then we are not from him.” And the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed the believer will go to him, thinking that he is a believer, but he will end up following the Dajjaal because of the specious arguments he stirs within him.”
Living In The Inviolable Cities Of Al-Madeenah And Makkah Protects One From the Fitnah Of The Dajjaal
To live in Al-Madeenah and Makkah — may Allah honor them both — is another means of protecting oneself from the Fitnah of the Dajjaal. Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “On the mountain-passes of Al-Madeenah there are angels. Neither plague nor the Dajjaal will enter it.” (Bukhaaree and Muslim)
Abu Bakr related that the Prophet said, “The terror of Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal will not enter AI-Madeenah. At that time, it will have seven gates, and over each gate are two Angels.” (Bukhaaree)
This has been related through many chains and from different Companions — such as Abu Hurairah Anas ibn Maalik Salamah ibn Al-Akwa’ , and Maihjin ibn Al-Adra’. Anas related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal will come to Al-Madeenah, and he will find angels guarding it, so that neither plague nor the Dajjaal enter it, Insha Allah.” (At-Tirmidhee) And it is established in As-Saheeh that, “He will not enter Makkah or Al-Madeenah, for angels will prevent him,” and that is because of the honor and distinction of those two cities: they are both inviolable places of safety. The Dajjaal will remain in a barren, salty land beside Al-Madeenah, and then Al-Madeenah will shake its inhabitants three times – either tangibly or in meaning, based on the two opinions in the issue – and every male and female hypocrite will leave it. At that point, Al-Madeenah will expel its filth, and its goodness will shine. And Allah knows best.
A Summary Of Ad-Dajjaal’s Life – The Curse Of Allah Upon Him
He is a man from the children of Adam Allah created him to be a test for the people at the end of time: “He will misguide many through him and He will guide many through him, and He will not misguide anyone through him except for the wicked-doers.”
In his Taareekh, Al-Haafiz Ahmad ibn ‘Alee Al-Abaar related that Ash-Sha’bee said, “The Kunyah of Ad-Dajjaal is Abu Yousuf. It is related from tmar ibn Al-Khattaab , Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah and other Companions that the Dajjaal is Ibn Sayyaad. Abu Bakrah related from his father that the Messenger of Allah said, “The parents of Ad-Dajjaal will go thirty years without having any boy born to them. Then a boy will be born to them, one-eyed, most harmful, and of least benefit. His eyes sleep but his heart does not sleep.” (Ahmad) He then described his parents, saying, “His father is Mudtarib Al-Lahm (tall with little fat) with a long nose, as if it is a Minquar. His mother is a woman who has enormous breasts.”
Abu Bakrah said, “Then news reached us that a child was born among the Jews of Al-Madeenah. Az-Zubair ibn Al-‘Awaam and I went until we reached the child’s parents, and we found that they were of the description given by the Messenger of Allah. The child was lying on the ground underneath the sun, wearing a coarse garment and repeating incoherent words. We asked his parents, and they said, ‘We spent thirty years without a child being born to us; then this boy was born to us: one-eyed, most harmful, and of least benefit.’ As we were leaving, we passed by him, and he said, ‘I know what you two were (here) about.’ We said, ‘You heard?’ He said, ‘Yes, for my eyes sleep, but my heart does not sleep!” That child was Ibn Sayyaad. (Ahmad) At-Tirmidhee related this Hadeeth from Hammaad ibn Salamah, and he said that it is Hasan. However, it is extremely Munkar. And Allah knows best.
Ibn Sayyaad was from the Jews of Al-Madeenah, and his title was “‘Abdullah,” or he was called Saafin — both have been related. Perhaps his original name was Saafin, but then when he accepted Islam, he was called ibn ‘Abdullah. His son, ‘Ammaarah ibn ‘Abdullah, was from the leaders of the Taabi’een; Maalik and others related from him. We have already established that in actuality the Dajjaal is not Ibn Sayyaad and that Ibn Sayyaad was merely a Dajjaal from the Dajjaals (the lesser ones). He repented later on and manifested Islam, yet Allah knows best about the state of his inside.
As for the greater Dajjaal, he is mentioned in the Hadeeth of Faatimah bint Qais 4, which she related from the Messenger of Allah from Tameem Ad-Daaree. In that narration, the story of Al-Jassaasah is also mentioned. The Dajjaal will be given permission to come out at the end of time, after the Muslims conquer the Roman city called Constantinople. At first, he will appear in Asbahaan, in an area called Al-Yahoodiyyah. 70,000 Jews from its inhabitants will help him; they will have on them weapons and Teejaan, which are long green robes. Also, 70,000 Tartars as well as some people from Kharasaan will support him. He will first appear in the shape of a tyrannical king; then he will claim prophethood, and then he will claim divinity. The mob and the ignorant ones from the children of Adam Will will follow him. And he will be opposed and rejected by those righteous slaves whom Allah It guides – the party of Allah, the righteous ones.
The Dajjaal will take countries one after the other, fortresses one after the other, cities one after another, and regions one after another. There will remain no city that he will not have landed on with his horse and feet, except for Makkah and Al-Madeenah. He will remain for a period of forty days on earth; one day will be like a
year, one day will be like a month, and one day will be like a week; the rest of his days will be like the (normal) days of the people. This averages out to one year, two and a half months. Allah will create many miracles at his hands, through which He will lead astray those whom He wishes, and He will make firm the believers, whose Eemaan will increase and whose level of guidance will increase.
It is during the days of Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal, the Maseeh of misguidance, that ‘Eesa ibn Maryam, the Maseeh of guidance, will descend. He will descend on the minaret of Eastern Damascus believers and righteous slaves of Allah will gather round him. Al-Maseeh ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will lead them towards Ad-Dajjaal, who will be heading to Jerusalem. They will catch up to him at ‘Aqabah Afeeq. The Dajjaal will be vanquished when ‘Eesa catches up with him at the door of Lud.
‘Eesar’iLall will kill him with his sword, and before doing so, he will say, “Indeed, I have one blow to give you, which shall not evade me.” Then the Dajjaal faces ‘Eesa and the former will dissolve just as salt dissolves in water. It is then that ‘Eesa catches up to him and kills him with his spear at the door of Lud. There the Dajjaal will die — Allah’s curse upon him. This has been established by authentic narrations, which we have mentioned and (some of) which we will mention.
Majma’ Ibn Jaariyah related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Ibn Maryam will kill the Dajjaal at the door of Lud.” (At-Tirmidhee) Ahmad related it as well, but through a different chain And this Hadeeth is authentic. In this regard there are narrations related from the following: ‘Umraan ibn Husain , Naafai ibn ‘Utbah, Abu Burzah, Hudhaifah ibn Usaid, Abu Hurairah, Kaisaan, ‘Uthmaan ibn Abee Al-‘Aas, Jaabir, Abu Umaamah, ibn Mas’ood (‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, Samarah ibn Jundub , An-Nawaas ibn Sam’aan , ‘Amr ibn ‘Aouf , and Hudhaifah ibn Al- Yamaan. And when ‘Umar asked a Jew about the Dajjaal, he said, “He was born a Jew so that ibn Maryam will kill him at the door of Lud.” (Related by Ibn Abee Shaibah)
A Description Of The Dajjaal – May Allah Disfigure Him
From the Ahaadeeth we mentioned, we know that the Dajjaal is oneeyed, white, and radiant, with plentiful hair. Some Ahaadeeth mention that he is short, but in one Hadeeth it is mentioned that he is tall. It is related that the distance separating the two ears of his donkey is forty arm-spans — but in the Hadeeth of Jaabir as well as in another narration the distance mentioned is 70 arm-lengths; the latter is not authentic and the former is doubtful. In Ma’rifatus-Sahaabah, ‘Abdaan related that Mas’ood said, “Therefore, the donkey of the Dajjaal gives shade to 70,000.”
Regarding this narration, our Shaikh, Al-Haafiz Adh-Dhahabee, said, “Khaut (one of its narrators) is unknown, and the narration is Munkar.” We also know that written between the two eyes of the Dajjaal is “Kaafir (disbeliever),” which every believer will read. And his head from behind is Hubuk Hubuk (all curly). Abu Qulaabah related that he heard a man narrate this Hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah “Indeed after me is the Misguiding Liar, and his head from behind is Hubuk Hubuk (all curly).” (Related by Hanbal Ibn Ishaaq) We have already mentioned a narration that attests to this one. Hubuk means curly and nice. Allah said:
“By the heaven full of (Hubuk) paths.” Qur’an 51:7
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “…As for the night of Al-Qadr, seek it out in the odd nights from the last ten nights. And as for the Maseeh of Misguidance, he is one-eyed, with a large forehead, and a wide upper chest. He has a bowing (curvature) as if he is Qatun ibn ‘Abdul-‘Uzza.” Abu Hurairah said, “O Messenger of Allah, will his doubt-provoking, specious arguments harm me?” He said, “No, you are a person who is a Muslim, and he is a man who is a disbeliever.” (Ahmed)
Sulaimaan ibn Shihaab Al-Qeesee said, “‘Abdullah ibn Mughnim, who was one of the Prophet’s Companions, came down and related to me that he Prophet said, ‘Ad-Dajjaal: there is nothing hidden about him. He will come from the East. He will call to the truth, and he will be followed. He will go on behalf of the people and fight them, and he will be victorious over them. He will continue upon that state until he reaches Kufa. There he will manifest Allah’s religion and apply it, and for that he will be followed and loved. But then after that he will say, ‘Indeed I am a Prophet.’ Every person of sound mind will be alarmed by that, and as a result will part from him.
Later on he will say, ‘I am Allah.’ Allah will cover his eyes; his ears will be cut and “Kaafir (disbeliever) will be written between his eyes, and that will not be hidden to any Muslim. Anyone who has a mustard-seed amount of Eemaan (faith) in his heart will then part from him. His companions will be from the Jews, the Magian, the Christians, and these foreigners from the polytheists. Then, according to what they see, he will call a man, order for him to be brought, and then he will kill him. Next, he will cut the body into (two) pieces, (displaying) each piece separately. He will separate between the two, so that the people can see them. After that, he will gather them back together, strike (the body) with a rod, and suddenly the man will be standing. The Dajjaal will say, ‘I am Allah,
I bring to life and cause death.”‘ (At-Tabaraanee) That is magic which he will use on the people; he will not really do any of that. In a narration mentioned by our Shaikh, Adh-Dhahaabee, ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib said about the Dajjaal, “He is Saafee Ibn Saaid (i.e Ibn Sayyaad); he will come out from the Jews of Asbahaan upon an amputated donkey. Between one ear and the other (of that donkey) is the distance of 40 arm-lengths; and between one hoof and the other… Kaafir is written between his eyes, and he will say, ‘I am your lord, most high.’ His followers are the people of Ar-Riyaa (those who do deeds for show) and the children of fornication.” Abu ‘Amr Ad- Daanee related this narration in Kitaab Ad-Dajjaal, but its chain is not authentic.
A Strange Narration
‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood related that the Prophet said, “Between the two ears of the Dajjaal is the distance of 40 arm-lengths, and the step of his donkey is the travel of three days. He plunges through the sea as one of you plunge through a stream. He will say, ‘I am the lord of all that exists and this sun moves by my permission; do you want me to hold it back?’ They will say, ‘Yes.’ And he will hold it back, until he will make a day to be like a month and a day like a week. He will say, ‘Do you want me to make it flow?’ They will say, ‘Yes,’ and he will make a day to be like an hour.
A woman will come to him and say, ‘O my lord, my brother and son, my brother and my husband’ She will end up hugging a devil (thinking that that devil is her deceased relative come back to life). Their houses will be filled with devils. Bedouins will come to him and say, ‘O lord, bring to life our camels and sheep.’ He will give them devils that are in the shapes of their camels and sheep, and even of the same age. They will say, ‘If this was not our lord, he would not have brought our dead back to life.’…And with him he will have a mountain of meat, which does not go cold; a flowing river; a mountain of gardens and greenery; and a mountain from fire and smoke. He will say, ‘This is my paradise, this is my fire, this is my food, and this is my drink.’
Al-Yasa’ fI will be with him, and he will warn the people, saying, ‘This is the Al-Maseeh the Liar, so beware of him – the curse of Allah be on him.’ Allah will give him such a (high) degree of speed and agility that the Dajjaal will not reach him. When the Dajjaal says, ‘I am the lord of all that exists,’ the people will say, ‘You have lied,’ and Al-Yasa’ will say, ‘The people have spoken the truth.’ The Dajjaal will pass by Makkah and will come across a huge creation, and he will say to him, ‘Who are you?’ He will answer, ‘I am Jibreel, and Allah sent me in order for me to forbid you from the Haram of His Messenger.’ When the Dajjaal will pass by Makkah, he will see Meekaaeel and will turn around, fleeing.
In the morning, the hypocrites in Makkah and Al-Madeenah will come out to him. A warner will go those who conquered Constantinople and to those Muslims who will be united at Jerusalem. The Dajjaal will take a man from them and say, ‘This is the one who claims that I am not able to overcome him? Kill him.’ The man will be sawed open. Next, the Dajjaal will say, ‘I will bring him back to life.’ He will say, ‘Stand,’ and the man will stand by the permission of Allah. But permission to do the same again will not be given for any other soul.
The Dajjaal will say to the man, ‘Did I not kill you and then bring you back to life?’ The man will say, ‘Now I reject you even more vehemently. The Messenger of Allah gave me glad tidings that you will kill me, and then I will be brought back to life by the permission of Allah.’ Strips of copper will be placed on his skin (so as to prevent the Dajjaal from killing him).
The Dajjaal will say, ‘Throw him in my fire.’ …The people will then have doubts about him, and he will hasten to Jerusalem. When he will climb ‘Aqabah Afeeq, his darkness will sink over the Muslims. Then they will hear that, ‘Rescue has come to you.’ They will say, ‘This is the speech of a man who is full (i.e. not hungry like them); and the earth will shine with the light of its Lord. And ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend and say, ‘O group of Muslims, fear your Lord and glorify Him,’ and they will do so.
They (i.e. the army of the Dajjaal) will want to flee, but Allah will straiten the earth for them, and when they reach the door of Lud, ‘Eesa will meet them there. When he (the Dajjaal) looks at ‘Eesa, he will say, ‘Establish the prayer.’ The Dajjaal will say, ‘O Prophet of Allah, the prayer has been established.’ ‘Eesa will say, ‘O enemy of Allah, you have claimed that your are the lord of all that exists — so then to whom will you pray?’ ‘Eesa will strike him with a whip and kill h m. Not a single one of his helpers will hide behind a thing, except that that thing will call out, ‘O believer!
This is a dajjaal, so kill him.’ They (the believers) will be prevented (from harm) for forty years: no one will die and no one will become sick. A man will say to his sheep, ‘Go to the pasture; give birth and graze over there.’ Livestock will pass by crops and they will not eat even an ear (of corn, for example) from it. Snakes and scorpions will not harm anyone, and predatory animals will be at the doors of houses, without harming anyone. A man who is a believer will take grain, spread it (on the earth) without tilling (the land) and from it will (grow) 700.
The people will remain upon that state until the barrier of Yajooj and Majooj will be broken. They will frolic and spread corruption. The people will seek help (from Allah), but they will not be answered. The people of the Sinai Mountain — Allah it granted them victory over Constantinople — will supplicate (to Allah), and Allah will send from the earth an animal that has legs; it will enter into their ears, and they will all die. The earth will stink because of them, and the people will be more harmed by their corpses than they were harmed (by them) when they were alive. The people will invoke (Allah) for help, and He will send a wind…and over people will be anxiety and smoke, and they will be afflicted with colds. But after three, that situation will be removed from them.
Their corpses (i.e. of Yajooj and Majooj) will be thrown into the sea. Only a short time will pass before the sun rises from its West. The pens are dried and the scrolls are rolled up, and repentance will not be accepted from anybody (at that time). Iblees (Satan) will fall down in prostration, calling out, ‘My God, order me to prostrate to whomsoever You wish.’ The devils will gather to him and say, ‘O our leader, to whom are you turning for help?’ He will say, ‘I only asked my Lord to give me respite until the Day of Resurrection, and the sun has indeed risen from its West. This is the well-known time.’ The devils will become visible on earth, to the extent that a man will say, ‘This is my Qareen (companion from the jinn) who used to entice me toward (evil). All praise is for Allah, Who has disgraced him.’ Iblees will continue to be in prostration, crying, until the Beast will come out and kill him while he is prostrating. The believers will enjoy themselves for forty years after that; they will desire nothing that is not given to them. The believers will be left until 40 years are completed after the beast. Then death will return among them, and it will come quickly, until there remains not a single believer. The disbeliever will say, ‘Repentance will not be accepted from us: would that we had been believers.’
They will openly engage in sexual intercourse in the roads just as donkeys do, to the extent that a man will engage in sexual intercourse with his mother in the middle of the road. One will stand and another will descend (to do the same). The best of them will be he who says, ‘If you were to withdraw from the road, that would be better.’ They will remain upon that state, and not a single one of them will be born through marriage. Then Allah will make the women sterile for thirty years, and they will all be the children of fornication – the worst of people, and upon them will the Hour come to pass.” This narration is related by Na’eem ibn Hammad in Kitaab Al-Fitan, and also by At-Tabaraanee.
A Narration That Is Rejected
Al-Hasan reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Dajjaal will reach the clouds and plunge into the sea until his knee, and he will precede the sun from its West; and the hills will travel with him. On his forehead is a horn that is broken from one side. Drawn on his body are all weapons, even the spear, sword, and Dirq.” ‘Alee ibn Zaid asked Hasan, “O Abu Sa’eed, what is Dirq?” He said, “A shield.” Our Shaikh, Al-Haafiz Adh-Dhahabee, said, “This is from the Mursal narrations of Al-Hasan, and it is weak.”
A Fictitious Narration
Hudhaifah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “I am more knowledgeable of what the Dajjaal has with him than he is. He has with him two rivers; one of them is a blazing fire in the eyes of one who sees it. And the other is white water. As for whoever from you reaches him, then let him close his eyes and drink from the river of fire that is with him, for it is in actuality cold water. Stay away and beware of the other, for it is Fitnah (a trial). And know that “Kaafir” (disbeliever) is written between his two eyes: those who write and those who do not write (i.e., the literate and the illiterate) will read it. One of his two eyes is effaced; upon it is coarse skin. At the end of his life, he will overlook the heart of Jordon from Thaniyyah Feeq (a city in Sham, between Damascus and Tripoli).
Every one who believes in Allah and the Last Day (at that rime) will be in the heart of Jordon. He will kill one-third of the Muslims, he will vanquish one-third, and one-third will remain. The night will act as a barrier between them (between the army of Muslims and the army of the Dajjaal). Some of the believers will say to others from them, ‘What are you looking at (or waiting for)? Do you not want to catch up with your brothers in the pleasure of your Lord? Whoever has extra food should give it to his brother. When Fajr breaks forth, pray, and pray it early. Then head towards your enemy’ When they will stand and pray, ‘Eesa will descend, and their Imam will lead them in prayer…The Dajjaal will dissolve like salt dissolves in water.
The Muslims will then be given power over them, and they will kill them. Even a rock and a free will call out, ‘O ‘Abdullah, O Muslim: this is a Jew, so kill him.’ The Muslims will be victorious and the cross will be broken. The pig will be killed and Al-Thyah will be removed. While they are upon that state, Allah will make Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) come out. The first of them will drink; the last of them will come dehydrated, and they will not find a drop.
They will say, ‘Here is the trace of water.’ Allah’s Prophet and his Companions are behind them until they (i.e. Yajooj and Majooj) enter a city from the cities of Palestine, which is called Baab Lud. They will say, ‘We have triumphed over those on the earth, so come and let us kill whoever is in the sky.’ Allah’s Prophet will supplicate to Allah, and Allah will send upon them an ulcer in their throats (i.e. the throats of Yajooj and Majooj), and not a single one from them will remain. But their smell will harm the Muslims. ‘Eesa will supplicate over them, and Allah will send a wind upon them, which will throw them all into the sea.” Ibn Mundah, in Kitaab Al-Eemaan, relates this narration. Our Shaikh, Abu ‘Abdullah Adh-Dhahabee, said, “This chain is good.” However, its context and phrasing is Ghareeb and it mentions Munkarah things, and Allah knows best.