Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations
By Ibn Katheer
The Hour Will Not Arrive Until The Maseeh (‘Eesa Ibn Maryam) at Kills The Dajjaal — The Curse Of Allah Upon Him — Nor Until Good And Its Light Overcomes Falsehood And Its Darkness
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Hour will not come until the Romans descend in Al-‘Aamaaq or Badaabiq (Two areas in the lands of Syria, near Haleb). An army from Madeenah, comprising of the best from the people of the earth at that time, will come out to meet them. When they make their lines, the Romans will say, ‘Make way, allowing us to fight those who took our women and children as prisoners (during war).’ The Muslims will say, ‘By Allah, we will not make way for you to go to our brothers.’ They will fight them. One-third (of the Muslims) will Inhazim (this literally means, ‘become vanquished,’ but perhaps here it means that they will flee), and Allah will never forgive them. Onethird will be killed, and they are the best of martyrs with Allah. One-third will conquer and they will never be put to trial; and they will conquer Constantinople. While they are distributing the spoils of war and while their swords are hanging on olive trees, the Devil will call to them, saying, ‘the Maseeh (Dajjaal) is behind among your families.’ They will leave, but that (statement) is false. When they go to Ash-Sham (Syria and surrounding areas), he (the Dajjaal) will come out. As the Muslims are preparing to fight, they straighten their lines, and then the call for the prayer is made. Next, ‘Eesa Ibn Maryam WZ will descend and lead them in their prayer. When the enemy of Allah (i.e. the Dajjaal) sees him, he will melt, like salt dissolves in water. Were ‘Eesa to leave him, he would continue to melt until he became destroyed. But Allah kills him at the hands of ‘Eesa who shows them the Dajjaal’s blood on his spear.” (Muslim)
Laailaha Illallah Wallahuakbar (None Has The Right To Be Worshipped But Allah And Allah Is The Greatest) With Strong Determination And Truthful Eemaan Crushes Fortresses And Conquers Cities
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “You have heard of a city, one side of which is on land and one side of which is on the sea?” The Companions said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah .” He said, “The Hour will not come until 70,000 from the children of Ishaaq attack it. When they come to it, they will descend, but they will not fight with weapons and they will not launch arrows. All they will say is, ‘Laailaha illallah wallaahuakbar (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest)’, and one of its two sides will fall.” Ath-Thaur said, “The only way I know it is that he said, ‘the one that is on the sea.’ “Then they will say a second time, ‘Laailaha illallaah wallaahuakbar (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest).’ And its second side will fall. Then they will say for a third time, ‘Laailaha Illallah Wallahuakbar (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest),’ and a way will be made for them;
then they will enter it and take its spoils of war. As they are distributing the spoils, a caller will come to them and say, ‘Indeed the Dajjaal has come out; they will leave everything and return.”‘ (Muslim)
Indication Of The Prophets Towords The Victory Of Muslims Over Rome
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Aoun related from his father from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Hour will not arrive until the least of Muslim Shuyookh becomes leader. O ‘Alee, O ‘Alee, O ‘Alee.” ‘Alee said, “Be my mother and father sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah.” He said, “Indeed you will fight the children of the yellow (ones) (i.e. the Romans). And those who will come after you will fight them, until the best of Islam’s adherents, the people of Hijaaz, will go out to them; they are those who do not fear the blame of the blamer when they do something for Allah. They will conquer Constantinople with At-Tasbeeh (i.e., ‘Subhaanallah; how perfect Allah is!) and with At-Takbeer (i.e., ‘Allaahuakbar,’ Allah is the Greatest!). They will gain spoils that they had never previously gained, to the degree that they will divide it with shields. One will come and say, ‘Indeed, the Maseeh (Dajjaal) has come out in your lands,’ but Lo! It is a lie. The one who takes is regretful and the one who leaves (it) is regretful.” (Ibn Maajah)
The Conquering Of Some Islands And Of The Lands Of Rome And Persia; And The Victory Of Their Truth Over The Falsehood Of Ad-Dajjaal
Naafai ibn ‘Uyainah related that the Messenger of Allah, said, “You will attack an Island of the sea and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; next Persia, and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; then you will attack Rome, and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; then you will attack the Dajjaal, and Allah will grant (you) victory over him.” (Muslim)
Some Good Qualities of Romans
The Qurashee importer said in the company of ‘Arm ibn Al-‘Aas,”I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘The Hour will arrive when the Romans will be most among the people.”‘ ‘Amr said to him, “Watch what you say.” He said, “I am saying what I heard from the Messenger of Allah” ‘Arm said, “If you say that, then there are indeed four qualities in them: they are the most judicious of people during a tribulation; the quickest to recover after a calamity; the quickest to attack after having retreated; the best of them to the poor, the orphan, and the weak; and the fifth is nice and beautiful: among people, they are the best in preventing oppression from the kings (or rulers).” (Muslim)
When The Hour Arrives, The Romans Will Be Greatest In Numbers
The Qurashee Mustaurid (importer) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘The Hour will not come until the Romans will be greatest in numbers.”‘ News of this reached ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas, who said (to the Qurashee Mustaurid), “What are these Ahaadeeth, about which it is mentioned that you say them from the Messenger of Allah ” He said, “I said what I heard from the Messenger of Allah .” ‘Amr said, “If you said that, then indeed they are the most judicious of people during a trial, the quickest to recover during a calamity, and the best of people to their poor ones and weak ones.” (Muslim)
This indicates that the Romans will accept Islam at the end of times, and perhaps a group of them will be the ones who will conquer Constantinople, for in the previous Hadeeth it is mentioned that 70,000 from the children of Ishaaq will attack it. And the Romans are from the descendents of AVAis ibn Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem Al Khaleel; some of them are descendents from the uncle of the Children of Israel – Ya’qoob ibn Ishaaq aim. So at the end of times, the Romans will be better than the Children of Israel (from the past).
The Dajjaal will be followed by 70,000 Jews from Asbahaan, so they are the helpers of the Dajjaal. The Romans, on the other hand, are praised in this Hadeeth. Perhaps, therefore, they will accept Islam at the hands of Al-Maseeh ibn and Allah knows best.
‘Amr ibn ‘Aouf related from his father from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah said, “You will fight the children of the yellow (ones) and after you, those believers from the people of Hijaaz will fight them; then Allah will grant them victory over Constantinople and Rome with At-Tasbeeh (‘Suhhaanallah,’ How perfect Allah is!) and A t-Takbeer (‘Allahuakbar,’ Allah is the Greatest), and so its fortress will collapse. They (i.e. the Muslims at that time) will gain (from spoils) that which they had never previously gained, to the extent that they will divide it with shields. Then a caller will call out, ‘O people of Islam, Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal is in your lands and among your women and children.’ The people will disperse from the wealth; some of them will take and some of them will abstain from taking — the one who takes regrets and the one who doesn’t take regrets. They will say, ‘Who is this caller?’ And they will not know who he is. They will say, ‘Send an advance party to Eeliyaa (Jerusalem), and if Al-Maseeh has indeed come out, they will come to you with knowledge of him.’ They go and see nothing, seeing only that the people are tranquil. And they (the people who are behind) will say, ‘The caller did not call out except for some significant news… so be determined that we should all go to Eeliyaa.
If the Dajjaal has come out, we will fight him until Allah rules between us and him. But if it is otherwise and if you return, it is to your country and kinsfolk that you are returning to.”‘ (Related by Ismaa’eel ibn Abee Uwais)
An Indication That Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah Will Be Faced With Weakness When Jerusalem Will Be Inhabited (Or Developed)
Mu’aadh ibn Jabal related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The inhabitation (or development) of Jerusalem [Among the scholarly opinions regarding this statement are the following: 1) that Jerusalem will be destroyed, after which it will be rebuilt and developed, and this will occur at the end of times; 2) when it will be completely developed and inhabited] is the ruin of Yathrib (Madeenah); the great massacre (leads to) the conquering of Constantinople; and the conquering of Constantinople (leads to) the coming out of the Dajjaal.” He then struck his hand on his thigh…or his shoulder, after which he said, “Indeed, this is surely the truth, just as you are here or just as you are sitting down.” (Ahmad) Abu Daawood related it from ‘Abbaas Al-‘Anbaree from Abu An-Nadr Haashim ibn Al-Qaasim. Abu Daawood then said, “This chain is good and the Hadeeth is Hasan; upon it is the light of truthfulness and the dignity of Prophethood.” This narration does not signify that Al-Madeenah will be completely ruined when the Dajjaal comes out; it is referring to the end of times, which we will clarify later on through authentic Ahaadeeth. It is the inhabitation and development of Jerusalem that will be the reason for the ruin of Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. In authentic Ahaadeeth it is established that the Dajjaal will not be able to enter Al-Madeenah because of Angels that are standing at its gates with swords unsheathed.
Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah Is Protected From Plague And From The Dajjaal Entering It
Abu Hurairah, related that the Messenger of Allah; said, “Neither plague nor the Dajjaal will enter Al-Madeenah.” (Bukhaaree) It is mentioned in Jaamai’ At-Tirmidhee that when Al-Maseeh ‘Eesa ibn Maryam dies, he will be buried in the Prophet’s chamber.
The Prophet Pointed Out That Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarrah Will Become Developed
Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allahsaid, “Homes will extend out to Ihaab or Yihaab (some narrators call it the former while others call it the latter; it is the name of a place near Al-Madeenah).” Zuhair asked Suhail, “How far is that from AL Madeenah?” He said, “Such and such distance.” This development will occur before the development of Jerusalem or it might occur after that by a while. Then it will be completely destroyed, as is indicated by authentic Ahaadeeth that we will mention.
When on the pulpit, ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah , say, ‘The people of Madeenah will leave it; then they will return to it and develop it, until it becomes full; then they will leave it, after which they will never return to it.” (Related by Al-Qurtubee) And in another narration it is related, “And who will eat it (i.e., its fruits and crops)?” He said, “The birds and predatory animals.”
Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet said, “They will leave Al-Madeenah upon the best condition it was upon; (then) none will enter it except for birds and predatory animals (seeking food in it). Then two shepherds will go out from Muzainah, betaking themselves to Al-Madeenah, driving their sheep onward with their calls. And they will find it to be empty, with no one in it. When they reach Thunayyatul-Widaa’, they will collapse onto their faces.” (Muslim)
In his Hadeeth, Hudhaifah – said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah about things, but I did not ask him what will make the people of Madeenah leave it.” And this is mentioned in another Hadeeth that is related by Abu Hurairah “They will leave it while half its fruits will be ripe dates.” Someone asked, “O Abu Hurairah, and what will make them come out?” He said, “An evil man.”
Mu’aadh ibn Jabal reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “The greatest carnage, the conquering of Constantinople, and the coming out of the Dajjaal – all in a period of seven months.” (Abu Daawood) At-Tirmidhee related it through another chain and said, “Hasan; we know it only through this chain.”
‘Abdullah ibn Busr related that the Prophet said, “Between the carnage and the conquering of Al-Madeenah (i.e. Constantinople) are six years; and then Ad-Dajjaal will come out in the seventh (year).” (Ahmad) Ibn Maajah related the same. There is an apparent conflict between this narration and the one before it, except if the carnage lasts for six years. And between the end of it and the conquering of Al-Madeenah — which is Constantinople — is a short period, with enough time left over in the aforesaid seven months for the Dajjaal to come out. And Allah knows best. Anas ibn Maalik said, “The conquering of Constantinople is with the arrival of the Hour.’ (At-Tirmidhee) Mahmood said, “This Hadeeth is Ghareeb.” Constantinople is a city of the Romans, which will be conquered when the Dajjaal comes out. It is said that it was conquered during the era of the Companions but that is questionable. Mu’aawiyah sent his son, Yazeed, to lead an army; in it was Abu Ayyoob Al-Ansaaree . However, it is not a point of agreement that they had conquered it. During his era, Musallamah ibn ‘Abdul-Malik besieged it, but still it remained unconquered. He made a treaty with its inhabitants, whereby they allowed for a Mosque to be built in it. This we have mentioned earlier in detail [Again, this is referring to the previous volumes of Ibn Katheer’s history book, AI-Bidaayaa Wan-Nihaayaa.]
Before The Hour There Will Be Liars Claiming Prophethood For Themselves
Jaabir ibn Samarah related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Indeed before the Hour there are liars.” Jaabir said, “So beware of them.” (Muslim)
Jaabir also related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “Indeed before the Hour there are liars; among them is the one of Al-Yamaamah, the one of San’aa Al-‘Absee, and the one of Himyar. Also among them is Ad-Dajjaal, he creates the most Fitnah (trials and tribulations).” Jaabir said, “Some of my companions say that they are almost thirty men.” (Ahmad)
Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet said, “The Hour will not arrive until almost thirty Dajjaal Liars are sent; each one of them will claim that he is the Messenger of Allah.” (Muslim) In the narration of Muhammad ibn Zaamai, the word ’emerge’ is in the place of ‘are sent’.
Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet said, “The Hour will not arrive until — thirty Dajjaals appear, each one of them claiming that he is the Messenger of Allah; wealth will increase and flow in abundance; the tribulations will occur; and there will occur tumult and much Hamj.” It was asked, “Which Haraj.” He said, “Killing, killing, killing,” three times. (Ahmad) Only Ahmad related it through this chain, and it fulfills the conditions of Muslim. Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Hour will not come to pass until thirty Dajjaal Liars come out; each one of them lies upon Allah and upon His Messenger a.” (Abu Daawood) And in another narration, Abu Hurairah , related that the Prophet said, “Before the Hour there are almost thirty Dajjaals, each one of them saying, ‘I am a prophet.”‘ (Ahmad) This chain is Hasan, and Ahmad alone related it.
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah-, said, “There will be Dajjaal Liars in my nation; they will come to you with novel speech, which neither you nor your fathers had previously heard. Beware, and let your fathers beware – do not allow them to deceive you.” (Ahmad)
Thaubaan reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed there will be thirty liars in my Nation, each one of them claiming that he is a prophet. But I am the seal of the Prophets — there is no Prophet after me.” (Muslim)
Abu Al-Waleed said, “A man asked Ibn ‘Umar about Al-Mut’ah (fixed-term marriages) and (said) that he had women through Mut’ah. Ibn ‘Umar said, ‘By Allah, during the period of the Messenger of Allah, we were neither doubters nor fornicators.’ He then said, ‘By Allah, I heard the Messenger of Allah say: Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal and thirty liars or more will indeed come before the Day of Judgment.'” (Ahmad)
About Callers To The Hellfire
Ibn ‘Umar related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “In my nation, there are indeed Nayifan (a number anywhere between 3 and 9 and 70 callers (so, slightly more than 70); each one of them is a caller to the Hellfire. If I wish, I can inform you of their names and tribes.” (Related by Al-Haafiz Abu Yatlaa)
Abu Al-Halaas said that he heard ‘Alee say the following to ‘Abdullah ibn Saba’, “Woe unto you…and I have indeed heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘Indeed before the Hour there are thirty liars.’ And indeed you are one of them.” (Related by Al-Haafiz Abu Yallaa) And Anas related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Before Ad-Dajjaal (the Dajjaal) there will be Nayifan (a number anywhere between 3 and 9) and 70 (smaller) Dajjaals.” This narration has some strangeness to it, and what is related in the authentic compilations is firmer — and Allah knows best. Abu Bakr said, “Musailamah died before the Messenger of Allah Via, said something about him. Yet the Messenger of Allah stood and addressed the people, saying, ‘As for what follows: in clarifying the matter of this man that you have spoken much about — he is indeed a liar from thirty liars that come out before the Hour. And verily, there is no country (or region or city) except that the terror of the Maseeh (Ad-Dajjaal) reaches it.” (Ahmad)
The following narration is of Abu Bakrah “And indeed he is a liar from thirty liars that emerge before Ad-Dajjaal. And verily, there is no country (or region or city) except that the terror of .Al-Maseeh (Ad-Dajjaal) enters it.” (Ahmad)
Anas ibn Maalik related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed, before Ad-Dajjaal there are deceptive years – the truthful one will not be believed, the liar will be believed, the trustworthy one will be accused of betrayal, the treacherous one will be trusted, and the Ruwaibidah will speak.” It was said, “And what is the Ruwaibidah?” He ra, said, “The base wicked-doer, he will speak in the affairs of the general public (he will be trusted to rule and he will speak by the name of the people).” (Ahmad) And this chain is good.