Book of the End: Great Trials and Tribulations
By Ibn Katheer
News From The Messenger Of Destructive Trials That Will Make The One Who Adheres To His Religion Like One Who Is Grasping Embers
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Woe to the Arabs from an evil that is indeed near – trials like pieces of the dark, black night. In the morning, a man will be a believer, but in the night, he will be a disbeliever. People will sell their religion for a paltry, worldly sum. At that time, one who is adhering to his religion will be like one who is grasping on embers,” or he said, “on thorns.” (Ahmad)
News From The Prophet Of The Nations Gathering Against The Muslims, Seeking To Weaken Them, Even Though The Muslims Will Be Large In Numbers
Abu Hurairah said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say to Thaubaan , “How will you be when the nations will call each other upon you as those who are dining call each other to their dish?” Thaubaan asked, “…O Messenger of Allah, will that be because we will be few (in number)?” He said, “No, rather at that time you will be many, yet AI-Wahn will be cast into your hearts.” “And what is AI-Wahn, O Messenger of Allah The Prophet’said, “Your love for the world and your hate for fighting.” (Ahmad)
The Messenger Intimated That A Destructive Fitnah Will Occur And Safety From It Achieved By Staying Far Away From It And From Ways That Lead To It
‘Amr ibn Waabisah Al-Asdee related that his father said, “As I was within my home in Kufa, I heard ‘Assalaamu ‘Alaikum’ at the door. And I said, ‘Alaikum As-Salaam’ The visitor entered and when he came in, (I saw that) it was ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood I said, ‘O Abu ‘Abdur-Rahmaan, what time is this to visit?’ The time was high noon. He said, ‘The day is long for me and I remembered one to whom I can speak.’ He began to relate to me from the Messenger of Allah saying, “There will be a trial wherein the one who is sleeping during it is better than the one who is lying down; and the one who is lying down during it is better than the one who is seated;
the one who is seated during it is better than the one who is standing; the one who is standing during it is better than the one is walking; the one who is walking is better than the one who is riding; the one who is riding is better than the one who is going forth quickly (seeking it out). All of those killed during it are in the Hellfire.” ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood asked, “O Messenger of Allah, and when is that?” He said, “The days of much killing, when a man will not be safe from the companion he sits with.” He said, “And what do you order me to do if I reach that (time)?” The Prophet said, “Restrain yourself and your hand and enter your home.” “O Messenger of Allah, and suppose a man enters upon me in my home?” The Prophet said, “Then lock your house.” ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood asked, “Suppose he enters (forcefully) upon my house?” The Prophet said, “Then enter your Masjid and do like this,” and he then closed his right (hand) on his wrist, “and say, ‘ My Lord is Allah’ until you die upon that.” (Ahmad)
Tribulations Have A Harmful Effect On One’s Character, Whereby A Man Will Not Even Be Safe From The Companion He Sits With
‘Amr ibn Waabisah related from his father from Ibn Mas’ood who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah at say (and he mentioned part of Abu Bakrah’s Hadeeth), “All of those killed in it (i.e. during the tribulations) are in the Hellfire.” Waabisah asked, “And when is that, O Ibn Mas’ood?” He said, “Those are the days of much killing, when a man will not be safe from the companion he sits with.” Waabisah said, “And what do you order me to do if I reach that time?” He said, “Restrain your tongue and your hand, and be a fixture from the fixtures of your house.” Waabisah said, “And when ‘Uthmaan was killed, my heart flared up in agitation. And so I rode until I reached Damascus, where I met Hadhyam ibn Faatik Al-Asdee. And he swore by Allah — none has the right to be worshipped but He — that he heard it from the Messenger of Allah (Abu Daawood)
Different Kinds Of Trials Mentioned By The Prophet The Way To Escape From Them Is To Withdraw From Society
Abu Bakrah related from his father, who related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed there will be a tribulation — the one who is lying down during it is better than the one who is seated; the one who is seated is better than the one who is standing; the one who is standing is better than the one who is walking; and the one who is walking is better than the one who is seeking it out.” Bakrah said, “O Messenger of Allah, what do you order me to do [then]?” He said, “Whoever has camels, then let him go to his camels; whoever has sheep, then let him catch up with his sheep; and whoever has land, then let him go to his land. And whoever does not have any of that, then let him betake himself to his sword, crush its blade with a rock, and then save himself as much as he is able to do so.” (Abu Daawood) Muslim related it from the Hadeeth of ‘Uthmaan As-Sihaam.
Husain Ibn ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Ashja’ee related that he heard Sa’ad Ibn Abee Waqqaas say, “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, suppose one enters my home and extends his hand to kill me?’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘ Be like the son of Adam, and he recited:
“If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you: for I fear Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamrn (mankind, jinn, and all that exists).”(Quf an 5:28).”‘ (Abu Daawood)
And during the trial of ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, Sa’ad ibn Abee Waqqaas said, “The Messenger of Allah said, ‘ Indeed there will be a trial – the one who is sitting during it is better than the one who is standing; the one who is standing is better than the one who is walking; and the one who is walking is better than the one who is seeking it out.’ (I) said, ‘ Suppose one enters my house and extends his hand – i.e. to kill me?’ He said, ‘ Be like the son of Adam.'” (Ahmad) At-Tirmidhee, who related it as well, said, “This Hadeeth is Hasan.”
The Messenger Of Allah Advised That One Should Bear Hardships During Tribulations And That One Should Keep Away From Participating In Evil
Abu Moosa Al-Asharee related that the Messenger of Allah said, “”IInnddeeeedd just before the Hour are trials, like parts of the dark, black night. In the morning, one is a believer, and in the night, a disbeliever. And in the night, one is a believer, and in the morning, a disbeliever. The one who is sitting is better than the one who is standing; the one who is walking is better than the one who is seeking them out. Then break your bows, cut your bowstrings, and strike your swords with rocks. And if one is entered upon – i.e. upon one of you – then let him be like the better of Adam’s two sons.” (Abu Daawood)
‘Abdullah ibn As-Saamit related from Abu Dharr who said, “The Messenger of Allah climbed (his mount) and made me sit behind him. Hesaid, ‘O Aba Dharr, suppose the people are afflicted with extreme hunger, to the degree that you are not able to get up from your bed to go to your Masjid — what will you do?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘ Be patient. O Aba Dharr, suppose that the people are afflicted with extreme death -what will you do?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘ Be patient. O Aba Dharr, suppose that people fight among themselves until the stones of a house are drowned in blood – what will you do?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘ Sit in your house and lock yourself inside your door.’ I said, ‘And what if I am not left alone, should I take my weapons?’ He said, ‘Then participate with them in that which they are in, but if you fear that you will be excited or drawn by the beam of your sword, then throw the edge of your robe over your face so that he (i.e. your attacker) will draw on himself his sin and your sin.’ (Ahmad) Abu Daawood related it through another chain.
Abu Moosa related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed near to you are trials that are like parts of the (dark) night. In the morning, a man will be a believer, but in the night, he will be a disbeliever; and in the night he will be a believer, but in the morning, a disbeliever. The one who is sitting down during them is better than the one who is standing; the one who is standing is better than the one who is walking; and the one who is walking is better than the one who is seeking them out.” Abu Moosa asked, “And what do you order us to do?” He said, “Be as fixtures in your homes.” (Abu Daawood)
The Messenger Of Allah Informed Us That Some Muslims Will Return To Idol-Worship
Thaubaan related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed Allah gathered and folded the earth for me, and I saw the East of it and the West of it. And the Dominion of my nation will reach that which was folded from it [Imam An-Nawawee said that this indicates how far the Muslim nation will rule from the East and West, which perhaps also indicates that its rule will not extend that much in the North and South.]. And I have been given the two treasures — the red (gold) and the white (silver). And I asked my Lord to not have my nation destroyed by a pervasive drought and to not give an enemy, from other than their own selves, reign over them by (allowing them) to uproot their Baidah (their society and their core place of rule)[ Though some areas may be afflicted with a drought, the nation as a whole will not be afflicted with it. Similarly, though enemies may subjugate some Muslim regions, they will not be able to conquer the entire nation.]. And indeed my Lord ‘Azza wa Jail (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) said, ‘O Muhammad, indeed if I decree a matter, then it is not returned (or prevented). And I have granted you for your nation that I will not destroy them by a pervasive drought and I will not give reign to an enemy, from other than their own selves, over them, (and they will not) uproot their Baidah; (and this) even if those from all areas gather over them (i.e. over the Muslims), so that some of them will destroy one another and imprison one another (i.e. though the two said requests are granted, Muslims will be afflicted by internecine struggles).’ Indeed all that I fear over my nation are misguiding Imams. If the sword is placed in my nation, it will not be raised from them until the Day of Resurrection. And the Hour will not arrive until tribes from my nation betake themselves to the Mushrikeen and until tribes from my nation worship idols. And there will be in my nation 30 liars, each one of them claiming that he is a Prophet, but I am the seal of the Prophets there is no Prophet after me. And a group from my nation will remain victorious upon the truth; those who oppose them will not harm them until the matter of Allah ‘Azza wa Jal (To Him belongs Might and Majesty) arrives (near the Hour the souls of all believers will be taken).” (Ahmad) Through other chains, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Ibn Maajah, and At-Tirmidhee related it as well. And At-Tirmidhee said about it, “Hasan Saheeh.”
The Fitnah Of The Saddlebag
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “While we were seated with the Messenger of Allah he mentioned the tribulations, and he mentioned much about them until he discussed the trial of the saddlebags .” Someone said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is the trial of the saddlebags[As the saddlebag adheres to a mount, so too will this trial adhere to the people. This is one possibility why it is called the trial of the saddlebag; another is because a saddlebag is usually black, and the trial being discussed is black, dark, and gloomy.] He said, “It is the usurping of wealth and the fleeing. Then there is the trial of As-Saraa (much wealth and safety) — its Dakhal (cheating and corruption) or smoke. Underneath my feet is a man from the people of my household who claims that he is my son (or direct descendent) but he is not from me; indeed my Auoliyaa are only those who are the Muttaqoon (those who fear Allah). Then people will gather and agree upon a man, (but it will be an agreement that is) like a hip on a rib. [A hip does not belong on a rib and so if placed on it, it will not remain upright; so too regarding the said agreement: it is weak and not firm or upright.] Then there will be the Duhaimaa (black, dark, catastrophic) trial. It will afflict every single person from this Nation. When it will be said that it is over, it will return; during it, a man will be a believer in the morning and a disbeliever in the night. (This will continue) until people will go to two Fustaats (Fustaat here means a group or a city) — the Fustaat of Eemaan (faith), in which there is no hypocrisy, and the Fustaat of hypocrisy, in which there is no Eemaan (faith). And when that will come to you, wait for the Dajjaal on that day or on the morrow.” (Abu Daawood) Ahmad related it as well in his Musnad.
Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “How will you (act) and the time draws near when people will be sifted (this means that the best of people will perish while the base ones remain); the covenants of people will be corrupted and the people will differ; then they will be like this,” and he intertwined his fingers. They said, “How should we (act), O Messenger of Allah He said, ” Take what you know to be good and leave what you repudiate; betake yourselves to your own private affairs and leave off the affairs of the general public.” (Abu Daawood) Ibn Maajah and Ahmad related the same Hadeeth through different chains.
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas said, ” While we were around the Messenger of Allah, he mentioned the trial or it was mentioned in his company. He said, ‘And you will see the covenants of people become corrupted and their trusts decline (i.e. people are no longer trustworthy), and they will be like this,’ and he intertwined his fingers.
I stood up, went to him, and said, ‘ What should I do at that time, may Allah make me your sacrifice?’ He said, ‘ Adhere to your house, control (or take hold of) your tongue, take what you know to be good, and leave what you repudiate. Upon you is the affair of your own self, and leave off the affairs of the general public.” (Ahmad) An-Nasaaee related it as well, but through a different chain.
A Trial In Which The Impact Of The Tongue Is More Harsh Than The Impact Of The Sword
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr related that the Messenger of Allah said, ” Indeed there will be a trial and it will afflict the Arabs. Those killed in it are in the Hellfire. The effect of the tongue during it is more severe than the effect of the sword.” (Abu Daawood) Ahmad, At- Tirmidhee, and Ibn Maajah related it as well, but through different chains. ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Abd Rabbul-Ka’bah said, “I was sitting with ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar under the shade of the Ka’bah, and he was relating Hadeeth to the people.” He said, “When we were with the Messenger of Allah on a journey, we encamped somewhere. Then the caller of the Messenger of Allah made the call announcing that the prayer was gathered. I went to him (the Prophet ) and he addressed the people, saying, ‘O people, there was no matter before me except that it was a right upon Allah to point His slaves from Him (and through a prophet) to that which he (the prophet) knew to be good for them and to warn them regarding that which he (the prophet) knew to be bad for them. Lo! Indeed safety of this nation is in its beginning, and trials and misfortunes will afflict the end of this Nation. Some of them will come joined together. A trial will come and the believer will say: this, this is my destruction . but then the trial will disappear. Then it will come and he will say: this, this (is my destruction), then it will come (again) and he will say: this, this, and then it will disappear. So whoever loves to be removed from the Hellfire and to be made to enter Paradise, then let his death come while he believes in Allah and the Last Day; and let him give the people what he loves to be given. And whoever pledges allegiance to any Imam, giving him the transaction of his hand and the fruit of his heart, then he must obey him if he is able,’ and one time he said, ‘ as much as he is able.””Abdur-Rahmaan said, “When I heard this, I thrust my head between my two legs and I said (to ‘Abullah ibn ‘Umar ), ” Indeed your cousin, Mu’aawiyah orders us to eat the wealth of people unjustly and to kill each other. And Allah it says,
“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you.” Qur’an 4:29
‘Abdur-Rahmaan then said, “He (i.e. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ) joined his hands together and placed them on his forehead. He lowered his head for a short while and then he raised it and said, ‘Obey him in the obedience of Allah and disobey him in the disobedience of Allah I said, ‘ You heard this from the Messenger of Allah He, said, ‘ Yes, I heard it from him with my ears and I grasped it with my heart.”‘ (Ahmad) Muslim, Abu Daawood, An-Nasaaee, and Al- ‘Amash related it as well.
‘Abdullah ibn related that he heard the Messenger of Allah say, “When you see that my nation dreads saying to the oppressor, ‘Indeed you are an oppressor,’ then they have taken their leave (i.e. their existence and non-existence amounts to the same thing).” (Ahmad) And the Messenger of Allah said, “There will be Qadfh (heavy winds with stones flying), Khasf (swallowing of the earth with those on it), and Maskh (transformation of people into animals).”
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “There will be a trial that is Sammaa (The people of the trial will not listen to the truth or to advice), Bakmaa (during it, no one will speak the truth), ‘Amyaa (people will become blinded, not seeing matters clearly). Whoever seeks it out, the trial seeks him out and attracts him. The effect of the tongue during it is more severe than the effect of the sword.” (Abu Daawood)
The Prophets Intimated That The Muslims Would Conquer Constantinople Before Rome
Abu Qateel said, “We were with ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar and he was asked, ‘Which city will be conquered – Constantinople or Rome?’ ‘Abdullah called for a box to be brought…and he removed from it a book. ‘Abdullah s said, ‘While we were (gathered) around the Messenger of Allah and we were writing, the Messenger of Allah was asked: Which city will be conquered first -Constantinople or Rome? The Messenger of Allah said: The city of Hiraql will be conquered first – i.e. Constantinople.”‘ (Ahmad)
Some News, The Source Of Which Is Imputed To The Messenger Of Allah About Destruction In Certain Countries; However, The Hadeeth Is Clearly A Fabrication
It is related in a Hadeeth of Hudhaifah ibn Al-Yamaan that the Prophet said, “Destruction will begin from the extremes of the earth, until Egypt is destroyed. Egypt is safe until Basrah is destroyed, and the ruin of Basrah will be drowning, whereas the ruin of Egypt will be the dryness of the Nile. The ruin of Makkah and Madeenah is from hunger. The ruin of Yemen is from locusts; the ruin of Al-Ubullah (a place in Basrah) is from besiegement. The ruin of Paaris is from the poor. The ruin of the Turks (again, whenever Turks are mentioned here, the Tatars and their descendents are being referred to) is from Ad-Dailam; the ruin of Dailam is from Al-Arman; the ruin of Al-Arman is from Al-Khazar; the ruin of Al-Khazar is from the Turks; and the ruin of the Turks is from thunderbolts. The ruin of As-Sind is from India; the ruin of India is from China; and the ruin of China is from Ar-Rumul. The ruin of Al-Habasha is from quakes, and the ruin of Az-Zuwaraa (a place in Madeenah near the Mosque) is from As-Sufyaanee. The ruin of Ar-Raohaa is from the earth swallowing (it or parts of it), and the destruction of Iraq is killing.” (Related by Al-Qurtubee in At- Tadhkirah) Abul-Farj ibn Al-Jawzee related it as well; he said, “I heard that the destruction of Al-Andulus is a barren wind.”
Many Signs And Aayaat
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said, “I entered upon the Prophet as he was making ablution in a deliberate manner. Then he raised his head, looked at me, and said, ‘O my nation, six among you: the death of your Prophet It was as if he pulled out my heart from its place. He said, ‘(That is) one. Wealth will flow abundantly among you until a man is given 10000, but he still complains about it (being too little); that is the second. A trial will enter the house of every man from you, (and that is) three. Death like Qu’aas of sheep (a disease that kills livestock on a sudden), (and that is) four. A truce will take place between you and the children of the yellow (skinned people); they will gather for you for nine months, like the period of a woman’s pregnancy. Then they will be more worthy of treachery than you, (and that is) five. And the conquering of a city, (and that makes) six.’ I asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, which city?’ He said, ‘Constantinople.”‘ (Ahmad) Based on the narrators of this Hadeeth, the chain is dubious; however, it is supported through another narration with an authentic chain. ‘Aouf ibn Maalik s said, “I went to the Messenger of Allah while he was engaged in the battle of Tabook; he was in a dome made of Udam (skin or leather). He said, ‘Enumerate six signs which will occur in close proximity to the Hour – 1) my death; 2) the conquering of Constantinople; 3) death that will take you like the barber of sheep (takes hair from them); 4) an abundant flow of wealth until a man receives 100 dinar yet still remains dissatisfied; 5) a trial that will not leave a single house from the Arabs except that it enters it; 6) then there will be a truce between you and the children of the yellow ones. They will advance and come to you under 80 flags; under each flag there will be 12,000.” (Bukhaaree) Abu Daawood, Ibn Maajah, and At-Tabaraanee related it from the Hadeeth of Al-Waleed.
Signs Indicating The Proximity Of The Hour
‘Aouf Ibn Maalik Al-Ashja’ee said, “I went to the Prophet and gave him greetings of peace. Hem, said, ‘Aouf?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Enter.’ I asked, ‘All of me or a part of me?’ He said, ‘All of you. O ‘Aouf, enumerate six that will occur in close proximity to the Hour. the first of them is my death.’ I cried until the Messenger of Allah silenced me. He said, ‘Say: one.’ I said, ‘One.’ He said, ‘The second is the conquering of Jerusalem. Say: two.’ I said, ‘Two.’ He said, ‘The third is death that will occur in my nation, it will take them like the shearing of (wool on) sheep. Say: three. The fourth is a trial that will take place in my nation – it is the greatest of them. The fifth is the abundant flowing of wealth among you, until a man is given 100 dinars but is still dissatisfied with it. Say: five. The sixth is a truce between you and the children of the yellow ones (referring to Rome); they will advance toward you with 80 Ghaayah.’
I said, ‘And what is AI-Ghaayah?’ He said, ‘A flag, and under each flag there are 12 000. And the Fustaat (could mean city here) of the Muslims at that time will be in a land called Ghootah, in a city called Damascus.”‘ (Ahmad)
Abu Dardaa related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed the Fustaat (could mean city here) of the Muslims on the day of the massacre is in Ghootah, beside a city that is called Damascus, from the best of the cities of Sham.” (Abu Daawood)
Mu’aadh ibn Jabal e related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Six are from the signs of the Hour: 1) my death; 2) the conquering of Jerusalem; 3) death that will take people like the shearing (of wool from) sheep; 4) a trial and that which surrounds it will enter the house of every Muslim; 5) a man will be given 1000 dinars (in charity) but will remain dissatisfied; 6) Rome will betray, advancing with 80 banners — underneath each banner, 12000.” (Ahmad)
The Prophet Ordered Muslims To Hasten To Do Good Deeds Before The Occurrence Of Six Matters
Abu Hurairah s related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Hasten with (good) deeds before six (matters): the sun rising from the West; the Dajjaal; the smoke; the beast of the earth; the death of one of you; the affair of the ‘Aaamah (literally, this means ‘of all people,’ but here this is referring to the Day of Resurrection, which encompasses all people).” Qataadah used to say, “If he said, ‘the affair of the ‘Aamah’, he was referring to the affair of the Hour.” (Ahmad) Muslim related this Hadeeth through another chain.
Abu Hurairah related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Hasten to (perform good) deeds before six (matters occur): the sun rising from the West; the Dajjaal; the smoke; the beast; the death of one of you; and the affair of the ‘Aamah (i.e., the Day of Resurrection).” (Ahmad) And Muslim related it from the Hadeeth of Ismaa’eel ibn Ja’far Al-Madanee.
Ten Signs Before The Coming Of The Hour
Huthafah ibn Asad said, “The Prophet came over us as we were studying among ourselves (knowledge pertaining to) the Hour. He said, ‘What are you discussing?’ We said, ‘We are mentioning (affairs pertaining to) the Pour.’ He said, ‘Indeed it will not come until you see ten signs: The smoket [It is related in a Hadeeth from Hudhaifah that from the signs of the Hour is a smoke that will fill all that is between the East and the West. It will remain on earth for forty days. The believer will be afflicted with something similar to a cold; the disbeliever will be in a state of drunkenness; smoke will come out from his nose, his eyes, his ears, and his anus (this is mentioned in ‘Aun AI-Ma:hood.)] , the Dajjaal, the beast, the rising of the sun from the West, the descending of ‘Eesa ibn Maryam, Yajooj and Majooj, three Khusoof (plural of Khasf, the swallowing of the earth and all that is on it) — the Khasf of the East, the Khasf of the West, and the Khasf of the Arabian Peninsula — and the last of them is a fire that will emerge from the East and that will steer people to their place of gathering.” (Ahmad)
The Fire That Will Come Out From The Floor (Or Depth) Of ‘Adan The following is related from Ibn Shuraihah Al-Ghaffaaree: “And a fire that will come out from the floor of ‘Adan (a famous city in Yemen); it will steer or gather the people; it will spend the night with them wherever they spend the night, and it will be with them in the day wherever they take their day-nap.” Sho’bah said, “A man from Abu At-Tufail related this Hadeeth to me from Abu Shuraihah, who did not impute it to the Prophet .”
The Fierce battle That Will Take Place With The Romans, Which Will End With The Conquering Of Constantinople
At that point the Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal will come out and ‘Eesa ibn Maryam will descend from the sky of this world to the earth, to a white minaret in Eastern Damascus, at the time of Fajr. We will further explain this with authentic narrations.
Dhee Mukhammar related this Hadeeth from the Prophet “You will make a truce of peace with Rome; you and they will conquer an enemy from behind them. You will be safe and you will achieve spoils. Then you will descend in a fertile soil that has many mounds in it. A man from the Romans will stand, raise the cross, and say, ‘victory is for the cross.’ A man from the Muslims will rise and kill him. At that point, the Romans will betray their agreement and there will be massacres. They will gather for you, advancing toward you with 80 banners, and with each banner there will be 10,000.” (Ahmad) Ahmad related the following from Rooh Al-Aouzaa’ee, “At that point, Rome will betray (the pact) and they will gather (for) the massacre.” Abu Daawood and Ibn Maajah also related it from Al-Aouzaaee. And we have already mentioned in the Hadeeth of Bukhaaree from ‘Aouf ibn Maalik that “they will come to you under eighty banners, and under each banner there will be 12,000.”
This is the same that is related in the Hadeeth of Shaddaad ibn ‘Ammaar from Mu’aadh “They will advance toward you with 80 banners, and under each banner there are 12,000.” Aseer ibn Jaabir said, “A red wind was blowing in Kufah, and a man came, repeating the same words over and over: ‘O ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood, the Hour has come.’ At the time, ‘Abdullah was leaning (on something); he then sat down and said, ‘The Hour will not come until the inheritance is not distributed and until there is no joy over spoils of war.’ ‘Abdullah then pointed with his hand toward Ash-Sham (Syria and surrounding areas). He continued, ‘An enemy gathering (their forces) for the people of Islam, and the people of Islam gathering (their forces) for them.’ I asked, ‘Are you referring to Rome?’ He said, ‘Yes. And at that point there will be fighting and a great retreat. The Muslims will send forth a portion of their army to die – they should not return except as victors. The battle will continue until the night acts as a barrier between them; each party will remain non-victorious, and the advance party perishes. Then the Muslims will send forth (another) portion of their army to die – they should not return except as victors. The fighting will go on, with both armies remaining non-victorious, and with the advance group perishing. Then the Muslims will send forth (yet another) portion of their army to die – they should not return except as victors. The fighting will go on until the night acts as a barrier between them. Both armies will return non-victorious, and this (last) advance group perishes. On the fourth day, the rest of Islam’s adherents will go to face them, and Allah will make them become stricken by misfortunes. The killing will be such as,’ he either said, ‘we know not the likes of,’ or he said, ‘nothing similar to it will have been seen, to the extent that a bird will pass by their sides and will not pass by them until it falls down dead. The children of a father (i.e. relatives or members of the same tribe) who were 100 will find that only a single man from them remains. Over which spoils of war should one rejoice (in such a situation)? And which estate should be divided? As they are in that situation, they will hear of something that is even greater than that. A frightened caller will come to them, announcing that the Dajjaal stayed behind among their women and children. They (the army) will refuse what is in their hands and they will go forth. They will send 10 riders in advance. The Messenger of Allah said: I indeed know their names, the names of their fathers, and the colors of their horses; at that time, they will be the best riders on the face of the earth.”‘ (Ahmad)
In a narration we already related from ‘Aouf ibn Maalik, as the Prophet was enumerating the signs, he said, “The sixth is a truce that will take place between you and the children of the yellow (ones). They will advance toward you with 80 flags, and underneath each flag are 10,000. The Fustaat (perhaps meaning city here) of the Muslims at that time will be in a land called Al-Ghootah, in a city called Damascus.” (Ahmad) Abu Ad-Dardaa related that the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed the Fustaat (perhaps meaning city here) of the Muslims on the day of the carnage will be at Al-Ghootah, beside a city called Damascus, one of the best cities of Ash- Sham (Syria and surrounding areas).” (Abu Daawood) We have already related ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar’s Hadeeth regarding the conquering of Constantinople and Abu Qubail’s Hadeeth from him regarding the conquering of Rome.