Narrated Abu Huraira: While we were sitting with the Prophet Surat Al-Jumu’a was revealed to him, and when the Verse, “And He (Allah) has sent him (Muhammad) also to other (Muslims)…..’ (62.3) was recited by the Prophet, I said, “Who are they, O Allah’s Apostle?” The Prophet did not reply till I repeated my question thrice. At that time, Salman Al-farisi (The Persian) was with us. So Allah’s Apostle put his hand on Salman, saying, “If Faith were at (the place of) Ath-Thuraiya (pleiades, the highest star), even then (some men or man from these people (i.e. Salman’s folk, the Persians) would attain it.” (Book 60, Hadith 420,Sahih Bukhari)
Allamah Jalaluddin Suyuti [r.h] writes:
اقول: وقد بشر بالإمام ابي حنيفة فى الحديث
“I say that Prophet Muhammed [s.a.w] has given the glad tidings of Imam Abu Hanifa [r.h, who came from Persia] in this hadith [of Abu Hurayra] [r.a].” [Tabyeed al-Sahifa, page 403]
فهذا أصل صحيح يعتمد عليه في البشارة والفضيلة نظير المحدثين الذين في الإمامين ويستغنى به عن الخبر الموضوع
translation: in this hadith is the “sahih asal” in regards to basharah and fadheelat of (imam abu hanifa) and it is “relied upon” just like previous (hadiths) are upon other muhaditheen (i.e. imam ash-shafi and imam malik whom imam suyuti mentions too). this sahih hadith makes distinction between the fabricated hadith in his regard (i.e. all false accusations on imam abu hanifa are destroyed due to this hadith) [tabiyiz as-sahifa bi manaqib abi hanifa, page # 31-33]
“It has been communicated unanimously that this hadith refers to Imam Abu Hanifah.”
“Kufa (a city in Persia) at the time of the Imam’s birth was a great center of knowledge and learning, with many of the noble Prophet’s (saw) Companions (ra) having taken residence there. Due to the presence of these venerable people who had engendered so much interest in hadith and riwayat that practically every house in Kufa had become a center of these disciples and their disciplines.” [The Life of Imam Abu Hanifah by Maida Malik]
Allamah ibn Hajar Makki [r.h] has also quoted this view of Allamah Suyuti [r.h] in al-Khayrat al-Hisaan.
Imam Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlwi [r.h] has mentioned in his Maktubaat that Imam Abu Hanifa [r.h] falls under the above mentioned hadith. [Kalmat al-Tayyibaat, page 168]
Imam Abu Hanifa Numan ibn Thabit ibn Numan ibn Marzuban [Narrated by Ismail ibn Hammad ibn Abu Hanifa], called “The Imam” by Abu Dawud, and “The Imam, one of those who have reached the sky” by Ibn Hajar, he is known in the Islamic world as Imam Al Azam (The greatest Imam) and his school has the largest number of followers among the four schools of Ahly Sunna. He was a successor and met such Sahaba as Anas bin Malik, Sahl bin Sa’d, Ibn Abi Awfa etc. He was the first to organize Fiqh in written form under subheadings.
The main source of this biography is Uqudul Jamman Fi Manaqibil Imami Al Azam Abi Hanifa An Numan by Muhaddith Allamah Shamsudin Muhammad ibn Yusuf Dimashqi. Source.
Dream of Imam Abu Hanifa R.A
شعيب بن أيوب الصريفيني، حدثنا أبويحيى الحماني، سمعت أبا حنيفة يقول: رأيت رؤيا أفزعتني، رأيت كأني أنبش قبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فأتيت البصرة، فأمرت رجلا يسأل محمد بن سيرين فسأله، فقال: هذا رجل ينبش أخبار رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم
Translation: Shu‘ayb ibn Ayyub al-Sarifini said, Abu Yahya al-Himmani narrated to us, ‘I heard Abu Hanifah say, “I saw a dream that scared me. I saw I was digging up the grave of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). I came to Basrah and ordered a man to ask Muhammad ibn Sirin (a Major Tabii and an authority on dream interpretation in Islam) and he asked him. He said, ‘This man shall uncover the hadiths of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).’”’
1) Imam Dhahabi, Siyar Alam al-Nubala, Volume 6, Page No: 398
2) Imam Mizzi, Tahzeeb ul Kamal, Volume 29, Page No: 427
3) Imam Nawawi, Tahdhib al-Asma’, Narrator no: 771, page 377
4) Imam Dhahabi, Manaqib al Imam Abi Hanifa lidh Dhahabi, Page 36